2005-06 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3

)

Key Findings

Contents
1. About NFHS-3 2. Household and individual haracteristics 3. Fertility, marriage and family planning 4. Maternal health 5. Immunization and child health care 6. Nutritional status 7. HIV knowledge, behaviour and prevalence
NFHS-3, India, 2005-06

Overview 
NFHS-3 is the third in the NFHS series of NFHSsurveys, preceded by NFHS-1 in 1992-93 NFHS1992and NFHS-2 in 1998-99 NFHS1998 NFHS surveys are conducted under the stewardship of MoHFW  IIPS is the nodal agency for the National Family Health Surveys
NFHS-3, India, 2005-06

Contd.« 
NFHS-3 is funded by USAID, DFID, the Bill and NFHS-

Melinda Gates Foundation, UNICEF, and UNFPA 
Macro International provided technical assistance to

NFHSNFHS-3 
NACO and NARI provided assistance for the HIV

component 
NFHS-3 fieldwork was carried out by 18 Research NFHS-

Organizations including some Population Research Centres

NFHS-3, India, 2005-06

Scope of NFHS-3 
All 29 states are covered  Slum and non-slum areas of eight cities, i.e. Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Indore, Kolkata, Meerut, Mumbai, Nagpur  Interviews were conducted with  Women age 15-49  Men age 15-54
NFHS-3, India, 2005-06

Biomarkers Measured in NFHS-3  Height and weight  Haemoglobin content in the blood to measure anaemia  Collection of blood samples for HIV testing NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

369 Response Rate 97.385 74.1 NFHS-3. India.NFHS-3 Sample for 29 states Number Interviewed Households Women (age 15-49) 15Men (age 15-54) 15109.5 87. 2005-06 .7 94.041 124.

Immunization and Child Health 6. Nutritional Status of Children and Adults 7. About NFHS-3 2. Marriage and Family Planning 4. Household and Individual Characteristics 3. 2005-06 . Behaviour and Prevalence NFHS-3. HIV Knowledge.Contents 1. India. Maternal Health 5. Fertility.

Selected Household Characteristics Percent of households 3 lectricit 56 6 5 i ed ater 2 25 3 n toilet acilit 26 5 Urban Rural Total NFHS-3. 2005-06 . India.

2005-06 . India.NFHSNFHS-3 finds some improvements in the household environment since NFHS-2 NFHS68% of households have electricity. up from 60% in NFHS-2 NFHS88% of households use an improved source of drinking water Only 29% of households have improved toilet facilities NFHS-3.

radio. or ne spaper a eas on e a ee 3 5 2 55 65 73% of urban households and 30% of rural households possess a TV r an ura To a Women age 15-49 Men age 15-49 NFHS-3. 2005-06 . India.Media Exposure er en i exposure o T .

on 5% of m n and % of wom n ar it rat NFHS-3.. 2005-06 .Education Percent distribution of men and women age 15-49 by highest level of education No ducation n 2 20 35 < ar com t ar com t om n 23 22 0 ar com t and a o NFHSNFHS-3 how that n among tho in th ag grou 5. India.

and nutrition indicators for socially and economically vulnerable groups to examine health inequities ± Caste/tribe status ± Wealth status ± Slum/non-slum population in eight cities Slum/non- NFHS-3. 2005-06 .Measuring Health Inequities NFHSNFHS-3 provides information on key population. India. health.

and availability of electricity Combines this information into a single wealth index. wealthiest) NFHS-3. using a scientific method of assigning weights to individual components he household population is divided into five equal groups of 20% each (quintiles) at the national level from 1 (lowest.What is the wealth index? Uses information on 33 household assets and housing characteristics. India. source of water. index. poorest) to 5 (highest. type of dwelling. consumer items. 2005-06 . such as ownership of characteristics.

India. 2005-06 .Caste/ ribe Status SC H 32 C S NFHS-3.

a watch or clock. NFHS-3. an electric fan. cooking fuel. a chair. and a animaltractor. a computer. a sewing machine. type of flooring. 2005-06 . a colour television. a black and white television. a table. India. an animal-drawn cart. type of toilet facility. type of windows. a pressure cooker. material of exterior walls. type of roofing. any other telephone. a cot/bed. a bicycle. house ownership. a mobile telephone. a thresher. drinking water source. ownership of a bank or post-office account. a motorcycle or scooter. a water pump. number of household members per sleeping room.Wealth Index Variables The NFHS-3 wealth index is based on the following 33 assets and housing NFHScharacteristics: household electrification. a car. a refrigerator. and postownership of a mattress. a radio/transistor.

