Anil Kumar Mishra LIO, NCHRC, NIHFW New Delhi

Different Names
Knowledge Society Information Society Post-industrial Society Third Wave

Fluid mix of : framed experience,values,contextual information and expert insight that provides framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information. It originates, and is applied in the minds of knowers. In organisations, it gets embodied in documents, repositories, organisational routines, processes, practices and norms

It exists in different embodiments but it is generated as a cognitive process in the intellect of a person It is information integrated experience, reflected upon and interpreted in a particular context It is intangible, boundary less, dynamic, renewable, re-usable and an accumulating asset

Organised group of persons associated together for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic or other purposes It is a highly structured system of human organisation for large scale community living, security and a national identity, e.g., Indian Society

Knowledge Society
A society which derives its form from a knowledge economy

Agrarian Society-Lasted for 10,000 years Industrial Society- Lasted for 300 years Knowledge Society- Time span of changes is within decades

Agrarian Society
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Agriculture predominant form of occupation Progress quite slow Social structure simple Landed gentry were the power foci Scarce resources Folk arts, crafts and music were the past times

Industrial Society

Majority of the workforce involved in production Triggered by industrial revolution in Great Britain Power foci moved away land-owners to owners of industries Complex social structures

Knowledge Society

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Majority of the workforce involved in service industries Human knowledge is the source of power ICT has made an influence on all aspects Convergence of computers, communication technologies, and media technologies Material advancement due to research Unequal distribution of wealth in the society

Factors Responsible
Knowledge explosion, dissemination, distribution, accessibility, and availability Globalisation of trade, commerce and business, polity Caused by intellectual activity resulting in new knowledge due to research in science and technology

Types of Knowledge
Knowledge of Individuals
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Explicit knowledge Tacit Knowledge In nature In man made things

Embedded Knowledge
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Categories of Knowledge Workers
Information Producers- Create new knowledge and package existing knowledge in appropriate form Information Processors- Act further by taking some action on the information Information Distributors- Responsible for conveying information from initiator to recipient Information Technologist- Responsible for installation, operation and repair of machines and technologies

Knowledge Industry
Content Services Content Packages Facilitation Services Information Technologies Integrating Technologies Communication Technologies Communication Channels Broadcast channels

Life in a Knowledge Society
High standard of living Instant access to knowledge and information Increasing consumerism Influence of mass media, leisure industry and show business

Is Indian Society a Knowledge Society?
Fast changing phenomena Consumerism Trends towards knowledge society: Pitfalls and progress Digital Divide

Impact on Education and Training
ICT has made an impact on teaching and learning at all levels Has changed the economics of education from being labour intensive to capital intensive People in education should be able to deliver yields out of knowledge Shifting of responsibilities to impart education from conventional education institutes to govt. organisations, business houses and non-profit organisations

Varying demands for accessing information and knowledge Require innovative skills to organise and deliver information satisfying user requirements Number of institutions and specialists involved in satisfying these needs, LIS Professionals are one of them


While the situation in a knowledge society is a challenge, it is once a splendid opportunity to acquaint ourselves creditably with distinction

SWOT Analysis
S- Strengths W-Weaknesses O- Opportunities T- Threats

Education and Training  Exposure and Experience in live situations  Expertise  Intellectual contributions  Research and Development

Communication skills Interaction with subject specialists in academic research, industry and business, government establishments, etc. Understanding of the ramifications of subjects. Communication with specialists to gain credibility in the effort to serve them

Inadequate budgets and staffing Arbitrary cuts in budgets and staffing Poor societal recognition of the profession Lack of appreciation of the value of library and information services in contributing to organisational growth

Information and knowledge today are vital resources for growth and development LIS Profession is the oldest profession handling information and knowledge Many other professions have entered the area of handling information and knowledge LIS Professionals should not allow themselves to be elbowed out

Threats from professionals in journalism, media, computer and telecommunications They stand a far more greater acceptance in the public mind than LIS professionals, as they are closer to the user community or more sophisticated in their endeavours

Institutions that were manned by LIS professionals are getting replaced by persons from Management disciplines or Computer and Telecommunication specialists.

Learning while we are in courses with a viewpoint that it has to be applied later to serve the users Continuous learning
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On the job Short term courses Seminars/ Conferences While providing service

Be innovative in providing services Be extroverts, constantly interacting with our users Make conscious efforts to improve communication skills Adopt IT to improvise and innovate in services

Demand and Supply Analysis
Role of :
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Faulty Librarian Associations
 National  State

Service Role in Societal Transformation Public Library

Objectives Curriculum
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Student Admission Syllabus Teaching Faculty

Level of course Demands of the Profession Local Conditions

Coming by choice Motivated Societal Recognition

Demand based Testing competencies

Topics/ Areas linked to requirements Continuous revision Core Optionals- linked to job placement and requirements

Student centered Resource based Discussion method Case studies Role playing Library as laboratory

Teaching Research Domain specialist Practicing librarian

Faculty Training
Job hours in the library Summer training Intensive training

Library Vendor Publisher Schools

Specialization among Schools
Course Programme Research

Research Teaching Material Recorded Lectures Leading to KM

Any Questions?

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