Brain Computer Interface

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Outlines
What is BCI? y How does it work? y Brain Wave Control y Simple introduction of the brain y Data Acquisition y Apps y Drawbacks & Future y Q&A
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You can make it with BCI

What is BCI? .

y Brain -Computer Interface -Direct Neural Interface or Brain-Machine Interface y Direct communication pathway between a brain and an external device. Research on BCIs began in the 1970s at the University of California Los Angeles y .

How does it work? y Signal Acquisition y Signal Processing y Devices .

Brain Wave Control .

Brain Wave Control y Active (8 ² 12 Hz): relaxed/reflecting (12 ² 30 Hz): alert/working .Misjudgment .Training .

Brain Wave Control y Passive Evoked potentials .

Brain Wave Control y Passive Evoked potentials .

Brain Wave Control y Passive Evoked potentials .

Simple introduction of the brain Focus on cortex .

Cerebral cortex Midbrain x Cerebellum .

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Structure of the cortex .

Cortex( ) .

Primary Somatosensory Cortex ~ y Primary Motor Cortex ~ y Motor Association Cortex y .

y Sensory Association Area Visual Association Area Visual Cortex Wernicke's Area y y y .

y y Prefrontal Cortex Speech Center (Broca¶s Area) Auditory Cortex Auditory Association Area y y .

Data Acquisition .

Data Acquisition Invasive BCIs y Non-Invasive BCIs y Partially-Invasive BCIs y Wireless BCIs y .

Invasive BCIs Implanted: grey matter y Signals: highest quality y Scar-tissue build-up y Target: y repairing damaged sight providing new functionality to persons with paralysis x Artificial Vision System .

Electrode Arrays .

.App.App.Artificial Vision 4X4 16 pixels 8X8 64 pixels 12X12 144 pixels 16X16 256 pixels 32X32 1024 pixels 128X128 16384 pixels .

NonNon-Invasive BCIs poor signal resolution y power muscle implants and restore partial movement y Interfaces y EEG MEG MRI .

U. Sensors Shielded Room .D.Q.I.MEG Magnetoencephalography y Magnetic Field: 10-15T ~10-13T (Weak!!) y S.

Magnetic Field .

PartiallyPartially-Invasive BCIs Implanted: skull y lower risk of forming scar-tissue in the brain y Signal quality between invasive BCIs & non-invasive BCIs y .

Wireless BCIs More practical y Embedding multiple chips y More complicated thoughts Transmission with RF y key requirement: keep the heat down y .

Wireless BCIs Size: 2cm in diameter 8cm thick y Low cost y Receive Distance: 10m ~ 50m y .

Examples of BCI .

Rats implanted with BCIs in Theodore Berger·s experiments Berger· .

Monkey operating a robotic arm with BCIs .

Controlling a robotic dog with BCI .

A man operates the computer with his EEG .

A man operates the computer with his EEG .

P300->300ms .

Disadvantages y Headache Exhausting Laziness Degenerate y y .

Future y Integrate with different territory From lab to factory Nursing and medical treatment y y .

libertytimes.tw/life/98drum/98drum17.htm http://hi.htm http://www.References y y y y y http://spectrum.seeingwithsound.com/etumble.ctust.edu.ieee.org/biomedical/devices/thebrainmachine-interface-unplugged/0 http://www.tw/2007/new/may/24/today -life3.com.php/%E8%85%A6 %E6%A9%9F%E4%BB%8B%E9%9D%A2%28BCI%29 .com.pdf http://www.yct.tw/mediawiki/index.

Q&A .

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