Standards and Conformity Assessment Bodies of the United States

[version 2006-07-21]

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Standards and Conformity Assessment Bodies of the U.S.

Introductory note: The information contained in this presentation was compiled by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) in collaboration with the ANSI membership which includes many of the private and public sector entities of the U.S. standardization and conformity assessment systems. The primary purpose of the chart is to attempt to portray, in high-level, block diagram form, the entities of the standards and conformity assessment systems of the United States, their and primary interrelationships and relationships to international and regional organizations – on one slide. The U.S. systems are complex, and so subsequently is the chart. While many organizations have many subdivisions, only those subdivisions most directly related to standards and conformity assessment are shown. The chart is one perspective of the systems, with emphasis on identification and representation of the various entities. The chart would look different if the entities were drawn proportional to their relative work volumes in the systems, or if they were drawn proportional to their respective standards and conformity assessment revenues or budgets. Such a representation will have inaccuracies which will require correction. The chart is a work in progress and we welcome comments and suggestions for consistent improvement for purposes of accuracy and education. Thank you, The ANSI International Policy Department Please send comments or suggestions to: info@ansi.org

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Services) Certified Personnel ANSs (American National Standards) Non-ANS Standards US Private & Government Sectors: Organizations.Standards and Conformity Assessment Bodies of the U.S. Individuals. Companies. Educational Institutions.A. Government. Others )n )n Legend Regional International Cabinet Departments Executive Office Of the President Other Agencies DOL OSHA DHS FEMA DOE ES&H NHTS DOT A FDA State EB CIP Treasury NASA TSP USDA DOD DSP DOEd USTR USPS CPSC DOC OMB HUD HHS NRC GSA NSF EPA FCC FTC DOJ DOI ITC VA Government Non-Government Program / Body .B A2LA AIC * Institute policy committees & councils USNC Board Members NVCASE NVLAP NCSCI ISO/IEC 17025 ISO/IEC Guides 62 / 66 (17021) ISO/IEC Guide 65 ISO/IEC 17024 Essential Requirements ANSI Accredited Laboratories ANAB accredited QMS/EMS Certifiers ANSI accredited Product Certifiers ANSI accredited Personnel Certifiers SDOs with ANSI accredited procedures Inquiry point TBT SPS (StandardizationSPS) FA USD A Inquiry point O CODEX IPPC OIE (StandardizationTelecom) ICSP (Members) FAS APEC-TEL CITEL ITU Other SDOs ITU Sector Members ITAC ACICIP APEC/ SCSC TPSC SC-S&TB FSIS USCO APHIS PPQ o t az d adna S i i r t ( WTO Tested Products (Processes. Consumers. Services) o t ac fi tr e C i i ( ITAC16 ) g n t s eT i ( US Private Sector SSOs & Consortia without ANSI accreditatio n QMS/EMS Certified Product/ Service Providers Certified Products (Processes. APLMF OIML SIM (Metrology) (Accreditation of Laboratories) Recognition (via ISO/IEC 17011) (Accreditation of Certifiers) PAC IAAC IAF Accreditatio n ASQ (Accreditation of Certifiers) COPANT PASC (Standardization ) NSBs Other iSDOs APMP BIPM APLAC ILAC Others ESOs ISO JTC1 IEC DOC ITA Standards Liaison (Accreditation of Laboratories) ANSI (Accreditation of SDOs) ACLASS MAS MAC US&FCS 200+ FCS Officers worldwide including 4 Regional Standards Attachés IAS Laboratories / Metrology TS SSD Others NIST PRI-Nadcap TA NACLA Standardizati on Policy CAPC IPC NPC IPRPC Technical US IEC ISO IEC TAGs TAGs TAGs USNC IEC IEC IEC TAGs TAGs TAGs FQS-I AIHA L. Trade Associations.

