A Presentation on ´DakNetµ



What is DakNet ?
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ An ad hoc network Uses wireless technology Provides digital connectivity Takes advantage of existing transportation and communication infrastructure

.INTRODUCTION ‡ Now a days it is very easy to establish communication from one part of the world to another. Despite this even now in remote areas villagers travel to talk to family members or to get forms which citizens in developed countries an call up on a computer in a matter of seconds.

DakNet Architecture ‡ Main components: Hub Kiosk Mobile Access Point .

ICT ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Information and Communication Technology Does not rely on real time connectivity Affordable and interactive Asynchronous mode of communication Example: Voice mail E-mail Electronic bulletin board .

Challenges to ICT ‡ Ratio of communication infrastructure costs to income is many times larger in developing countries ‡ High cost and limited access are the main obstacles to telephone services ‡ High dependence on technicians ‡ Higher price and lower quality due to monopoly ‡ Limited human capacity. expensive hardware etc .

‡ Ad-hoc networks require a peer-to-peer architecture.AD-HOC NETWORK ‡ An ad-hoc wireless network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control. which changes over time. and the topology of the network depends on the location of the different users. .

DAKNET IN ACTION ‡ Daknet combines physical means of transportation with wireless data transfer to extend the internet connectivity. . ‡ Local entrepreneurs currently are using DakNet connections to make e-services like e-mail and voice mail available to residents in rural villages.




DakNet implemented bus .

DakNet implemented Bike ‡ Motormen are e.postmen hired locally that ride their motorbikes between the central hub and surrounding schools .

Role in developing countries ‡ ICT becoming less dependent on expensive physical infrastructure ‡ Offer same rates for local as well as international call ‡ Countries Do not have to invest heavily in R&D themselves ‡ implementing this: India Cambodia Costa Rica Rwanda .

offices remotely from kiosk ‡ Managed by trained operator ‡ Saves time and money of poor ‡ Determined that computers and available connectivity were enough to capture. and receive information electronically ‡ Constrained by India¶s lack of a viable communications infrastructure .Drishtee ‡ Provides e-government platform ‡ Lets villagers interact with local govt. send.

centre and back again ‡ Labour-intensive .Sneaker Net ‡ Used in Drishtee ‡ Asynchronous approach to connectivity ‡ Involves transporting and swapping floppy disks from village to govt.

Bhoomi ‡ An e.governance project ‡ An initiative to computerize land records ‡ DakNet makes Bhoomi¶s land records database available to villages up to 40 km away from Bhoomi¶s district headquarters .

How does it works? ‡ Govt bus with DakNet MAP to transport land record requests from each village kiosk to taluka server ‡ The server processes requests and outputs land records ‡ Bus then delivers records to each village kiosk ‡ Kiosk manager prints them out and collects 15 rupees per land record. ‡ Bus passes by hub and stops at each village six times per day .

FMS ‡ First Mile Solution ‡ Co.000 villagers through various projects .founders Richard Fletcher and Amir Alexander Hasson ‡ Provides telecommunication equipment that can cheaply connect rural and remote populations to Internet through innovative technology ‡ Reaches 40.

Business Model ‡ The business model of FMS is consistent with the core concepts of the base of the pyramid (BOP) ‡ Views 4 billion people who earn less than $1500 a year .

By mounting a wireless card on a vehicle that travels around to remote villages and exchanges updated information with each kiosk it encounters through WiFi. ‡ Daknet allows rural villages to exchange messages and video through a mobile ISP. .ADVANTAGE ‡ Awareness about the technological advantages.



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