This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Fitness for use Conformance to requirements Accuracy Perfection Zero Defect Adequacy Cost Effectiveness
“ T ET T L YO F A U E A DC A A T R T SO AP O U TO H O A IT F E T R S N H R C E IS IC F R D C R S R IC T A B A U O IT A IL YT S T F S A E O IML D E V E H T E R P N S B IT O A IS Y T T D R P IE N E S“ ED
A group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements forming a complex whole Set of detailed methods ,procedures and routines established or formulated to carry out a specific activity , perform a duty , or solve a problem
Quality Management System
A System of coordinated activities which is meant to “direct” and “control” an organization with regard to quality.
IS isc mo e o mreth n9 mme c u trie O o p s d f o a 0 e b rs o n s OHSAS1 8001 " O IS " . e h rt rm f th o a iz tio 'sn m isa a sIS . IS .In rn tio a O a iz tio fo S n a iz tio te a n l rg n a n r ta d rd a n F u d din1 4 inGn v . e rg n a n a e lwy O " O . S itz rla d one 96 eea w e n IS isa O n n o en e t l og n aio o -g v r mna r a iz t n th tfo sab g a rm rid e I S O1 4 001 ISO SA80 0 0 9000 b twe th p b a dp a s c rs e e n e u lic n riv te e to . Wrld la e td v lo e a dp b h ro In rn tio a S n a s o 's rg s e e p r n u lis e f te a n l ta d rd . d riv dfro th G e . isas s m u itn tfo p d c a d IS " y te a d o r ro u t u it . h te e e n u g . e e m e re k O ma in " q a e n g e u l" . 0 QS9 Wa v rth c u try wa v rth la g a e th s o fo o h te e e o n .
r t Cussomeer Cu tom us foccus fo l Mutuaal Mutu l ef ia beeneiccial b n fi er uppli ssupplier elattion hip rrelaionsship t l Faacuaal F c tu to pproach aapproach to isi deecison d c ion king maaking m adership Leeadership L ht sed on eig ht n eig Ba sed o Ba y qualitty quali nt e managem ent managem s prrnciple s p i inciple olvement Invvolvement In ople offpeeople o p ce ss Prrocess Po pproach aapproach l Continuaal ontinuent C o vem imprrovement imp st Syysem S temto pproach aapproach to nagement Maanagement M .
Principle 1 .
Leaders must set the direction of the organization Leaders must create and maintain internal environment that encourages people to achieve the organization’s objectives Principle 2 .
Must help people to develop and use their abilities Must encourage the involvement of people at all level Principle 3 .
Control Input Activities + Resources Output A desired result is more efficiently achieved when A desired result is more efficiently achieved when resources and activities are managed as a process resources and activities are managed as a process Principle 4 .
Processes – understand interaction Process A Process C Process B Input Output Control Process D .
.Process Any activity that takes “inputs” and converts them to “outputs” Process Approach The systematic identification and management of these activities and the interaction between activities.
Example .Purchasing Process Inputs Inputs Purchasing Purchasing Procedure Procedure • • • • •Storage •Storage •Inspection and •Inspection and Testing Testing •Manufacturing •Manufacturing •Finance •Finance Outputs Outputs Receipt of Receipt of Material on Material on right condition right condition Right Quality Right Quality Right Quantity Right Quantity Right Time Right Time • Demand for • Demand for material material • Item specs • Item specs and Date and Date • Supplier • Supplier source source • Suppliers • Suppliers capability to capability to meet our meet our requirements requirements Interactions to Interactions to • • Performance Measurements Performance Measurements •Delivery status ––On-time. etc spec. On spec. On •Delivery status On-time. etc •Supplier evaluation •Supplier evaluation .
Identifying . understanding and managing a system of interrelated process for a given objective improves the organization effectiveness and efficiency Principle 5 .
C.) DO ACT ISO 9000 CHECK Continual Improvement Principle 6 Continual improvement of the organization's overall performance should be a permanent objective of the organization.Customer Focus PLAN Deming’s Deming’s wheel wheel (P.A.D. .D.C.A.) (P.
The “Plan-Do-Check-Act” Cycle (Deming’s Cycle) .
Effective decisions are based on the analysis of data and information Principle 7 .
An organization and its suppliers are interdependent. and a mutually beneficial relationship enhances the ability of both to create value Principle 8 .
Analysis and Improvement Requirements Input Data Product / Service Realization Output Data Product Service .Continual improvement of the Quality Management System Management Responsibility Satisfaction CUSTOMERS CUSTOMERS Resource Management Measurement.
0 1 Scope 2 Normative reference 3 Terms and definitions 4 Quality management system requirements 5 Management responsibility 6 Resource management 7 Product realization 8 Measurement. analysis and improvement The Structure Introduction .