ANSI Accredited Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs) 3-A ASC X9 ASA ACCA AMCA ARI ATIS AA AAMA AAMVA ABMA ABYC ABMA ACC ACI ADA AFPA AGA AGMA AH&LA AIHA AIAA AISC AITC AISI ALI ANS ANLA API ASNT ASQ ASAE ASB ASCE ASHRA E ASME ASSE AWWA AWS AWEA ATA ACMI ASIS AIIM AMT NPES AAMI ACDE AHAM ARMA ASTM AIM AGRSS ALI BHMA BICSI BOMA BIFMA CCPA CSAA CAPA CLSI CFPMI CAP CPA CAGI CGA CAM-I CEA CSPA CEMA CTI CSA DISA DASMA EIMA EASA EIA ESTA EIA EOS/ ESD FCI FM GTEEM C GICC GEIA GEI HPVA HIBCC HL7 HPS HFES HI IESNA ITSDF IEEE IEST IIE INMM 12AMA IAF IAAMC IAPMO ICPA ICC ITI NETA I3A IIAR ISEA ISA ISANTA IWCA IPC ISA JCSEE KCMA LIA MSS MHI MBC NACE NAHBR C NAAMM NBBPVI NBFAA NCMA NCSL NCPDP NECA NEMA NFPA NGA NGCMA NISO NIMS NIST/ ITL NPPC NSC NSAA NADCA NERC NAESB NALFA NASPO NSF NIRMA OLA OPCC OEOSC OPEI PMMI PSA PCA PWMA PMI RPTIA RSTC RVIA RESNA RIA RMA SIA SSFI SIA SMA SPRI SBS SAE SCTE SMPTE SVIA SAAMI SES SDI SJI SSCI TIA TCATA CI TMS SPI TCA TOY-TIA TAPS TCIA TPI USDA USPRO UL UAMA UAMA UCC VITA WQA WDMA WCMA WMMA Click here for a full list of U. Standards Developers and Activities .S.

National Committee (USNC).com An accreditation body providing quality and reliable accreditation services and a member of the IAAC.anab. ANAB accredits certification bodies (CBs) for ISO 9001 quality management systems (QMS) and ISO 14001 environmental management systems (EMS). representative and duespaying member of the two major non-treaty international standards organizations. www.S. and.Non-Governmental (U. accreditation body for management systems.asq.org The U. Among other roles. (Click here for more info) www. www.net Founded by representatives of public and private-sector organizations to provide coordination and focus for laboratory accreditation programs in the U.S.  ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (ANAB)    American Society of Quality (ASQ)    RABQSA international (RABQSA)    Assured Calibration and Laboratory Accreditation Select Service (ACLASS)    National Cooperation for Laboratory Accreditation (NACLA)   2005 © ANSI Slide 5 .nacla.000-member professional association with expertise in quality. the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).org A private.com Provides recognition to individuals.) Organizations Accreditors  American National Standards Institute (ANSI)   www. who have demonstrated competence to RAB QSA International approved schemes. www.S.ansi.S.org A 100.aclasscorp.S. the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). as well as a number of industryspecific requirements. www. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system. non-profit organization (501(c)3) that administers and coordinates the private-sector led U. ANSI is the sole U. ANSI is also the sole accreditor of developers of American National Standards (ANSs). via the U.rabqsa.S.

inspection bodies.asq.Non-Governmental (U.iasonline. labor. www.org A subsidiary corporation of the International Code Council (ICC). government.org A provider of ISO accreditation to forensic science testing laboratories.org One of the largest international associations serving the needs of occupational and environmental health professionals practicing industrial hygiene in industry. public service membership society.forquality.  American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA)    American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)    Performance Review Institute (PRI-Nadcap)    Forensic Quality Service (FQS-I)   2005 © ANSI Slide 6 . IAS has assumed all accrediting duties earlier performed by the Field Services Group of ICBO Evaluation Service. www.aiha.a2la.S.) Organizations (continued) Accreditors (continued)  International Accreditation Service (IAS)   www. www. product assessments and certification services. www. A2LA is dedicated to the formal recognition of competent testing and calibration laboratories.org A provider of manufacturing processes. proficiency testing providers and reference material producers. and independent organizations.org A non-profit. academic institutions.

