# Reservoir Fluid Properties

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Outline
 Phase Behavior and Phase Diagrams  z-factor and z-factor charts  FVF of oil and Gas (relates res and surf vol¶s
of a phase)

 Isothermal compressibility ( MBE) and viscosity (fluid flow) of oil and gas  Vaporization Factor, Rv (MBE Condensate )  Density of oil and gas (vertical gradients of
fluids in res.)

 MMP and MMR (miscible disp)
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Phase Behavior-Diagrams Use of Pressure vs. Temperature Diagrams Used to visualize the fluids production path from the reservoir to the surface To classify reservoir fluids Visualize miscible processes PVT props can indicate fluid barrier type heterogeneity ! 3 .

Visualize Production Path 4 .

Phase diagrams: Single component What are the important points or curves? Why do we call dense fluid? 5 .

Two-Component and retrograde condensation 6 .

Real Gas law pV ! znRT 7 .

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Wichert and Aziz Corrections for z-factors of Sour gases 9 .

Abou Kassem and Dranchuk Correlation Very convenient for simulations 10 .

7 psia VGR PSC z RTR Bg ! ! VGSC z SC TSC PR 11 .Formation Volume Factor for Gases Bg = Volume of a gas phase sample in reservoir at reservoir Tand P Volume of gas phase yielded by the same sample at Tsc and Psc The unit of Bg is cuft/SCF where Tsc=600F and pscc=14.

Formation Volume Factor for Dry Gases 12 .

Isothermal Gas Compressibility Definition of Cg cg = .(1/VM)* (VM / P)T 13 .(1/V) (V / P)T or cg = .

Gas Viscosity 14 .

Gas Viscosity Correlations 15 .

Isothermal Oil Compressibility 16 .

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Oil Compressibility Below Pb 18 .

Oil Formation Volume Factor. Bo 19 .

Oil Formation Volume Factor. Bo 20 .

Two Phase Formation Volume Factor. Bt VoR  VGR VGR Two phase FVF is defined as: Bt ! ! Bo  VoSC VoSC And can be shown to be: t o g ( si  s) 21 .

The retrograde gases and liberated gas of volatile oil gas contains volatilized oil and hence the illustrations differ.Modern PVT properties The previous illustrations shows that there is no volatilized oil in the gas phase. Thus there is no condensation upon change of P and T to surface values. Consider the following PVT experiment. Therefore MBE based on the previous concepts only were applicable only to dry gas and black oil reservoirs. 22 .

PVT properties for volatile oil and condensates 23 .

MMP Estimation     Graphical laboratory determination Slim tube experiments(42ft lenght) Actual reservoir temperature and actual gas(fixed composition) 6 to 8 points increasing pressure 24 .

MME Estimation  Graphical laboratory determination  Slim tube experiments(42ft lenght)  Actual reservoir temperature and actual gas(fixed pressure)  6 to 8 points increasing enrichment 25 .