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Prof. Mayet Agustin -Teaño
Definition of Terms
Demography ² scientific study of population, its size, composition and changes Fertility ²ability to produce offspring, indicates the rate at which babies are born.
² Factors affecting fertility rates:
Weather Environment Religion Societal norms about children and marriage
Definition of Terms
Mortality ²rate of death in population
² Factors affecting mortality rate
Age of the population Women live longer than men Wealth
Migration ² movement to an area (immigration)
or movement out of an area ( emigration). This is affected by:
² Push factors ² Pull factors
which is nature·s check on overpopulation«.Malthusian Theory of Population Growth Thomas Robert Malthus claimed that because of the strong attraction between the two sexes. famine and overcrowding would cause widespread suffering and diseases and death rate. the population could multiply rapidly much faster than the food supply. . Most likely.
Overview of Philippine Population .
035.Number of Male and Female Male : 39.379.000 .000 Female : 39.
the Philippines is home to 85 million Filipinos. After another 20 years or so. Considering the annual population growth rate of 2.3%.Overview As of 2005. . this number might even reach 150 million. the country·s population might reach and even grow above 95 million in as short as 5 years (Perez 2005).
36 percent annually between 1995 and 2000.Growth Rate The population grew at the rate of 2. while in the eighties it was 2. This is slightly higher than the growth rate during the first half of the nineties (2.34 percent.35 percent. . The average annual growth rate during the entire nineties was 2.32 percent).
Population Distribution .
.3 percent).Population Distribution More than half (56.7 percent) and Visayas islands (20.0 percent) of the Philippine population reside in Luzon. The remainder is almost equally distributed between Mindanao (23.
0 million or 10.4% of the total). Central Luzon and Southern Tagalog The top three regions in terms of population size are Southern Tagalog .8 million or 15. The combined population of these regions comprise 38.9 million or 13.Region III (8.0 %).5 %).Region IV (11.9 percent of the total populace. National Capital Region (9. . and Central Luzon .Population Distribution Four out of ten persons reside in NCR.
72 percent. . followed by Southern Tagalog with 3. Rizal.45 percent.79 percent.Fastest Growing Region The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is the fastest growing region in terms of population with an annual growth rate of 3.53 percent. Tawi-Tawi and Cavite registered the highest growth rates at 5. and 5. respectively.86 percent during 19952000. Among the provinces. 5.
.Region V with 265. This man-land ratio is 61 times the national figure of 255 persons per sq. Central Visayas Region VII with 381.Region I with 327. km. of land.Region II recorded the lowest population densities with 95 and 105 persons per sq. Western Visayas Region VI with 307.617 persons occupying a sq.. Ilocos . CAR and Cagayan Valley . km. The other five most densely populated regions are Central Luzon Region III with a population density of 441. respectively. and Bicol .Population Density The NCR remains the most densely populated region with 15. km.
from 5.Average Household Size The average size of Filipino households declined to 5. . This means that for every 100 households.07 persons in 1995. the total number of members was fewer by 7 persons in 2000 than it was in 1995.0 persons.
and other natural resources Population and Poverty increasing population and big family size usually lead to poverty . forests. air.Implications of Overpopulation Population and Natural Resources ² The alarming population growth affects the quality of water.
Implications of Overpopulation Population and Health ² There is high incidence of diseases resulting from poor and dirty environment ² The nutritional requirement of children are very low Population and Waste Disposal Rapid population growth requires a corresponding increase in the demand of clean water supply .
The Need for Family Planning ´Since quantity is not quality. especially if one is poorµ. Family planning should be equated with responsible parenthood and family welfare. there should be a strong national policy on population. The government created the POPCOM or Population Commission as policy making and implementing body of family planning programs .
It is smaller than the diaphragm and is used with spermicidal cream or jelly. The cervical cap works by blocking sperm from entering the uterus. .Family Planning Methods Artificial method ² Cervical Cap The cervical cap is a small latex cup that a woman inserts into her vagina before sexual intercourse. The cervical cap fits snugly over the woman's cervix.