Department of Commerce and the Office of United States Trade Representative established to engages business leaders in formulating U.Governmental Organizations / Committees / Programs Executive Office of the President  U.doc.ita. Government positions on international trade and trade-related investment issues.S. In addition.nist. financial management. and overseeing negotiations with other countries. In each of these areas. USTR coordinates trade policy. OMB evaluates the effectiveness of agency programs.ustr. USTR consults with other government agencies on trade policy matters through the Trade Policy Review Group (TPRG) and the Trade Policy Staff Committee (TPSC).whitehouse. testimony. President in overseeing the preparation of the federal budget and to supervise its administration in Executive Branch agencies. and proposed legislation are consistent with the President's Budget and with Administration policies. assesses competing funding demands among agencies. and regulatory policies. Supporting the TPSC are more than 90 subcommittees responsible for specialized areas and several task forces that work on particular issues. policies. commodity.  Industry Trade Advisory Committees (ITAC 16)    Interagency Committee for Standards Policy (ICSP)   2005 © ANSI Slide 7 . http://ts. USTR is part of the Executive Office of the President. rules.gov Responsible for developing and coordinating U. and frames issues for presidential decision. and direct investment policy.gov/omb OMB's predominant mission is to assist the U. trade policy. resolves disagreements. information.S. OMB ensures that agency reports. international trade. ITAC16 is the ITAC that deals with Standards and Technical Barriers to Trade issues. with representation at the senior civil service level. to develop better performance measures and coordinating mechanisms.S.gov/itac The ITACs are a set of committees in a unique public-private partnership jointly managed by the U. and procedures. OMB's role is to help improve administrative management. OMB oversees and coordinates the Administration's procurement. Through an interagency structure. and to reduce any unnecessary burdens on the public.S. The TPSC is the primary operating group. administered and chaired by USTR and composed of 19 Federal agencies and offices.gov/ts/htdocs/210/sccg/icspdes. and sets funding priorities. Trade Representative (USTR)   www.S. The committee reports to the Secretary of Commerce through the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). make up the sub-cabinet level mechanism for developing and coordinating U. www.htm Advises the Secretary of Commerce and other Executive Branch agencies in standards policy matters.S.  Office of Management and Budget (OMB)   Interagency  Trade Policy Staff Committee / Subcommittee Standard & Technical Barriers (TPSC SC-S&TB)   The TPSC SC-S&TB is one of the Subcommittees of the TPSC. These groups. www.

gov 2005 © ANSI Slide 8 .va.treasury.usda.dot.gov  Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)   Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)   Department of Homeland Security (DHS)  www.gov www.gov  Department of State (DoS)    Department of Energy (DoE)    Department of Transportation (DoT)    Department of Education (ED)   Department of the Treasury (Treasury)   Department of Health and Human Service (HHS)   www.fema.gov Occupational Safety and Health Administration: www.gov DOT Regulations and Standards: www.gov/cars/rules www.gov Click here for more detail Department of Interior (DoI)  www.dla.gov www.fda.gov  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) www.gov Click here for more detail www.dol.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) www.gov   Department of Commerce (DoC)   Department of Justice (DoJ)  www.Governmental Organizations / Committees / Programs (ctd.ed.hud.gov www.dhs.gov/techstds www.osha.gov www.hhs.state.doe.gov DoD Defense Standardization Program: http://dsp.nhtsa.doi.justice.gov DoE Technical Standards Program: www.gov  Department of Labor (DoL)    Department of Defense (DoD)   www.dod.gov Click here for more detail www.) Cabinet Departments  Department of Agriculture (USDA)    www.mil www.eh.gov U.doe.dot.commerce.

gov  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)    Federal Communications Commission (FCC)  www.gsa.Governmental Organizations / Committees / Programs (ctd.gov  International Trade Commisstion (ITC)  www.gov  National Science Foundation (NSF)   United States Postal Service (USPS)  www.epa.gov  Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)  www.gov NASA Technical Standards Program: http://standards.cpsc.gov NRC Standards Development website: www.usitc.nrc.usps.) Other Agencies  Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)  www.nasa.nrc.fcc.gov www.html www.gov www.gov  Federal Trade Commission (FTC)  www.ftc.com 2005 © ANSI Slide 9 .nasa.gov  Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)    General Service Administration (GSA)  www.nsf.gov/what-we-do/regulatory/standards-dev.

