in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low-density lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). . It is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels.Atherosclerosis (also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease or ASVD) is a condition in which an artery wall thickens as the result of a build-up of fatty materials such as cholesterol. a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries. It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.

with improvements. some symptoms such as angina pectoris can be treated.€ If atherosclerosis leads to symptoms. and they may cause unwanted side-effects. medicines are usually the next step in treating cardiovascular diseases. allowing manufacturers to control prices. such as cessation of smoking and practicing regular exercise. If these methods do not work. and. Most medicines for atherosclerosis are patented. which tend to be higher than medicines not so protected. have increasingly become the most effective method over the long term. . Non-pharmaceutical means are usually the first method of treatment.

Therefore.and low in dietary cholesterol. the condition is accelerated among smokers and those whose diets include excessive amounts of saturates and trans-fatty acids.€ Although atherosclerotic heart disease gradually takes hold as we age.especially saturated fat . It should be combined with regular cardio-aerobic exercise. any diet aimed at slowing down the development of atherosclerosis should be low in total fat . .

peppers. .Here is some basic eating advice to slow down atherosclerosis by dietary means: € Increase your consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables for their antioxidant properties. € Eat more oats. garlic. apples and beans for their soluble fiber which helps to lower cholesterol intake. salmon and herring are rich in omega-3 essential fatty acids. which improve cholesterol levels as well as the elasticity of the arteries. leeks and onions are especially beneficial. Citrus fruit. carrots. spinach. € Eat more oily fish. broccoli. Species such as mackerel.

€ Limit your intake of eggs to 3-4 per week. Meaning one drink per day for women. may be high in saturates. Red meat. unless ultra-lean and trimmed. € Avoid . Eggs are high in dietary cholesterol. and low in sodium. and switch to lean skinless chicken/turkey or fish. reduce your intake of red meat. hydrogenated or saturated fat. or baked/processed goods. € Reduce your intake of alcohol to moderate levels. oil. check food labels and choose foods low in trans-fats. or two for men. One drink is 12 fl oz of beer. € When purchasing margarine.all offal. a glass of wine or one measure of spirits.

Fatty take-away foods. shell fish etc.€ The diet: Is similar to a Mediterranean-style diet Includes large amounts of fresh fruits (2 servings per day) and vegetables (5 servings per day) Limits the intake of meat. cream. particularly red meat (1 serving per day) Increases consumption of grains and cereals (4-9 servings per day) Includes non-fat or low-fat milk and dairy products (2 servings per day) Recommends limiting alcohol intake (a maximum of 2 standard drinks for men and 1 for women per day). eggs. pastries and chocolate Frying foods or using breadcrumbs . cakes. fried foods. biscuits. € The diet excludes: Foods high in cholesterol offal meats.

g. . particularly saturated fat Limit the amount of salt in your daily diet Select items with the Heart Foundation tick. canola oil) Reduce total fat by only choosing lean meats and always cut visible forms of fat away Reduce the total fat in your diet. which suggests the product is good for promoting a healthy heart.€ Try to make the following changes to your diet: Include omega-3 fatty acids in your diet (e. fish.

€ Sample daily diet € Breakfast 1 glass of freshly squeezed orange juice 1 bowl of porridge with honey and banana 1 slice of whole meal toast topped with tomato € Snack 1 tub of low-fat yoghurt 1 cup of tea or coffee 1 slice of fruit bread with thin spread of jam € Lunch Tuna salad 1 whole meal roll € Snack 2 slices of whole meal toast with low-fat cheese melted on top 1 cup of tea or coffee € Dinner 2 grilled chicken shashlicks with capsicum and onions served on a bed of couscous 1 Greek salad 1 glass of red wine or dark grape juice .

9 g Saturated Fat : 0. Mix all ingredients together and add olive oil and balsamic vinegar.9 g Cholesterol : 5. € Total Nutrients (100 g): Energy: 415 kJ / 99 cals Protein: 4.€ Tuna salad € 1 cup of lettuce leaves 1 can of tuna (drained and flaked) 2 boiled potatoes (skins on) 1 large tomato cut into wedges cup of Kalamata olives 1 cup of green beans 1 sprig of fresh parsley 2 tablespoons olive oil 2 teaspoons balsamic vinegar € Place lettuce in salad bowl and add rest of ingredients.2 g Total Fat 5.6 g Monounsaturated Fat : 3. 9 mg Sodium : 123 mg .

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