Surface-conduction electron-emitter display

By DEEPAK S N (1JS06EC028)

‡Common display technologies: Overview CRT LCD PLASMA ‡Surface-conduction electron-emitter display ‡How SED works? ‡Inside SED ‡Comparison between different technologies ‡Prototype models developed ‡Beneficial Features ‡Challenges ‡References


Cathode Ray Tube Earliest displays  A specialized vacuum tube in which images are produced when an electron beam strikes a phosphorescent surface Later RGB colour model for displays in colour monitors Affected by external fields Bulky . high power consumption and heat production .

and are made from a mixture of yttrium and europium. G and B phosphors  The three beams are accelerated and focused by the anode Blue phosphors use zinc sulfide. or gadolinium oxide. .How CRT works? COLOR CRT  Uses R. The red ones are hard to create. while green ones use zinc sulfide and cadmium sulfide.

 LCD has a grid of conductors with pixels located at each intersection in the grid. A current is sent across two conductors on the grid to control the light for any pixel.Liquid Crystal Display Displays thinner than (CRT) technology. LCD s consume much less power Work on the principle of blocking light rather than emitting it. Slow response time  Less viewable angle Difficulty in producing dark and grey colours .

How LCD works  Formed by two glass layers called substrates  One is in charge of columns. and the other is in charge of rows  Liquid crystals are sandwiched in between these two layers  Uses a grid to charge specific pixels  When this happens the crystals untwist and allow light to pass through .

Plasma  Most mature flat panel technology Electrical pulse excite a pixel Wider angle view than LCD Power consumption higher than LCD Complexity Cost greater than LCD Fragile technology : quite easy to damage PC connectivity less common since it is developing .

When they fall back to stable energy level. Glass Display Electrode Phosphor-Coated Cells Address Electrode Pixel .  These ultra-violet photons collide with a phosphor coating and create visible light.Plasma Display ‡ Each pixel is composed of three gas-filled capsules (RGB) that operate on the same principle fluorescent lights. causing some electrons to jump to higher energy levels.  The Xeon and Neon atoms in plasma screens release ultra-violet photons. a photon is emitted. ‡ An electrode grid is used to turn individual pixels on and off. free electrons bombard gas atoms.  When a voltage is applied across the gas.

Buzz into SED ??  Wider angle view !!!!  Lower cost !!!!  Superior picture quality !!!!  Less complexity in overall terms !!!! .

 Millions of miniature CRTs.  ³High quality picture in low centimeter thickness´  Only 3cm thickness ‡Formed in 2004 between Toshiba and Canon ‡Created SED Co. LTD for developing and producing SED technology ‡Canon for electron source technology ‡Toshiba for the display .´ SURFACE CONDUCTION ELECTRON EMITTER DISPLAY µ  Combine CRT into LCD technology. called surface-conduction electron emitters (SCEs) embedded in surface.

where CRTs use one electron gun for the whole screen. SEDs use an electron emitter for each pixel ‡ A SED is an array of Surface-Conduction Electron-Emitters (SCEs). each of which has a separate emitter for RGB Glass Colored Phosphor Electrons Electron Emitters Glass Surface-Conduction Electron-Emitter (SCE) SED .Surface-Conduction Electron-Emitter Display ‡ SEDs work on the same principle as CRTs  One side of a glass is covered in phosphor that lights up when hit by electrons  Electrons are fired at the phosphor to create the picture ‡ However.

and it consists of a layer of carbon with a gap down the center. and the other connects to a positive electrode. ‡One half of the carbon layer connects to a negative electrode. . electrons appear at one side of the gap. ‡When the circuitry delivers about 10 volts of current to the SED works ?? ‡An SCE is microscopic.

Green or Blue aspect of one pixel of the picture. and each one controls the Red. the matrix activates all the SCE s needed to create the picture virtually simultaneously .SCE MATRIX One SCE pixel An SED-TV has millions of these SCE s arranged in a matrix . Rather than directing electrons to create the image one row at a time.

««..... a) Scans the signal b) Decides what to do with the red............. which generate electrons that fly through the vacuum to the screen .. green and blue aspect of each pixel c) Activates the necessary SCE s.....In short««. ««««««tied together ««««««  When the SED-TV receives a signal...

Comparison between different technologies .

Prototype models developed Developed by Canon .

Snaps from sed tv¶s .

Beneficial Features Sharp resolution and fast response(1ms) and only 3cms in thickness  Excellent colour and contrast potential Relatively inexpensive production cost 180º Viewing angle. Extremely low power consumption Lower cost than LCD or PLASMA It can be used in Mobile device display .

not currently massproduced .Challenges Unknown (though optimistic) life expectancy Potential for screen burn-in : but expected to overcome due to phosphor development Currently prototype only expected soon Due to ongoing patent litigation.

Japan www. Wikipedia www. K. Hatanaka . E.howstuffworks. Japan      Audioholics www.References:  Invited Paper: A 36-inch Surface-conduction Electron-emitter Display (SED) T.physorg.. K.Canon Inc. Uzawa SED Inc. Kanagawa. Sasaki. Yamaguchi.. Kanagawa. Oguchi.html .

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