nist.gov/ts/htdocs/210/ncsci/about.html Market Access and Compliance (MAC) www. conformity assessment bodies are competent.gov/comm_svc     Technology Administration (TA) www. National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCI) http://ts.htm A voluntary program to evaluate and recognize organizations which support conformity assessment activities.S.gov/ts/htdocs/210/gsig/nvcase.nist.gov/td/standards Manufacturing and Services (MAS) www.doc. and Foreign Commercial Service (US&FCS) www. information.gov/ts/htdocs/210/ssd.S.technology.Governmental Organizations / Committees / Programs (ctd. conformity assessment results 2005 © ANSI Slide 10 .S.gov  National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) www.nist.ita.gov  International Trade Administration (ITA) www. Department of Commerce (DoC) www.gov  Technology Services http://ts.gov U.commerce.htm Provides standards-related assistance.S.doc.gov – Standards Services Division (SSD) http://ts.mac.htm » » » » » » » » National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) http://ts.htm Provides third-party accreditation to testing and calibration laboratories.gov/ts/htdocs/210/214/214.S.nist.doc.) U. products in foreign regulated markets based on U.doc.ita. and knowledge.nist.gov/td/td_home/tdhome.gov  Standards Liaison www. WTO/TBT inquiry point. National Voluntary Conformity Assessment System Evaluation (NVCASE) Program http://ts. and (2) facilitates the acceptance of U.nist.ita.export. NVCASE recognition (1) provides regulatory authorities with a basis for having confidence that qualifying U.

administering the Animal Welfare Act. establishment.asp  The Animal and Plant Health inspection Service (APHIS)   www. wholesome.usda. or spread of animal and plant pests and noxious weeds. and correctly packaged. Trade policy experts at FAS help identify—and work to reduce—foreign trade barriers and other practices and policies that hinder U.gov FAS coordinates and directs USDA’s responsibilities in international trade negotiations.gov    Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) www.gov/ppq APHIS-PPQ safeguards agriculture and natural resources from the risks associated with the entry. 2005 © ANSI Slide 11 .usda. Department of Agriculture (USDA) www.gov/Regulations_&_Policies/Codex_Alimentarius/index.S. enquiry point for World Trade Organization (WTO) sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) issues and technical barriers to trade (TBT).usda. and carrying out wildlife damage management activities.aphis.) U. agricultural exports.gov FSIS enhances public health and well-being by protecting the public from food borne illness and ensuring that the nation's meat.    Plant Protection and Quarantine Program (PPQ) www. Codex Office (USCO) www.gov APHIS is responsible for protecting and promoting U. the agency serves as the official conduit for notifications and comments about these measures. Trade Representative’s office.Governmental Organizations / Committees / Programs (ctd.S.fas.aphis.S. working closely with the U.fsis.fsis. agricultural health.usda.S.S. www. As such.usda.usda.    Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)   U. poultry and egg products are safe. FAS is the U.S.

the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). Members of the ITAC are drawn from the government.htm ACICIP serves the Department of State in an advisory capacity concerning major economic.  Click here for a link for more information on Telecom Standardization 2005 © ANSI Slide 12 . foreign industrial and regulatory policy. positions for meetings of international treaty organizations.S.S. technology research and development.) U. improved efficiency in the worldwide ICT and telecommunications market through increased reliance on free-market forces.state. Department of State. The international meetings addressed by the ITAC are those of the International Telecommunication Union. member to international and regional treaty-based organizations.state.gov   The U. State Department is the official U. network operators.S. and advises the Department on other matters to be undertaken by the U. and developing country interests. service providers. CIP advocates internationally policies for expanded access to information and communication technologies (ICT). and fair opportunities for U.S.Governmental Organizations / Committees / Programs (ctd. contributions.state. companies to participate in this sector around the globe.state.gov/e/eb    International Communication and Information Policy (CIP) www.gov/e/eb/adcom/c667. and manufacturers involved in the telecommunications sector.S. Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs www.state. the activities of international organizations in communications and information. social and legal issues and problems in international communications and information policy.gov/e/eb/cip The CIP group is one of seven issue-oriented organizations within the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs at the U. These issues and problems involve users and providers of information and communication services.htm The ITAC (not to be confused with the DoC-USTR International Trade Advisory Committees) advises the Department of State in the preparation of U.    Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy (ACICIP) www.gov/e/eb/adcom/c668.S.    The United States International Telecommunication Advisory Committee (ITAC) www. Department of State (State) www. at these international meetings.S. develops and coordinates proposed contributions to international meetings as U.S. the Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL) of the Organization of American States.

