Aesthetics and Visual Culture

Photography Foucault and the Panopticon

With fine arts people struggled to achieve the illusion of reality. With photography the illusion is guaranteed by the process.

What is the relationship between photography and reality?

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Photography began to open up a visual world as never before. .

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If the photograph merely reports an event. can it be art? .

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The photograph can only be beautiful if it captures a beautiful thing. .

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.Culture according to Foucault aims at the creation of ³docile bodies´.

.Docile Bodies could work on the new production lines in factories. adapt to the social environment of the new cities and create new behaviors suitable for life in public spaces.

. Culture is a system of discipline based on surveillance.Foucault¶s view is that culture is a mechanism of repression.

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.How we build determines the type of society we live in.

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social workers. .Foucault suggests that a "carceral continuum" runs through modern society. All are connected by the (witting or unwitting) supervision (surveillance. through secure accommodation. application of norms of acceptable behaviour) of some humans by others. to our everyday working and domestic lives. probation. from the maximum security prison. and teachers. police.

The emergence of prison as the form of punishment for every crime grew out of the development of discipline in the 18th and 19th centuries. according to Foucault .

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allowing for the combination of the force of many bodies into a single massive force . as well as for training.Discipline. The individuality which discipline constructs for the bodies which it controls has four characteristics. and control. observation. which enabled them to perform their duty within the new forms of economic. Modern institutions required that bodies must be individuated according to their tasks. he suggests. namely it makes individuality which is: cellular .ensuring that the activities required of the bodies are "natural" for them genetic .determining the spatial distribution of the bodies organic . political. Therefore. he argues. discipline created a whole new form of individuality for bodies.controlling the evolution over time of the activities of the bodies combinatory . developed a new economy and politics for bodies. and military organizations emerging in the modern age and continuing to today.

Do we live in a culture of surveillance and control or in a society where we have actual freedom? .

rather than merely exist by serving the existing order.What does it mean to dwell. .

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.The point to show that we are enslaved by the societies that promise us freedom.

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What kind of society will we build? Who does our technology serve? Can we build (tekt) from the source (arche) so that our societies are just? .