3) Human resources(6.2) related processes(7.4) Control of NCP(8.3) Monitoring & measurement(8. authority & communication(5.2) Quality policy(5.1) Documentation Requirements(4.6) Improvements(8.3) Purchasing(7.4) Production & service provision(7. 5) Management Reviews (5.3 ) Work environment(6.1) Customer Customer focus (5.2) Design & development(7.System Requirements / Structure of the Standard 4 Quality Management System 5 Management Responsibility 6 Resource Management 7 Product Realization 8 Measurement Analysis & improvement General requirements (4.2) Management Commitment(5.1) Planning(7.5) Control of monitoring & measuring devices(7.4) Analysis of data(8.5) .4) Infrastructures(6.1) Provision of resources(6.1) General (8.2) Planning(5.6) Responsibility.
document .4. implement and maintain a QMS and continually improve its effectiveness in accordance with the standard .1 General requirements Establish .
4. monitor and analyze processes Implement action necessary to achieve planned results & continual improvement .1 General Requirements Determine the processes necessary for QMS Determine the sequence and interaction of processes Determine criteria & methods to ensure effective operation & control of the processes Ensure availability of resources and information needed to support the operation & monitoring of the processes Measure .
4.2 Documentation Requirements General • • • • • Extent Size and type of organization Complexity and interaction of processes Competence of personnel Note3 (Documentation may be in any type of media) • • • To Include Documented procedures required by standard Documents required by organization to ensure effective operation and control process Note 1 (Where the term “documented procedure” appears) • .
4.2 Documentation Requirements
• 4.2.2 Quality Manual – The organization shall establish a Quality Manual that include: • Scope of QMS • Documented procedures or reference to them • Description of interaction between the process of QMS
4.2 Documentation Requirements
4.2.3 Control of Documents
Documents required by the quality management system shall be controlled Documented procedures to: Approve documents prior to issue Review , update as necessary and re-approve documents To identify the changes and the current revision status of documents To ensure documents remain legible , readily identifiable Ensure relevant versions of applicable documents are available at points of use Ensure that the documents of external origin are identified and distribution controlled Obsolete documents are prevented from unintended use and identified if kept for any reason
4.2 Documentation Requirements 4.2.4 Control of Records
Records must be established and maintained Records must be legible , readily identifiable and retrievable Documented procedure for control of identification , storage , retrieval ,retention time and disposition of quality records
5.1 Management Commitment 5.2 Customer Focus 5.3 Quality policy 5.4 Planning – 5.4.1Quality objectives – 5.4.2 Quality Planning
• • •
5.5 Responsibility, authority and communication – 5.5.1 Responsibility & authority – 5.5.2 Management representative – 5.5.3 Internal communication 5.6 Management Review – 5.6.1 General – 5.6.2 Review input – 5.6.3 Review output
– Establishing quality policy and objectives. .1 Management Commitment • Provide evidence of commitment to the development and improvement of QMS by: – Communicating the importance of meeting customer and legal/regulatory requirements. – Management Reviews – Provision of resources.5.
converted into requirements & fulfilled with the aim of achieving customer satisfaction .5.2 Customer Focus • Top Management shall ensure that customer needs & expectations are determined.
5.3 Quality Policy • • Appropriate to the purpose of organization. Commitment to meeting requirements and continual improvements Frame work for establishing and reviewing quality objectives Communicated and understood at appropriate levels Is reviewed for continuing suitability • • • .
4 Planning 5.5.1 Quality Objectives (Cont) • Establish quality objectives at relevant functions and levels • Objectives must be measurable and consistent with the quality policy including the commitment to continual improvement • Include those needed to meet requirements for product .4.
5.4 Planning 5.1 Quality Objectives (Cont) Quality Objectives should be: • Set • Measurable • Achievable • Realistic • Timed .4.
5.4.2 Quality Management System Planning • Identify and plan processes needed to achieve quality objectives • Plan the development of QMS • Plan the implementation of QMS • Plan the improvement of QMS .
5.5.5 Responsibility.1 Responsibility and authority Functions and their interaction. Authority and Communication 5. responsibilities and authorities shall be defined and communicated to facilitate effective quality management .
5.5.2 Management Representative • Member of the management who has responsibility and authority for – ensuring that processes of the QMS are established and maintained – Reporting on performance of QMS including needs for improvement – Promoting awareness of customer needs and requirements • Note: Responsibilities may include liaison with external parties in relation to QMS .
3 Internal Communication • Ensure communication between various levels and functions regarding the processes of the QMS and their effectiveness .5.5.
5.2. .4). – ensure QMS suitability. adequacy and effectiveness – Evaluate the need for changes to QMS including policy and objectives Records from Management Reviews shall be maintained (see 4.6.1 General • Review of QMS by top management at planned interval to.6 Management Review 5.