S. and entities which are 100% government. is the sole U. national standards bodies.org World's largest developer of standards formed in the per-country member structure. ANSI’s peers in ISO and IEC with whom ANSI meets on an ongoing basis in international and regional fora and bilaterally. ANSI. electronic and related technologies. ISO.org The joint ISO and IEC technical committee that develops.S. promotes and facilitates IT standards www. or Development.int An international organization within the United Nations System where governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services (click here for more info).jtc1. ANSI is the sole U.   Click here for a list of the ISO member body NSBs. They are a mix of privatesector organizations such as ANSI (which is a 501c3 non-profit organization but which also has government members). and ITU  International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)    Joint Technical Committee (JTC1)    International Telecommunication Union (ITU)    international Standards Developing Organizations (iSDOs)   World Standards Cooperation (WSC)   National Standards Bodies (NSBs)  NSBs are the several hundred non-U. via the United States National Committee to the IEC (USNC). 2005 © ANSI Slide 13 .iec.S. maintains. representative and dues-paying member to ISO from the United States. representative and dues-paying member to the IEC from the United States. Trade. Click here for a list of the IEC member body National Committees.International and Regional Organizations International Standardization  International Organization for Standardization (ISO)   www. IEC. organizations with higher levels of public-sector ownership and funding.ch An international developer of standards formed in the per-country member structure that prepares and publishes international standards for all electrical.iso. iSDOs are those Standards Developing Organizations which meet the WTO-TBT “former Annex 4” criteria defining the principles of an international standards developing organization (click here for more info). usually being part of a country’s Ministry of Economy. www. www.itu.

APLAC. member to PASC. APML).cenelec. PASC is one of the five Specialist Regional Bodies (SRBs) of the APEC-SCSC (together with PAC. Pan American Standards Commission (COPANT)  www. has held 19 dialogues since 1989 with the ESOs. COPANT promotes the development of technical standardization and related activities in its member countries with the aim of promoting their industrial.html  Assists the Committee on Trade and Investment to achieve the standards and conformance related components of APEC's trade and investment liberalization and facilitation agenda. ANSI now meets every 18 months with the ESOs and every nine months with the ESO-Joint Presidents Group (JPG). PASC strengthens international standardization programs of the ISO and the IEC and improves the ability of its members to participate in these programs effectively. the U.org  PASC is the forum of the 21 national standards bodies of the economies of the Asia Pacific region.copant. IEC. scientific and social fields. ANSI is the U. 2005 © ANSI Slide 14 . scientific and technological development in benefit of an exchange of goods and the provision of services.etsi. peer to the ESOs and each of its country members. and ITU respectively and are known collectively as the European standards organizations (ESOs). representative to the APEC/SCSC. APMP. ANSI is the U.S. member to COPANT.org/apec/apec_groups/committees/committee_on_trade/sub-committee_on_standards. European Standards Organizations (ESOs)  The regional standards organizations for the European region are:  The European Committee for Standardization (CEN)  www. ANSI. formed by the 28 national standards bodies of the western hemisphere.org  The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)  www. USTR is the U.   Regional Economic and Trade-Related Committees  Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation/Subcommittee on Standards and Conformance (APEC/SCSC)  www.be  The European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC)  www.S.S.org  COPANT is the regional standards organization for the Americas.cenorm.S.org  They are the regional mirror bodies to the ISO. COPANT is one of three Specialist Regional Bodies (SRBs) of the Americas (together with the IAAC and SIM).International and Regional Organizations (continued) Regional Standardization  Pacific Area Standards Congress (PASC)  www. while facilitating cooperation in intellectual.apec.pascnet.

