Operating system windows XP installation

An Operating System?
What is an Operating System? y An interface between users and hardware y A program that acts as an intermediary between a user of a computer and the computer hardware.
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LAYERS OF A SYSTEM

An Operating System?
What is the purpose of an operating system? y An environment "architectureµ y To provide an environment in which a user can execute programs.
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& y Efficient to use (parallel activities. avoids wasted cycles) y .An Operating System? What are the goals of an Operating System? y Allows convenient & efficient usage to make the computer system convenient to use (hides the tedious stuff).

An Operating System? What are the goals of an Operating System? y Provides information protection y Gives each user a slice of the resources y Acts as a control program. y .

Users: (people. . video games. Applications programs : Define the ways in which the system resources are used to solve the computing problems of the users (compilers. business programs). other computers). machines. database systems. Operating system: controls & coordinates the use of the hardware among the various application programs for the various users. memory. I/O devices).An Operating System? y y y y y y y y Hardware : provides basic computing resources (CPU.

MS Win) Internet Browser .Parts of an Operating System y y y y y y y y y Memory Management IO Management CPU Scheduling IPC MultiTasking/Multiprogramming File System Multimedia Support GUI (X Windows.

considerable effort goes into this support.MEMORY / STORAGE Very fast storage is very expensive. y So the Operating System manages a hierarchy of storage devices in order to make the best use of resources. In fact. y .

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y . Used for speed improvement by putting together a number of off the shelf processors. Used for scientific applications.OPERATING SYSTEM OVERVIEW Some Characteristics include: y Time Sharing: Multiprogramming environment that's also interactive. y Multiprocessing:Tightly coupled systems that communicate via shared memory.

y .OPERATING SYSTEM OVERVIEW Distributed Systems: y Loosely coupled systems that communicate via message passing. Used in control of applications where rapid response to a stimulus is essential. reliability. speed up. communication. y Real Time Systems: y Rapid response time is main characteristic. Advantages include resource sharing.

Step by step installation of O/S Operating system installation y Configuration y Driver software installation y Network configuration y .

Step by step installation of O/S If you have to make the new Installation of Windows XP. y If it is not then it can be set in BIOS to make CDROM is 1st Bootable device. You can use this as guide lines for the installation. these slides are brief and step by step. y I am assuming that your system is able to boot from CD ROM. y .

Step by step installation of O/S Check in your BIOS that Booting from CD ROM is enabled or first try to Boot from CD ROM is Enabled.Windows 2000 y Reset the Computer and you will see the first Post screen. y . y Insert your licensed CD of Windows XP.

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that "Setup is loading Files´ (loading all type of device drivers): . the typical Microsoft "blue Installation screenµ is displayed. with "Windows Setup" displayed at the top and at the bottom of the screen the information.Step by step installation of O/S y After a brief delay.

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Step by step installation of O/S y It will finally state : ´Setup is starting Windowsµ & will display after a short delay the ´Windows XP Professional Setupµ screen : .

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Select the type of disk formatting : FAT or NTFS y FAT: Possible to access from a DOS-boot floppy. but limited to max. y . no Security features. you have additional options to leave the current disk formatting intact). 4 GByte with very inefficient file-storage (cluster-size of 64 KByte).Step by step installation of O/S If you install XP into an already existing partition.

y .Step by step installation of O/S NTFS: Not accessible from a DOS-boot floppy. I suggest to use NTFS : make your choice (highlight) and select it by pressing ENTER. you should use at least a 4 G.Byte partition. able to use File-System Security features. but NOT limited in size and using an efficient filestorage with a small cluster-size. y Windows XP requires a lot of disk-space for itself.

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you should use the button "Customize. to make sure that you can enter in the following steps of the setup/installation properly the information ..Step by step installation of O/S y You can adjust regional settings for example if you install an English version of Windows XP in a different country and the keyboard layout/language is not the same language as your copy of Windows XP.´ and configure the proper keyboard.

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but UNIQUE name (like : LABPC2.Step by step installation of O/S Based on the organization (define above). with complex name ´to make sure that the name will be unique in a network configurationµ. y Change it to an easy to understand . Since this name will be used later inside the ´My Network placesµ.LABPC3 etc ). y . Setup creates a name for your computer. write it down ! ). make sure that you remember it (to be save. y If you enter a password for the Administrator Account.

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Windows Installed Now .

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