BY:TAMANNA CHAUDHARY B.TECH, CS, 3RD YEAR RCVGIT , GZB.

Topics Covered
Definition of RFID System Description Operation Applications Benefits Limitations/Issues RFID as a Disruptive Technology Conclusion

Definition
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology used to track and identify a person or object by means of radio transmission Type of data transmitted can vary information on object, its location, delivery times, weight, destination, etc.
Significantly simplify and make robust, the tracking of parts or part carriers

System Description
Two main components to a basic RFID system:
RFID Tag (transponder) RFID Reader (Interrogator)

System Description
RFID Tag (Transponder)
Consists of a microchip and an antenna Attached to an object to be tracked (vary in size) Stores information about the object (ID number, kilobytes, dynamic info maintained) Read only or read/write Contact-less, Non-line of sight Read Range: few inches to hundreds of ft.

System Description
Two classes of RFID Tags, Passive and Active, based on the means in which they receive power:
Passive
-Power source is provided by the RFID Reader s generated field -Smaller size tags, must be within close range of reader (~ 2m)

Active
-Have an internal power source -Larger, more expensive, shorter life -Longer reading ranges, more memory

System Description
RFID Reader (Interrogator)
Retrieves information from the RFID Tag Detects/Activates tag, reads and writes data to tag 
May consist of a signal processor, operating system, antenna, virtual memory, and transmitter/receiver unit

Active or Passive

System Description
RFID Reader (Interrogator) ± May be stationary, positioned at strategic points ± May be integrated into handheld unit ± Some of today s readers can simultaneously read 100-2000 tags per second

HOW RFID WORKS

RFID System Components

Applications
Current Applications Transportation: Toll collection, cargo management, equipment ID, auto-payment etc. Security: Employee ID tags for office, hotels; nursing homes & hospitals; car keys; video stores and libraries; casino chips/keys; etc. Manufacturing: Tracking goods through manufacturing process- Automobile, Computer Hardware, etc.

Applications
Current Applications (cont d)
Animal tracking: Cattle and other livestock; endangered species; Athletics: Golf ball identification and tracking; Major track and field events in marathon runners shoes to obtain official start & finish times and to verify track travelled Global Positioning System (GPS): Accurate location and identity of specific objects using satellites

Applications
Newer and Future Applications Airport Security/Baggage: Track and identify passengers and airline luggage
Medical: Restricting access; tracking patients and guests with authorized wristbands; tracking babies (to reduce risk of abduction); tracking of medicine and equipment; Postal Services: Tracking of mail/packages

Benefits An RFID system is the noncontact, non-lineof-sight nature of the technology. It enhance Efficiency ,traceability of production. Hundred of tags can be readed in seconds. They can be combined with sensors. It not only saves time but also provides real time information & data access to anybody.

Limitations/Issues The major disadvantage of RFID technology
is its high cost . Any body can access information about anything. It is possible to compromise an RFID system by wrapping the protected material in two to three layers of ordinary household foil to block the radio signal.

Limitations/Issues
Interference into RFID two types
Metal Interference metal packaging may block/corrupt the signal; some tags have trouble being read when attached to metal objects. Frequency Interference may cause problems if the reader is attempting to identify a particular tag surrounded by a number of other tags operating at same frequency; limits specific data that can be extracted.

Interference from RFID into other systems
General observation is that potential for interference into other systems is low and can be mitigated through engineering techniques (e.g. limiting power and duty cycle)

RFID as a Disruptive Technology
Disruptive technologies
Disrupt the old way of doing things, changing the industry in such a way that previous competitive and business rules do not apply (could, for example render current supply chain bar code models obsolete)

Not only create new industries, but eventually change the world; can greatly expand the role of integrators

Bring to market a fundamentally different value proposition than what has been previously available (e.g. bar codes), based on a different set of product/service attributes

CONCLUSION

It is an another TECH REVOLUTION which will change our lives completely . And it will be used 24hoursX7days ,like emails.

References

www.new technology.com www.engineering.com www.rfidjournal.com www.frontlinetoday.com

Thank You

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