is the main forum in the hemisphere in which the governments and the private sector meet to coordinate regional efforts to develop the Global Information Society according to the mandates of the General Assembly of the Organization and the mandates entrusted to it by Heads of State and Government at the Summits of the Americas. Department of State.citel.S. CITEL  www.html  The Telecommunications and Information Working Group (TEL) aims to improve telecommunications and information infrastructure in the Asia-Pacific region by developing and implementing appropriate telecommunications and information policies.org  CITEL. APEC-TEL  www.S.apec.S. The U.S. representative to CITEL is the U. regional. and national entities and organizations involved in telecommunications standardization.itu. The complete list of U. including relevant human resource and development cooperation strategies.int  An international organization within the United Nations System where governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services. representative to the ITU is the U.org/apec/apec_groups/working_groups/telecommunications_and_information.oas.S.S. Department of State. The U.    2005 © ANSI Slide 15 . Other SDOs  There are hundreds of other international. Department of State. representative to APEC-TEL is the U. members to the ITU is available by clicking here.International and Regional Organizations (continued) Telecom Standardization  International Telecommunication Union (ITU)  www. an entity of the Organization of American States (OAS). The U.S. The ITU also has sector members.

org/english/tratop_e/sps_e/sps_e.  World Trade Organization / Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary (WTO/SPS)   2005 © ANSI Slide 16 . Relevance.wto. Coherence.8.org/english/tratop_e/tbt_e/tbt_e. and testing and certification procedures do not create unnecessary obstacles to trade. Guides and Recommendations with relation to Articles 2. 23 May 2002. Due Process and Technical Assistance. www. Section IX).htm A committee of the WTO that deals with the WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement). The agreement is aimed at minimizing the negative effects of unjustified health barriers on international trade.International and Regional Organizations (continued) WTO-Related Standardization  World Trade Organization / Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade (WTO/TBT)   www.” The WTO-TBT criteria are: Transparency. Openness. Performance-based. animal and plant health measures .wto.with a view to achieving the widest possible harmonization of food safety. The Agreement requires Member Countries . 5 and Annex 3 of the Agreement” or also as (b) “The Decisions and Recommendations adopted by the (TBT) Committee since 1 January 1995 (G/TBT/1/Rev. guidelines and recommendations.to establish those measures on the basis of international standards. standards.htm  A committee of the WTO that deals with the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) which ensures that regulations. The so-called WTO-TBT “Annex 4” criteria defining the principles of an international standards developing organization are now known as either (a) “The Decision of the (TBT) Committee on Principles for the Development of International Standards. Effectiveness. Impartiality. Consensus.

int The OIE develops normative documents relating to rules that Member Countries can use to protect themselves from the introduction of diseases and pathogens. representative to the OIE is in the Plant Protection and Quarantine Program (PPQ) of the Animal and Plant Health inspection Service (APHIS) of the U. Codex Office (USCO) of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the U.fao.  Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex)  www.org  The FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition.S. Department of Agriculture.ippc. The Convention has been deposited with the Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) since its initial adoption by the Conference of FAO at its Sixth Session in 1951. the WTO-SPS Agreement refers to the 'standards.int  The International Plant Protection Convention is an international treaty relating to plant health. guidelines and recommendations developed under the auspices of the OIE'. without setting up unjustified sanitary barriers. The U. Department of Agriculture.S. The U.S. improve agricultural productivity.S.codexalimentarius. to which 139 governments (as of 17 August) currently adhere. World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)    www.S. The U.S.net  Created by the FAO and WHO to develop food standards. IPPC.   2005 © ANSI Slide 17 .oie. better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy. Click on the link to see IPPC contracting parties. The “Three Sisters”  Codex. representative to Codex is the U.International and Regional Organizations (continued) Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)  www. International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)  www. For animal health and zoonoses. guidelines and related texts such as codes of practice under the Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Program. representative to the OIE is the Animal and Plant Health inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). and the OIE are the three international standards organized recognized by the WTO-SPS committee.