2005-06 .Distribution of Households by Wealth Index and Residence National 20 20 20 20 20 rban 3 6 2 Rural 2 26 23 6 Lo est Second iddle Fourth Hi hest NFHS-3. India.

2005-06 .Distribution of Households by Wealth Index and Caste 5 3 2 2 2 23 25 50 2 0 22 2 0 6 36 S o est Se ond SC iddle Fourth C Highest ther NFHS-3. India.

Proportion of Households in the Highest wo Wealth Quintiles by State 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 JH PJ E H N Z N J H HP In di a H J N S W H J P P S P 89 83 78 77 72 66 65 60 59 57 57 55 49 44 43 43 41 40 40 36 33 32 30 27 26 24 24 23 23 19 NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

About NFHS-3 2. Maternal Health 5. Nutritional Status of Children and Adults 7. India. Marriage and Family Planning 4. Behaviour and Prevalence NFHS-3.Contents 1. Household and Individual Characteristics 3. Fertility. 2005-06 . HIV Knowledge. Immunization and Child Health 6.

2005-06 . India.otal Fertility Rate 0 35 30 25 20 20 5 0 NFHSNFHS-2 NFHS-3 r an 35 3 30 2 2 25 2 30 2 5 0 NFHS-3 R ral otal NFHS-3.

Marital Status Pe ce t of wome ge 0 4 m ied y ge 8 5 53 50 5 2 N H N H N H U N H R l NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

2005-06 .Current Contraceptive Use by Method Percent of currently married women age 15-49 56 49 37 5 o nd Co 1 ny d tho e ny n n tio ti o a a ii ii r r ern st e ste od ae ae M Fe d ho et IUD 2 i 3 NFHS-3. India.

rends in Contraceptive Use by Method Percent of currently married women age 15-49 56 3 3 2 3 3 NFHS- NFHS-2 NFHS-3 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 5 et ho d at io n et ho d at io n IU i NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 od er n st er i e ny Fe M a a e st er ii ny Co nd o i .

Desire for No More Children among Women with 2 Children 3 2 66 3 0 6 6 NFHS- NFHS-2 NFHS-3 2 sons 1 son and 1 daughter 2 daughters NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

Nutritional status of children and adults 7. Marriage and Family Planning 4. 2005-06 .Contents 1. Household and individual characteristics 3. Immunization and child health care 6. About NFHS-3 2. Fertility. Maternal health care 5. HIV knowledge. behaviour and Prevalence NFHS-3. India.

2005-06 .rends in Antenatal Care Per ent f F 6 2 5 60 65 66 -1 en NF ad any A C* NF - rban * For last births in the past 3 years ural otal NFHS-3. India.

2005-06 . India.Ma 5 ni Urban Rural Ca Total 6 (for most recent birth in the last 5 years) 52 35 23 2 3 3+ ANC IFA o 0+ da o na a a i hin 2 da NFHS-3.

Institutional Delivery NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

Behaviour and Prevalence NFHS-3. India. Marriage and Family Planning 4.Contents 1. Household and Individual characteristics 3. Immunization and Child Health 6. HIV Knowledge. Nutritional Status of Children and Adults 7. 2005-06 . About NFHS-3 2. Fertility. Maternal Health 5.

Infant Mortality Rate NFHS-1 NFHS-2 NFHS- 5 3 56 2 62 6 5 r an R ral otal NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

India.Infant Mortality Rates 79 65 57 57 64 27 6 11 NFHS-3. 2005-06 .

2005-06 . India.Child Immunization rends Percent of children age 12-23 months vaccinated C olio3 3 easles ll a ines NFHS-1 35 NFHS-2 2 5 52 55 55 5 5 62 2 63 2 NFHS-3 NFHS-3.

2005-06 . India.NFHS-3.

India.rends in reatment of Childhood Diarrhoea with ORS Percent of children under age 3 with diarrhoea in the past 2 weeks NF 2 NF 3 33 33 25 24 27 26 rban Rural otal NFHS-3. 2005-06 .

India. 2005-06 H P .Percentage Received Any OR or Increased Fluids by State 5 5 2 63 5 53 53 5 6 3 3 33 25 26 26 0 3 3 55 65 6 6 6 R H A P A R H P S P H N A H N R R R A H ia O P O In d N S NFHS-3.