2 Review Input • Review performance and improvement opportunities related to: – Audit results – Customer feedback – Process performance and product conformance – Status of preventive and corrective actions – Follow up actions from earlier reviews – Change that could affect the QMS – Recommendations for improvement .5.6.
5.6.3 Review Output • Output to include actions related to – improvement of the effectiveness QMS and its processes – improvement of product related to customer requirements – resource needs .
1 Provision of resources 6.• • • • 6.4 Work environment .1 General – 6.3 Infrastructure 6. awareness and training 6.2.2 Human resources – 6.2 Competence.2.
– Enhance customer satisfaction by meeting customer requirements.6. .1 Provision of Resources • The organization shall determine and determine the resources needed for : – implement and maintain the QMS and continually improve its effectiveness.
training.2.1 General • Those who have responsibilities defined in the QMS must be competent on the basis of appropriate education.2 Human Resources 6. skills and experience .6.
2 Competency.6. Awareness and Training • • • • Identify competency needs Provide required training Evaluate the effectiveness of training provided Ensure staff is aware of relevance and importance of their activities and contribution to achieving quality objectives Maintain appropriate records of education. qualification and experience • . training.2.
6. provide and maintain the infrastructure needed to achieve product conformity • This shall include : – Workspace & associated utilities – Equipment.3 Infrastructure • Identify. hardware and software – Supporting services (transport or communication) .
6.4 Work Environment • The organization shall determine and manage the work environment needed to achieve conformity to product requirements. .
5 7.1 7.4 7.7 Product Realization • • • • • • 7.6 Planning of product realization Customer related processes Design & development Purchasing Production & service operation Control of measuring & monitoring devices .2 7.3 7.
resources and facilities specific to the product • Verification and validation activities and acceptance criteria • Records . documentation.1 Planning of Product Realization • Sequence of process to achieve product • Consistent with QMS and documented to suit method of operations • Quality objectives and requirements for the product • The need for processes.7.
2 7.7.2 7.2.3 Customer Related Processes Determination of requirements related to the product Review of product requirements Customer communication .2.2.1 7.
2.7.1 Determination of requirements related to the product • • • • Product requirements specified by the customer including requirements for delivery and postdelivery activities Requirements not specified but necessary for intended or specified use Obligations related to product. including regulatory and legal requirements any additional requirements determined by the organization .
. – Product requirements are defined – For verbal orders requirements are confirmed – Difference between tender and contract are resolved – Organization has ability to meet the requirements – Records of the results arising from the review shall be recorded.2.7.2 Review of requirements related to the product • Review identified requirements and ensure before commitment to supply product that.
contract or order handling. including amendments – Customer feedback including complaints .2.7.3 Customer Communication • Identify and implement arrangements for communication with customers relating to: – product information – inquiry.
3.3.7 Control of design and development changes .3.1 Design & development planning 7.2 Design & development inputs 7.3.3 Design & Development • • • • • • • 7.4 Design & development review 7.3 Design & development outputs 7.3.5 Design & development verification 7.6 Design & development validation 184.108.40.206.
4.1 7.3 Purchasing process Purchasing information Verification of purchased product .4 Purchasing • • • 220.127.116.11.2 7.
7.1 Purchasing Process • Purchased product meets requirements • Type & extend of control depends on effect purchased product may have on realization processes and their output • Selects suppliers based on their ability to supply conforming product • Define criteria for selection and periodic evaluation and re-evaluation of suppliers • Results of evaluation and follow up actions must be recorded .4.
– Quality management system requirements.procedures.4. – Requirements for qualification of personnel.2 Purchasing Information • Purchasing information shall describe the product to be purchased.7. processes and equipment. including where appropriate: – Requirements for approval of product. .
3 Verification of Purchased Product • Identify and implement activities needed to verify purchased product • Where organization or its customer purpose verification at supplier premises.7. . organization must specify in purchasing information: – verification arrangements – method of product release.4.
5.4 Customer Property 7.1 • Control of production and service provision 7.5.5 Preservation of Product • • • .5.2 Validation of processes for production and service provision 18.104.22.168 Production & Service Provision • 7.3 Identification and traceability 7.7.
5.7. delivery and post delivery activities .1 Control of production and service provision Control production & services operations through: • Availability of information specifying product characteristics • Work instructions available where necessary • Use and maintenance of suitable equipment • Availability & use measuring and monitoring devices • Implementation of monitoring activities • Implementation of defined processes for release.
5.2 Validation of Processes Validation arrangements must be defined and must include as applicable – qualification of the process – qualification of equipment and personnel – use of defined methodologies & procedure – requirements for record – re-valuation .7.
3 Identification & Traceability • Where appropriate identify product through all stages of operations • Identify status with respect to measurement & monitoring requirements • Where traceability is required control & record unique identification of product I can not remember .5.7.
