Soccer

and was granted full membership in FIFA at the annual congress at Oslo. Chicago and San Diego). Belgium.History 1904 The Federation International de Football Association (FIFA) was formed in Paris on May 21. the authority over the rules and their interpretation continued under the jurisdiction of England.000 fans at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena. May 30. The Olympic Games of 1904 in St. The International Board. . FIFA did not become active in Olympic soccer until 1908. The National Soccer Hall of Fame and Museum opened in the Wilber Mansion. Louis included soccer as an official Olympic sport where club teams competed under the national team banner. Charter members included: France. including three teams participating for a season from the NASL (San Jose. the United States Women's National Team won the 1999 Women's World Cup by playing China to a 0-0 tie through regulation and overtime and then defeating them 5-4 on penalties. The MISL season opened with 14 teams. 1941 The National Soccer Coaches Association America of America (NSCAA) was organized by 10 coaches attending the annual meeting of the intercollegiate Soccer Football Association of in New York. Ireland and Wales. 1999 In front of over 90. Oneonta. Denmark. 1982 The United States made a formal bid to host the 1986 FIFA World Cup. June 24. The United States shocks the world with a stunning 3-2 opening game upset of Portugal before eventually finishing in second place in Group D. even though they were not affiliated with FIFA. NY. 1914 The United States Football Association (USFA) was incorporated under the laws of the state of New York. Scotland. Norway. Netherlands. the team's best World Cup showing since 1930. Sweden and Switzerland. CA. 2002 The United States Men's National Team advanced to the quarterfinals at the 2002 FIFA World Cup in Korea/Japan. Spain.

A straight red card can be also be issued for serious foul play or denying an opponent a goal scoring opportunity. The game will be played on a soccer pitch and the field dimension will normally be just over 100 yards long although it could be shorter if it is a youth soccer game. goalkeeper and forwards. this is very rare but has happened a few times in violent games! One of the most important basic rules of soccer is the offside rule which basically prevents ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ . however if two yellow cards are issued then this equals a red card and the offending player is sent off the field. Soccer games consist of two halves lasting 45 minutes each although injury time is often added by the referee to cover any stoppages.Rules of the game ‡ ‡ Basic soccer rules are pretty simple to follow. Yellow cards are issued for minor or a serious of fouls by the same player which results in a booking. Each team will also nominate a captain although this role is not as significant as other sports such as cricket and rugby. a world cup final for example then extra time will be played consisting of an extra two 15 minute periods. Soccer teams are normally split into formations consisting of defense. During the game the referee has the power to caution players and issue yellow and red cards. Each team has to have a minimum of 7 players on the field so if one team have more than 5 players sent off then the game would be abandoned. The captain will start the game by tossing a coin with the referee and the winning captain has the option of selecting which way their team will shoot. If the teams are still level at this stage the game will develop into a penalty shoot with each team nominating 5 penalty kick takers who will try and beat the goalkeeper from the penalty spot (12 yards) until one team wins. If the game is a cup tie. This can be an advantage if there is a strong wind which could change direction by the time the teams reach the second half. the team that scores the most goals wins! Each team will consist of 11 starting players of which there is one goalkeeper and 10 outfield players.

Field and Equipment .

Where a goal may be scored by kicking the ball directly into the opponent's goal without anyone else touching it (although it still counts if someone else does touch it).On which a goal may be scored only if another player touches the ball before it enters the goal.Free kicks When one team is penalized. Question: "How do you know if a free kick is indirect?" Answer: "The referee will raise his arm above his head and leave it up until the ball is kicked". if the ball is touched by a player on either team. before it goes into the goal. the other team is given a Penalty Kick ("PK"). or pass it to someone who shoots it. ‡ Indirect Free Kick . the other usually gets a "free kick". everyone but the kicker & goalkeeper must stay out of the Penalty Box until the kicker moves the ball. including the goalkeeper. On Penalty Kicks. However. There are 2 types of free kicks (direct & indirect) and a special type of Direct Free Kick called a Penalty Kick: ‡ Direct Free Kick . the goal counts.When a player commits a foul within his own Penalty Box. which would normally result in a Direct Free Kick. . If on an Indirect Free Kick the ball is kicked into the goal without anyone else touching it (other than the kicker) the goal does not count and the other team is awarded a goal kick. On an indirect kick you should have one player gently tap the ball so another player standing behind the ball can kick it. ‡ Penalty Kick .

The fouls are as follows. 3.Direct kicks Direct Kick Fouls ‡ For which the other team receives a "direct free kick" (meaning a goal can be scored by kicking the ball straight into the goal) or a "penalty kick" ("PK") if the foul occurs within the Penalty Box (Note: It doesn't matter whether the ball was in the Penalty Box or not. There are 10 direct kick fouls. spitting at an opponent. 7. (See "Cards. The rules say that the referee should call a foul for numbers 1 thru 6 if he believes they are committed in a manner he considers "careless. if the Referee believes the tackler played in a "dangerous manner". reckless. striking or attempting to strike an opponent (if careless. what matters is where the foul was committed). an indirect kick can be awarded). Serious Foul Play") 2. deliberately handling the ball (a "hand ball" should not be called if a player is instinctively trying to protect himself from injury or if the ball hits the hand while it is in a natural position near the players . making contact with an opponent before touching the ball when tackling an opponent to gain possession of the ball (Note: it is always a foul if the tackler contacts the ball handler before touching the ball. or used excessive force" and was judged to have kicked. 10. and jumping at the goalkeeper). reckless or using excessive force). Accidentally kicking an opponent while tackling the ball is not a foul unless it was careless. 9. charging into an opponent (the goalkeeper can also be called for this if his action is careless. reckless or using excessive force). 6.Fouls. If a player slide tackles from the front. 4. Or. However. blatant holding or pulling (including holding clothing. tripped. jumping at an opponent in a careless or reckless manner or using excessive force (this includes jumping for a header if an opponent is carelessly or recklessly bumped. or kicking. including the goalkeeper (if careless. tripping or attempting to trip an opponent (if careless. or "unsporting behavior". 8. pushing an opponent. reckless or using excessive force³. even if the ball is contacted. 5. it will be considered at least "dangerous play" (which is an indirect kick foul). kicking or attempting to kick an opponent. reckless or uses excessive force). 1. Red Card. or there was excessive force. using any part of the body to hold an opponent & "Sandwiching"). it can still be a direct kick foul if the ball is touched first but the tackler was "careless. or tripping. even if it doesn't hit the opponent (this is grounds for a Red Card). since it would at the least be reckless or dangerous. reckless. charged or jumped at the ball handler. reckless or using excessive force).