APLMF).apmpweb. PAC. SIM is committed to the implementation of a Global Measurement System within the Americas and working towards the establishment of a robust regional measuring system.  Regional Metrology  Asia Pacific Metrology Program (APMP)  www. The Inter-American Metrology System (SIM)  www. Created to promote international. traceable to the International System of Units (SI).org  Provides the basis for a single. essential for making the development of a free trade area in the Americas (FTAA) possible. APLAC. PAC.org  The APMP is responsible for developing international recognition of the measurement capabilities of the region's national and territorial measurement laboratories (one of the five APEC-SCSC SRBs together with PASC. SIM is one of the three SRBs of the Americas together with COPANT and the IAAC.International and Regional Organizations (continued) International Metrology  International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)  www. and regional cooperation in metrology. APMP).oiml. International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM)  www. coherent system of measurements throughout the world.aplmf.org  An intergovernmental organization to promote the global harmonization of legal metrology procedures. Asia Pacific Legal Metrology Forum (APLMF)  www.   2005 © ANSI Slide 18 .org.org  The APLMF develops legal metrology and promotes free and open trade in the region through the harmonization and removal of technical or administrative barriers to trade in the field of legal metrology (one of the five APEC-SCSC SRBs together with PASC.sim-metrologia.bipm. particularly Inter-American.br  The Inter-American Metrology System (SIM) resulted from a broad agreement among national metrology organizations from all 34 member nations of the Organization of American States (OAS). APLAC.

Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC)  www.org  Association of accreditation bodies and other interested parties whose objective is to facilitate trade and commerce among economies in the Asia Pacific region (one of the five APEC-SCSC SRBs together with PASC. ACLASS. member to PAC is ANSI. IAS.S. full members to the IAAC are: A2LA (and MLA signatory). IAS.   2005 © ANSI Slide 19 . U. IAS. IAAC stakeholder members are: Intertek Testing Services (ITS).S. Regional Accreditation  Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC)  www. ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (ANAB). ACLASS.S.ilac. and NVLAP. The U.S. Affiliate IAF members are: IAR. and the Laboratory Accreditation Bureau.aplac. services. The U. products. PAC.iaac-accreditation. Perry Johnson Laboratories. Inter American Accreditation Cooperation (IAAC)  www. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP-NIST).org  An association of accreditation bodies in the Americas and other organizations interested in conformity assessment (one of the three SRBs of the Americas together with COPANT and SIM).iaf. members to APLAC are: A2LA. The full members and MLA signatories from the United States are: A2LA. National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP-NIST). testing and inspection facilities (one of the five APEC-SCSC SRBs together with PASC.S. member of the IAF is the American National Standards Institute - American Society for Quality . APMP. NACLA. The U. U. APLMF). U. NFSTC. NCSL.  International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC)  www. personnel and other similar programs of conformity assessment. UILI. US IAF Stakeholders are: ACIL.apec-pac.S. American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors / Laboratory Accreditation Board (ASCLD/LAB) (Associate). AOAC International.International and Regional Organizations (continued) International Accreditation  International Accreditation Forum (IAF)  www. APLMF).nu  World association of Conformity Assessment Accreditation Bodies in the fields of management systems.org  Group of accreditation bodies in the Asia Pacific region responsible for accrediting calibration. APLAC. APMP. The U. TUV.National Accreditation Board (ANAB).S.org  An international cooperation of laboratory and inspection accreditation bodies. Associate IAF members are: ACLASS.

The Institute's mission is to enhance both the global competitiveness of U.        About ANSI  www.ansi. and the Inter-American Accreditation Cooperation (IAAC). and. the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). business and the U. six policy committees.S. National Committee (USNC). The ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (ANAB) is the U.S. via the U. standards developers. ANSI is the sole accreditor of developers of American National Standards (ANSs). ANSI is the sole U. federal government agencies. member of the Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC).org/about_ansi/organization_chart/chart_text. 30+ government agencies.ansi.S.000 businesses.org/about_ansi/organization_chart/chart_text. ANSI additionally has four membership forums and seven standards panels. ANSI is a U. the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).aspx?menuid=1 2005 © ANSI Slide 20 . private-sector led voluntary standardization and conformity assessment systems. ANSI is comprised of nearly 1.S. professional societies and trade associations.ansi. non-profit organization (501(c)3) that administers and coordinates the U.S.S. www.S. ANSI has been a public-private sector partnership. ANSI is the sole U. Since its founding in 1918 by five private-sector Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs) and two U. and consumer and labor organizations.2 million professionals worldwide. representative of two major regional standards organizations: the Pacific Area Standards Congress (PASC). member of the International Accreditation Forum (IAF).S. Today. and 15 oversight and Standing Committees. ANSI represents the diverse interests of more than 120. and safeguarding their integrity.000 entities and 3.American National Standards Institute (ANSI) General Information   www. representative and dues-paying member of the two major non-treaty international standards organizations.aspx?menuid=1#Policy ANSI Structure and Management  ANSI’s governance structure includes a board of directors. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems.org The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private. and the Pan American Standards Commission (COPANT).S.

