EDGE Introduction


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EDGE Features Modulation & Coding Schemes Packet handling Impact of EDGE on GPRS Requirements on EDGE EDGE Protocols Benefits of EDGE EDGE data applications Market potential

. . .EDGE Features . . .5G. ie GPRS EDGE is also known as Enhanced GPRS. EDGE acts as a bolt-on enhancement to 2G and 2. . a superset to GPRS Can carry data speeds up to 384 Kbps in packet mode Meet the ITU's requirement for a 3G network EDGE requires no H/W changes in GSM core networks BSSs must be modified EDGE can be introduced in two ways : 1) Packet-switched enhancement (called EGPRS) 2) Circuit-switched data enhancement (called ECSD).

easier to introduce than GPRS . behave in the same way. GPRS & EDGE share the same packet-handling protocols and.EDGE Features Technical Differences .GPRS and EDGE  GPRS and EDGE have different protocols  On core network. therefore.  EDGE is only an "add-on" to BSS.

EDGE Features Technical Differences .6 kbps Spectrum 200 kHz 200 kHz 200 kHz Services Voice and circuit data services Packet data services Packet data services .GPRS and EDGE Technology GSM/HSCSD GPRS EDGE Data Rates 9.6 to 57.6 kpbs 473.6 kbps 171.

Modulation & Coding Schemes EDGE Modulation Technique .

 EDGE coding schemes are a mixture of both GMSK and 8PSK.  Every symbol that is transmitted represents one bit  To achieve higher bit rates. . the modulation method requires change  Modulation standard selected for EDGE is 8PSK to reuse the channel structure. channel coding and the existing mechanisms and functionality of GPRS and HSCSD  8PSK is a linear modulation method in which three consecutive bits are mapped onto one symbol in the I/Q plane.  Total data rate is therefore increased by a factor of three.Modulation & Coding Schemes EDGE Modulation Technique  Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK) used in GSM is a kind of phase modulation. channel width. than those available in GSM/GPRS.

Modulation & Coding Schemes EDGE Coding schemes EDGE uses 9 Modulation Coding Schemes ( MCS1 to MCS9 ) MCS1 to MCS4 use GMSK. whereas MCS5 to MCS9 use 8PSK Packet sent with MCS5 to MCS9 that is not properly received. can be retransmitted with MCS1 to MCS4 (lower coding scheme) .

Modulation & Coding Schemes EDGE Coding schemes .

Modulation & Coding Schemes EDGE Coding schemes .

.Packet handling Packet transfer and retransmission for GPRS.

 GPRS MS replies with a packet downlink acknowledged/ unacknowledged message  Based on link quality information. EDGE has the ability to retransmit a packet that has not been decoded properly with a more robust coding scheme .  GPRS terminal receives data from the network on the downlink.Packet handling Packet transfer and retransmission for GPRS. BTS decides to send next radio blocks  After the packets have been transmitted. link adaptation algorithm will adapt the CS to the new radio environment  Link adaptation requires careful selection of CS to avoid retrans. the network polls for a new measurement report that tells the network which radio blocks were received correctly.  Based on measurement report.

GPRS Before a sequence of coded radio link control packets can be transmitted over the Um interface.Packet handling Addressing window . the packet sending process can run out of addresses after 64 packets If so. After transmission of sequence of packets. the protocol between the terminal and the network stalls . the transmitter must address the packets with an identification number numbered from 1 to 128. the TX asks RX to verify the correctness of the packets received by ACK/NACK report. Since packets are limited to 128 and addressing window is 64.

the addressing numbers have been increased to 2048 and window has been increased to 1024 to minimize risk for stalling. EDGE minimizes the risk for re-transmitting low-layer capability frames and prevents decreased throughput .EDGE In EDGE.Packet handling Addressing window .

EDGE standardization can be divided in three areas: 1. . EDGE. Protocol changes for ECSD and 3. EDGE can be deployed with limited investments and within a short time frame. the impact on GPRS network is limited to BSS With simple upgrade. Standardization of the physical layer changes (definition of the modulation and coding schemes) 2.Impact of EDGE on GPRS Standardization Due to the minor differences.

Requirements on EDGE Standardization  Standardization of EDGE was restricted to the physical layer  EDGE.  EDGE.and non-EDGE-capable MSs should be able to share and the same time slot.  Partial introduction of EDGE should be possible. .and non-EDGE-capable transceivers should be deployable in the same spectrum.  EDGE enables bit rates that are approximately 3 times higher than standard GPRS bit rates Two classes of terminals should be supported by EDGE standard: A terminal that provides 8PSK capability in the downlink only A terminal that provides 8PSK in the uplink and downlink.

and the central control unit is always placed in the base station .Requirements on EDGE Architecture ‡ EDGE does not bring about any direct architecture impacts ‡ PCU may still be placed either in BSC or the GPRS support node.

EDGE Protocols User plane protocols Protocols that are influenced by the introduction of EDGE are shaded .

Benefits of EDGE Capacity and performance  EDGE introduces a new modulation technique  Allows the use of existing frequencies (800. 900. 1800 & 1900 MHz)  Simple improvements of the existing GPRS protocols  S/W upgrades in BSS enable use of the new protocol  New transceiver units in BS enable use of new modulation technique  EDGE triples the capacity of GPRS  Capacity boost enables new services such as MMS  Attract new subscribers and increase an operator¶s customer base .

. together will sustain a need for 3G network coverage and capacity Rolling out the two technologies in parallel enables faster time to market for new high-speed data services as well as lower capital Expenditures Fast. which in turn can lead to increased market share.Benefits of EDGE Complementary technology EDGE & WCDMA are complementary technologies. easy rollout means shorter time to market.

EDGE data applications Enhanced Applications Dominant data networking protocol. is TCP/IP & IP EDGE is an ideal bearer for any packet switched application such as an Internet connection. EDGE is an Internet sub-network that has wireless access Internet¶s point of view. EDGE is just one sub-network among many others . End user¶s point of view. on which most data network applications are running.

EDGE data applications Typical EDGE applications  On-line E-mail  Web  Enhanced short messages  Wireless imaging with instant pictures  Video services  Document and information sharing  Surveillance  Voice over Internet  Broadcasting. .

E. require a constant bit rates. .EDGE data applications Enhanced Circuit Switched Data Applications like FAX and VIDEO. while applications like WEB.MAIL can work with variable bit rates ™ E-mail download and upload ™ Bandwidth-secure mobile high speed LAN access ™ File transfer ™ Vertical applications such as document transfer ™ Real-time applications with constant bit rate and time delay ™ Time-critical wireless imaging ™ Mobile videophony ™ Video on demand ™ Live video streaming.

EDGE will provide a competitive advantage  EDGE also enables data capacity to be deployed when and where demand dictates. non-voice services will account for 1/3 or more of GSM traffic and revenues  EDGE provides a boost to data speeds using the existing GSM network.Market potential  Gradually. minimizing the investment. allowing the operator to offer personal multimedia applications before the introduction of UMTS  Subscribers demand a full set of high-speed services and shorter response times. .

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