5. protection & maintenance of customer property provided for use or incorporation • Any customer property that is lost.7. damaged or found un.4 Customer Property • Care for customer’s property being under organization’s control or being used by organization • Identification. verification.suitable must be recorded & reported to customer • Customer Property tangible / intangible .
5 Preservation of Product • Preserve conformity of product during internal processing and final delivery to intended destination • Include identification.7.5. packaging. storage and protection • This applies to constituent parts of product . handling.
maintenance or storage • Record results of calibration • Assess validity of previous results when devices found to be out of calibration .7.6 Control of monitoring & measuring devices • Calibrate & adjust measuring and monitoring devices at specified intervals as prior to use • Traceability to international or national standards. Where no such standard exist record the basis • Safeguard MMD from adjustments invalidating calibration • Protect MMD from damage or deterioration during handling.
5 Improvement – 8.2.2 Corrective action – 8.5.5. Analysis and Improvement • 8.2.3 Control of nonconforming product • 8.3 Monitoring and measurement of processes – 8.2.2 Monitoring & Measurement – 8.4 Monitoring and measurement of product .8 Measurement.2.1 Customer satisfaction – 8.1 Continual improvement – 8.1 General • 8.5.2 Internal audit – 8.3 Preventive action • 8.4 Analysis of data • 8.
1 General • Define.8. plan & implement measurement and monitoring activities needed to assure conformance and achieve improvement • This include determination of the need and use of applicable methodologies and statistical techniques .
1 Customer Satisfaction • Organization shall monitor information on customer satisfaction and /or dis-satisfaction • The methodologies for obtaining and utilizing such information must be determined 8.2.Monitoring and Measurement 8.2 .
frequency and methodologies performed by personnel not performing audited work .8.2 Internal Audit • Conduct periodic internal audit to determine if QMS: – Conforms to the requirements of the standard – Has been effectively implemented & maintained • Plan the audit program considering: – Status and importance of the activity – results of previous audits • Define audit scope.2.
8.2 Internal Audit • The documented procedure must cover: – Responsibilities & authorities for conducting audits – Ensuring independence – Recording results and reporting to management – Timely corrective actions – Follow up to verify & report implementation of verification results .2.
8. .3 Measurement and Monitoring of Processes • Apply suitable methods for measurement and monitoring of those realization processes necessary to meet customer’s requirements.2.
2.3 Measurement and Monitoring of Product / 19 D FIE RI VE 1 5/0 PA SS ED O LD H .• Measure & monitor product characteristics to verify conformance at appropriate stages of realization processes • Evidence of conformity with the acceptance criteria must be documented. records must indicate the authority responsible for release of product • Release or delivery must not proceed until all the specified activities have been completed unless otherwise approved by the customer 8.
8.3 Control of Non conforming Product • Documented procedures for control of non conforming product to prevent unintended use or delivery • Non conforming product shall be corrected • Re-verify after correction • If non-conformance detected after delivery take appropriate action • It is often required that the proposed rectification be reported for concession to the customer. the end user. regulatory or other body .
8. determine suitability and effectiveness of QMS and to identify improvements that can be made • Data from measurement & monitoring & other related sources • Analyze data provide info on: – Customer satisfaction and/or dissatisfaction – Conformance to customer requirement – Process.4 Analysis of Data • Collect & analyze data. product characteristics and their trends – Suppliers .
5.8.1 Continual improvement • Planning for Continual Improvement • The organization must plan and manage processes necessary for continual improvement of the QMS • Facilitate continual improvement using: – – – – – – quality policy objectives audit results analysis of data corrective actions preventive actions • Management Review .5 Improvement 8.
5.8.2 Corrective Action • Organization must take corrective action to eliminate the causes of non-conformance to prevent recurrence • Action appropriate to the impact of problem • Documented procedures shall define requirements for: – identifying non conformities – determine the causes – evaluating the need for corrective action – determine corrective action needed and implemented – Recording results of action .
3 Preventive Action • Organization must identify preventive action to eliminate the causes of potential non conformances to prevent occurrences • Actions appropriate to the impact of potential problem • Documented procedures must define the requirements for – Identification of potential nonconformances and their causes – Determining and ensuring implementation of preventive action needed – Recording results of action taken .5.8.
• Non-conforming deliveries from vendors. . • Large number of minor non-conformities. • The reoccurrence of a problem with a process or activity.Situation Warranting Corrective Action • Identification of major non-conformance. • Customer Complaints. • Non-conformities observed during audits.
Stages of Corrective & Preventive Action • • • • • REPORTING INVESTIGATION ACTION FOLLOWUP CLOSING .
EXPECTED BENEFITS Transparency in working at all level Data availability : Hidden Factors are open Creates Accountability Planning & scheduling improved Rework & Rejection are known and being controlled Customer feedback through regular surveys Employees Participation enhanced Continuos Improvements Program launched Market Reputation .
Thank You ! .