National Policy Committee The NPC is responsible for broad-based policy and position decisions regarding national standards development process issues.American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Institute Policy Committees and Councils  All ANSI members have the opportunity to participate in the policy-setting committees and councils established to provide the strategic direction for defined program areas. copyright protection and the exploitation of copyright. PCAC and ACAC committees. government relations and public policy issues.  Reporting to the IPRPC are the following standing committees:  Patent Group  Copyright Ad Hoc Group    2005 © ANSI Slide 21 .  Reporting to the NPC are the following program oversight committees:  Appeals Board  Board of Standards Review (BSR)  Executive Standards Council (ExSC)  Committee on Education (COE) Conformity Assessment Policy Committee (CAPC) The CAPC is responsible for broad-based policy and position decisions on national. regional and international intellectual property matters.  Reporting to the CAPC are the following program oversight committees:  International Conformity Assessment Committee (ICAC)  Accreditation Committee (ACC)  Personnel Certifier Accreditation Committee (PCAC)  ANSI-CFP Personnel Certification Accreditation Committee (ACAC) Intellectual Property Rights Policy Committee (IPRPC) The IPRPC is responsible for broad-based policy and position decisions regarding national. including the global trade and public policy aspects of such matters. It also develops Institute positions on the incorporation of essential patents or other proprietary intellectual property in standards. regional and international conformity assessment issues This includes receiving policy recommendations from ACC.

member body to ISO include accrediting U.S.S. public policy and related issues that are not exclusively related to either ISO or IEC  Reporting to the IPC are the following regional standing committees:  Regional Standing Committee – Americas (RSC-A)  Regional Standing Committee – Asia Pacific (RSC-AP)  Regional Standing Committee – Europe.  Reporting to the AIC is the following program oversight committee:  ANSI International Forum (AIF) USTAGs  Part of ANSI’s responsibilities as the U. positions for input into the international TC on behalf of the United States.American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Institute Policy Committees and Councils (continued)  International Policy Committee (IPC) The IPC is responsible for broad-based policy and position decisions on international and regional standards. involvement in the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and other electrotechnical bodies associated with the IEC. It also coordinates USNC activities with appropriate standards boards to promote consistency between those international and national activities that fall within the scope of the IEC. For each ISO and IEC TC. positions on activities and ballots of the international Technical Committee (TC).S. U. ISO Council and ISO Technical Management Board (ISO/TMB).  Reporting to the USNC IEC Council is the following program oversight committee:  Technical Management Committee (TMC) ANSI ISO Council (AIC) The AIC is responsible for developing ANSI policy positions on issues exclusive to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as well as preparing ANSI delegations to the ISO General Assembly. there is a corresponing USTAG or “mirror committee” which develops U.S. U. positions for the IEC are endorsed and closely monitored by the USNC Technical Management Committee (TMC).S. Technical Advisory Groups (U.S.S. whose primary purpose is to develop and transmit. Africa (RSC-EMEA) United States National Committee (USNC) IEC Council The USNC IEC Council coordinates the U. via ANSI. TAGs).    2005 © ANSI Slide 22 . Middle East.

ANSI Organization Chart 2005 © ANSI Slide 23 .

293.org 2005 © ANSI Slide 24 . NY 10036 Tel: +1 202.0023 www.4900 Fax: +1 202. DC 20036 New York.398.ansi. NW 25 West 43rd Street Sixth Floor Fourth Floor Washington.9287 Fax: +1 212.8020 Tel: +1 212.nssn.For more information: American National Standards Institute Headquarters Operations 1819 L Street.org | webstore.org Please send comments or suggestions to: info@ansi.ansi.293.642.org | www.

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