Maternal health care 5. Household and individual characteristics 3. About NFHS-3 2. Fertility and its determinants 4.Contents 1. 2005-06 . Immunization and child health care 6. HIV knowledge. behaviour and Prevalence NFHS-3. India. Nutritional status of children and adults 7.

a e) NFHS-3. 2005-06 . India.ei ht-for.rends in Child Nutritional Status Percent of children age under 3 years NFHS-3 NFHS-2 5 5 3 0 20 23 Stunted ( o -hei ht-for-a e) asted ( o .ei ht-for-hei ht) nder ei ht ( o .

NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

2005-06 . India.Anaemia among Children Percent of children 6-35 months with anaemia 2 otal r an ral NFHS-2 NFHS-3.

India.How Many Children Receive Services from an AWC? 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Percent of age-eligible children in areas with an AWC 33 26 23 20 18 16 d s vi ce g l Pr esc ho o se r ry m un iz a it o en ta on y An m le m ro w th Im Su pp G NFHS-3. 2005-06 H ea lth ch ec kup s tio n fo o ri n .

Nutritional Status of Adults Percent of women and men age 15-49 W omen Men 55 36 3 2 3 I lo nor al r i t s An a i NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

India. 2005-06 N F H S -2 to ta l s s s .Malnutrition of Women by Residence and Education 60 50 0 30 20 0 0 36 25 2 35 35 25 36 Percent of omen a e 5- 3 2 3 2 io n ra l an al ot ar ar ar rb at u R uc ye ye ye ed 0 - o N nder ei t er ei t NFHS-3.

Malnutrition of Men by Residence and Education 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 34 27 38 40 38 40 er ei 25 nder ei t t 5 8 14 3 5 Percent of men a e 15-49 6 14 rb an ur al ot al ye ar s ed uc a 8 89 N o 10 ye ar s ye ar s R tio n NFHS-3. 2005-06 . India.

Marriage and Family Planning 4. behaviour and prevalence NFHS-3. Immunization and child health care 6. India. Maternal health care 5. About NFHS-3 2. Fertility. 2005-06 .Contents 1. Nutritional status of children and adults 7. HIV knowledge. Household and individual characteristics 3.

AIDS Awareness Percent of women and men age 15-49 who have heard of IDS Urb n ural otal Women 6 5 Men 3 0 NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

Most Adults Support Family ife Education in Schools 63% women and 81% men think that information about HIV/ IDS should be taught in schools to both boys and girls More than 40% of women and 60% of men are in favour of teaching both boys and girls about sexual behaviour and condom use to avoid sexually transmitted diseases dults are less likely to favour teaching about contraception than about HIV/ IDS NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

2005-06 .Coverage of HIV esting in NFHS-3 ‡ Percent of eligible women age 15-49 15and men age 15-54 whose blood was 15tested for HIV ‡ ‡ Women: 85 percent Men: 78 percent ‡ Response rates are comparable to HIV test response rates on national household surveys worldwide NFHS-3. India.

853 from de facto women age 15-49 1550. 2005-06 .HIV Prevalence HIV prevalence estimates are based on HIV tests of 102.946 blood samples: 52. India.093 from de facto men age 15-54 15NFHS-3.

35 0.41 among males than females and 40% higher in urban areas than rural areas 0. India Sex Urban Rural India Women (%) Men (%) Total (%) 0.25 0.28 NFHS-3.29 0. 2005-06 HIV prevalence rate is 60% higher 0. India.22 0.36 .32 0.18 0.HIV Prevalence by Residence and Sex.

2005-06 .Summary and Highlights Substantial improvements have been seen in child survival Fertility continues to decline ± Urban women have already reached replacement level fertility. India. but rural women even now have an average of three children For the first time more than half of currently married women are using a contraceptive method NFHS-3.

2005-06 . but the changes over time have been slow Immunization coverage for children has improved for all vaccines except DP NFHS-3. institutional deliveries. and assistance at delivery by a health professional. India.Summary and Highlights (contd.) here is steady decline in the proportion of women age 20-24 marrying before the legal 20minimum age of marriage here have been improvements in antenatal care.

) Full immunization coverage has not changed much in the last 7 years Undernutrition and anaemia among children remain major challenges Adults suffer a dual burden of undernutrition and overnutrition NFHS-3. 2005-06 . India.Summary and Highlights (contd.

Summary and Highlights (contd. 15Based on this estimate and other data. NFHS-3.28 percent. strong programmes are still required to prevent the further spread of HIV.) HIV prevalence among the NFHS-3 NFHShousehold population of men and women age 15-49 is 0. However. 2005-06 . the Government of India has reduced its official HIV estimate for the adult population. India.

hank you« And now. on to the rest of the NFHS-3 National Dissemination Seminar! NFHS-3. India. 2005-06 .

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