# --The Wireless Electricity.

PRABAL VARSHNEY EC ± 3rd YEAR 3G-1 0806331067

What is witricity? 
Witricity is nothing but wireless electricity. Transmission of electrical energy from one object to another without the use of wires is called as Witricity. Because of Witricity some of the devices won't require batteries to operate.

It was probably the sixth time that month that MIT Professor Marin Soljacic was awakened by his mobile phone beeping battery low. At that time it occurred to him that there is electricity wired all through his house. officeeverywhere.how it is possible to use electricity without using wires« . He think about. The story started late one night a few years ago..

electricity Electro magnetism magnetism Magnetic induction basics Resonant magnetic coupling RESONANCE Energy coupling .

 Electromagnetism is one of the four fundamental interactions of nature. the areas in which this happens are called electromagnetic fields  Energy/Power Coupling: Energy coupling occurs when an energy source has a means of transferring energy to another object . It is the force that causes the interaction between electrically charged particles. along with strong interaction. weak interaction and gravitation. Electromagnetic induction is the production of voltage across a conductor moving through a magnetic field.

These are known as the system's resonant frequencies (or resonance frequencies). At these frequencies. . Resonance :is the tendency of a system to oscillate with larger amplitude at some frequencies than at others. Resonant coupling occurs when the natural frequencies of the two objects are approximately the same. even small periodic driving forces can produce large amplitude oscillations  Resonant Magnetic Coupling: Magnetic coupling occurs when two objects exchange energy through their varying or oscillating magnetic fields.

The Transfer of Electricity from one place to another without wires is known as ³Witricity´. . There is witricity power sources(transmitter) and capture devices(receiver). Power source and capture devices are specially designed magnetic resonators. Magnetic resonators efficiently transfer power over mid-range distance via the magnetic near-field. Power source provides power to the devices where as capture device captured it to work.

Near field energy is non radiative . .How does Witricity Work? Near field Near field is a wireless transmission technique over distances comparable to or a few times the diameter of devices.but some radiative and resistive losses will occur. Near field is usually magnetic.

while interacting weakly with living beings and other environmental objects. It exchange energy strongly . Coupled resonators are said to be operate in strongly coupled regime to avoid material absorption and radiative loss.Coupled resonators Two resonant objects of the same resonant frequency tend to exchange energy. .

by researchers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. wirelessly power a 60W light bulb with 40% efficiency at a 2 meters (6. was conducted in the year 2006.6 ft) distance using two 60 cm-diameter coils .at MIT. led by Prof.MIT teams behind witricity technology The first experiment of witricity. Marin Soljacic. The Assistant Professor of this team of researchers was Marin Soljacic. the concept of wireless electricity. 2007: A physics research group.

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Bulb is connected to capture device. Yellow lines represent the flow of energy from the source to the capture coil. The magnetic field can wrap around the obstacle between power source and capture coil.Diagram of power source and capture device Power source is connected to ac power. . This powers light bulb. Blue lines represent the magnetic near field induced by the power source.

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Witricity technology is more than  Traditional magnetic induction. Radiative power transfer. .

Used in power transformers.  conductive coils transmit power to each other wirelessly. over very short distance. An electric tooth brush uses traditional magnetic induction to recharge its batteries .

Radio frequency energy is used for wireless power transfer. Microwave oven utilizes radiation to cook foods . Harmful. Radiated power is wasted into free space Need line of sight.

Features and benefits Witricity¶s Technology Highly resonant strong coupling Energy transfer via magnetic near field Non radiative energy transfer Scalable design Flexible geometry Technology Benefit High efficiency over distance Can penetrate and wrap around obstacles Safe for living beings and other environmental objects From Mw to kW Device that can fit into OEM (original equipment manufactures)products .

mobile robots.Applications  Direct wireless power interconnections and automatic wireless charging for implantable medical devices .  Automatic wireless charging and for high tech military systems.  Direct wireless powering and automatic wireless charging of smartcards. etc. .  Direct wireless powering and automatic wireless charging ofconsumer Appliance.

Does not interfere with radio waves. Wastage of power is small . Negative health implications. .ADVANTAGES No need of line of sight. Highly efficient than electromagnetic induction Less costly. No need of power cables and batteries.

Limitations resonance condition should be satisfied and if any error exists.  The  If there is any possibility of very strong ferromagnetic material presence. . it causes low power transfer due to radiation. there is no possibility of power transfer.

. In line with this vision it would be safe to assume that one day a person would be able to walk into a bar of coffee shop and would not only be able to have instant access to the internet but would also enjoy any devices they have on them being powered or charging automatically. it was revolutionary.CONCLUSION When Wi-Fi and wireless internet as we know it was first developed in the early 1990s. no more than twenty years later it is commonplace and mundane. Now.

answers.witricitypower.mit.REFERENCES www.com/topic/electromagnetic-induction http://www.edu/newsoffice/2007/wireless-0607.techgadgets.org/networkresearch/2007/witricity http://web.html .asquare.com/ http://www.in/wireless/2007/08/witricity-wirelesselectricity-technology-demonstrated-by-mit/ http://www.

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