Both male and female condoms work by preventing sperm from entering the vagina and reaching an egg. plastic. thin. .Family Planning Methods Condoms are thin barriers made of latex. They look like long. deflated balloons. There are both male and female condoms. or natural membranes.
The shot works mainly by preventing the ovary from releasing an egg.a hormone that is naturally present in a woman's body. . It contains medicine that is like progesterone .Family Planning Methods Depo-Provera ("The Shot") Provera is a shot that a woman gets 4 times a year (every 12 weeks) to prevent pregnancy.
Family Planning Methods The diaphragm is a soft latex dome that a woman inserts into her vagina before sexual intercourse. It fits over her cervix and is held in place by her vaginal muscles. It always needs to be used with spermicidal cream or jelly. The diaphragm works by blocking the opening to the uterus so that sperm cannot enter. .
Family Planning Methods Intrauterine Device (IUD): IUD is a small. There are 2 types of IUD's: copper and progestin (a hormone found in birth control pills). The copper IUD lasts 10 years and the progestin IUD lasts 5 years. . IUDs work mainly by preventing fertilization. and interfering with the sperm's ability to reach the egg. T-shaped piece of flexible plastic that fits inside a woman's uterus to prevent pregnancy.
Family Planning Methods Oral Contraceptives ("The Pill") control pills. often called "The Pill". are pills that a woman takes daily to prevent pregnancy. They are made of hormones similar to those found naturally in a woman's body. The Pill works mainly by preventing the ovary from releasing an egg. .
jellies and suppositories.Family Planning Methods Spermicides* Spermicide is a chemical that kills sperm. but they are much more effective when used with another method. A woman inserts spermicide deep into her vagina just before having sexual intercourse. It comes in different forms: foams. creams. diaphragm or cervical cap. . like the condom. film. Spermicides provide some pregnancy protection when used alone.
. During each menstrual cycle. The egg will be shed later during the menstrual period if it isn't fertilized.Natural Family Planning Methods What is natural family planning? Natural family planning is a way to help a couple determine when sexual intercourse can and cannot result in pregnancy. one of a woman's ovaries releases an egg. An unfertilized egg may live for 12 to 24 hours. where fertilization may take place. The egg moves toward the uterus through the fallopian tubes. This process is called ovulation. A woman is most likely to become pregnant if sexual intercourse takes place just before or just after ovulation.
Female Reproductive System .
. Some people choose to abstain from all sexual activity. but engage in other sexual activities. Some people choose to abstain from sexual intercourse.Natural Family Planning Methods Abstinence* Abstinence means choosing not to have sex. When practiced correctly. abstinence is the only 100% sure method for preventing pregnancy.
² symptothermal method. In this method. . At the time of ovulation. the days just before and just after ovulation are determined by checking the woman's cervical mucus. a woman's temperature will rise slightly. the woman takes her temperature each day with a special thermometer and writes it down on a chart.Natural Family Planning Methods Two methods of family planning: ² ovulation method. The woman also checks the consistency of her cervical mucus. With this method.
Women who have no variation in the length of their menstrual cycles can use the rhythm method to know when they are ovulating (14 days before the start of their period).Natural Family Planning Methods The rhythm method is based on calendar calculations of previous menstrual cycles. which are common. The rhythm method isn't as reliable as the ovulation method or the symptothermal method and is generally not recommended. This method doesn't allow for normal changes in the menstrual cycle. .
Surgical Sterilization .
Tubal Sterilization .
Cultural Factors that Affect Population Growth .
if God causes couple many children.Sociological Basis ² Most Filipinos are fatalistic. there is tendency to be dependent with financially well-off relatives . ´He Will provideµ ² Women are ashamed to be seen buying birth control pills and other contraceptive devices ² Deeply rooted religious beliefs ² Close family ties.
Economic Basis ² Children are considered economic assets ² Anthropological Basis Filipino values. beliefs and traditions contribute to population explosion Political Science Basis ² The Family code allows early marriage » (18 years old) .
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