Writing Engineering Abstracts(45

• 簡介背景 (研究建構+研究問題)
• 目標
• 方法
• 歸納希望的結果
• 對特定領域的貢獻
範例一 (1 of 3)
簡介背景 (研究建構+研究問題) As indispensable actuators for auto-
focusing (AF) and zooming, stepping motors are extensively adopted in
digital video cameras (DVCs). Following rising consumer demand for
DVCs in the electronic products market, enhanced properties and
elevated functions play an increasing pivotal role in luring new
customers. Despite their fast dynamic AF access, even the most
advanced DVCs are limited in terms of low power consumption and
inadequate operational efficiency to satisfy consumer demand.
Conventional AF actuators in DVCs are all stepping motors,
subsequently limited by a slow dynamic AF speed, high power
consumption low power efficiency. Moreover, noise interference from a
stepping motor in a DVC is easily recorded into the digital films during
AF operation. 目標 Therefore, this work describes a sliding motor
control (SMC) method based on the position estimation algorithm (PEA)
for use in AF of the linear actuator in a DVC to achieve low power
consumption, high operational efficiency and fast dynamic AF access
範例一 (2 of 3)
方法 A concrete and linear actuator with low power consumption
and high operational efficiency is manufactured for AF in a DVC.
A magneto-resistive (MR) encoder in the linear actuator is then
adopted for use as a position feedback sensor to acquire the
position of the moving part of the linear actuator in AF operation.
Next, an interpolation chip is embedded to enhance the
resolution of a linear actuator in a DVC, attain an enhanced
image and avoid an increasing prime cost of a DVC. Additionally,
the PEA is developed from the MR encoder to determine
accurately the position of the moving part of the linear actuator in
a DVC. 歸納希望的結果及 Analysis results indicate that the
proposed SMC method offers an effective means of positioning
and controlling velocity owing to its many advantages, e.g.,
insensitivity to parameter variations, disturbance rejection and
fast dynamic response.
範例一 (3 of 3)
Hence, the SMC based on the PEA written in a single chip enhances
the control performance in order to increase focusing speed and
accuracy. Additionally, the proposed SMC method can be adopted to
manufacture a linear actuator with low power consumption and high
operational efficiency for AF operation in a DVC. The proposed PEA
also determines accurately the position of a moving part of a linear
actuator in a DVC. Moreover, the SMC method based on use of the
PEA in AF operation in a DVC reduces AF access time by several
microseconds and avoid the recording of acoustic noise interference
into the digital films. 其對特定領域的貢獻 Importantly, the proposed
method is highly promising for use in manufacturing an efficient linear
actuator with low power consumption and high operational efficiency for
AF operation in DVC rapidly. Furthermore, the AF system with a linear
actuator has a fast dynamic AF speed and limited acoustic noise
範例二 (1 of 3)
簡介背景 (研究建構+研究問題) Inventory refers to the stock of any
organizational-related item or resource. All firms maintaining an
inventory supply can satisfy demand with respect to product variation.
However, a large inventory may incur long product cycle times.
Additionally, the proportion of inventory and setup costs of a production
line to the total operational fund in a company is extremely high,
highlighting the importance of developing a more economic inventory
order model to satisfy production requirements. The economic
production quantity (EPQ) model derives an optimal production lot size
that minimizes overall inventory costs for a single item. However, a
situation in which multiple items are scheduled on a single facility does
not ensure a feasible EPQ solution for each individual item in order to
prevent stock depletion during the production cycle. The rotation cycle
policy assumes that exactly one setup is available for each product
during each cycle. Additionally, all products are manufactured in the
same sequence during each production cycle. Despite its feasibility, the
rotation cycle approach is not optimal in terms of minimizing overall
production costs.
範例二 (2 of 3)
目標 Therefore, this work presents a process optimization procedure,
capable of modifying the production cycle time based on the rotation
cycle method. During each cycle, products may have more than one
setup. A solution procedure can determine the appropriate cycle length,
number of setups for each item, scheduling constraints and total
inventory cost function. Via this procedure, each item cycle can be
close to the prime solution derived from the EPQ model. 方法 The
model framework is devised in contrast with the rotation cycle policy.
The policy is then adjusted to identify how each item is related with
respect to optimal cycle time. Next, feasibility of the proposed model is
verified, with desired changes made accordingly. Additionally, a recycle
time formula, conditions of model constraints and total cost formula are
established. Examining the rule by iteration facilitates an analysis of the
rationality and validity of these models. Moreover, a case study
demonstrates its feasibility, along with a comparison made to the
solution of the primal rotation cycle. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis is
performed to demonstrate how alternation cycle time influences total
範例二 (3 of 3)
歸納希望的結果及 Analysis results indicate that the proposed algorithm
resolves the EPQ and rotation cycle problem of multiple items for a
production facility. According to the numerical analysis of a case study,
the proposed procedure reduces the overall cost more than the rotation
cycle policy does. In doing so, the setup cost and setup time is
integrated into the proposed algorithm. Additionally, production line
facilities are upgraded by centralizing the idle times simultaneously,
thus ensuring their efficiency, e.g., routine maintenance and flexibility in
production scheduling. 其對特定領域的貢獻 Importantly, the proposed
procedure resolves problems involving multiple items for a single facility.
Consequently, production management can construct a feasible
solution under multiple items on a single facility. Additionally, a larger
ratio for multiple production time for one item to another implies more
benefits acquired for the proposed algorithm. Determining production
quintiles is often referred to as a trade-off problem, in which the
formulae attempt to minimize cost, reduce inventory costs, enhance
product quality and increase corporate profits.
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