"dissent". "Dangerous Play" (or playing in a dangerous manner) is any action by a player that in the judgment of the Referee is dangerous to himself or to another player and that isn't a "direct kick foul" such as tripping. see "Cards" for a list of the many types of unsporting behavior). chest. Intentionally handling the ball again after he has released it and it has not touched any other player (e. Four that apply to all players: 1. 3 feet) and block's an opponent's movement or screens an opponent from the ball. This can be called if a player is not within "playing distance" of the ball (i.Fouls-Indirect kicks Indirect Kick Fouls For which the other team receives an "indirect free kick" (meaning a goal only counts if another player touches the ball before it enters the goal). He can't pick it up if a teammate has intentionally kicked or thrown it to him. . and offensive or threatening language. Touching the ball with hands after it is deliberately kicked to the Goalkeeper by a teammate. If the goalkeeper and an opponent both go for a loose ball. Touching the ball with hands on a throw-in from a teammate (i. Four indirect kick fouls that only apply to the goalkeeper & only if committed inside the Penalty Box (the goalkeeper is treated like a regular field player when he is outside the Penalty Box): 1. The Goalkeeper can only handle it again after an opponent touches or if it is accidentally kicked back or if it is headed or chested back by a teammate. or if a player tries to head a low ball that an opponent is trying to kick. Once released. knee. then the player who is putting himself in danger would be guilty of dangerous play.). the Referee will tend to favor the goalkeeper if there is a collision. 4. Another example would be any action that might endanger the goalkeeper within the Penalty Box. A player who attempts to prevent the Goalkeeper from putting the ball into play by standing directly in front of the Goalkeeper can be called for breaking this rule or for "unsporting behavior". "Impeding the Progress of an Opponent". a dangerous act (such as a high kick) isn't "dangerous play" unless an opponent is nearby.. However. Taking more than six seconds while controlling the ball with his hands before releasing it (releasing it can include throwing it.e. the player can legally screen an opponent from the ball. Read b. However. 3. Preventing the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands. 2. 3. It isn't necessary for someone to be hurt for dangerous play to be called. For example.e.2 and b. Generally. Impeding the progress of an opponent used to be called "obstruction". The rule also applies to "innocently" impeding the goalkeeper by standing in front of him when he has the ball. a player cannot use his body to impede another players movements. for "unsporting behavior". Any time a yellow or red card is shown & a direct kick isn't awarded (e. persistently breaking the rules. slide tackling with spikes high would be dangerous play.. in which case both a Yellow Card & an indirect kick would be awarded.. The indirect free kick is taken from where the offense occurred.g. if a player is within playing distance & able to play the ball (meaning not laying on the ground). 2. dribbling it and then picking it back up).g. etc. (Note: It is okay to pick up an accidentally kicked ball or a pass from a teammate that isn't "kicked" but is made using the head. kicking it or dropping it to the ground and then kicking or dribbling it. dropping the ball. (You usually see this when a ball is going out of bounds & the player whose team will get the throw-in screens the opponent so the opponent can't save the ball). the goalkeeper can't pick up a throw-in from a teammate).3 above. 4. even if the opponent isn't contacted. Examples would be a high kick when an opponent is nearby. it is "live").. even if it is not deliberate.

Their job is to link the defense and the offense through ball control and passing. ‡ Wingers ± The outside forwards and midfielders (often the fastest players and best dribblers) who play on the sides of the field. They play in front of the rest of their team (or in the attaching third of the field) where they can take most of the shots. and often a team's leader. Their primary task is to provide them with accurate crossing passes so they can shoot at the goal. ‡ Goalie ± Abbreviation for Goalkeeper. ‡ Defender ± A player who works mainly in the defensive third of the field. ‡ Striker ± Generally the same as a forward. ‡ Goalkeeper ± I bet you know this one. ‡ Central Defender ± A player who guards the area directly in front of their own goal. a single defender that plays closest to their own goal behind the rest of the defenders. a team's last line of defense in front of the goalkeeper. The player positioned directly in front of the goal who tries to prevent shots from crossing the goal line. though it sometimes refers to a forward that is his team¶s primary scoring threat. they support the offense by providing passes to forwards to set up goals. ‡ Forward ± A player who is responsible for most of a team's scoring. . ‡ Keeper ± Abbreviation for Goalkeeper. creating scoring opportunities for the attackers. often considered the strongest defender. ‡ Midfielder ± A player generally positioned in the middle third of the field between the forwards and defenders. the only player allowed to use their hands and arms.Player positions Advanced Soccer Positions Terms ‡ Attacking Midfielder ± The midfielder that plays right behind the forwards. ‡ Stopper ± The player that defends or guards the best scorer on the attacking team. ‡ Defensive Midfielder ± The player positioned just in front of their team's defense and often assigned to mark the opposition's best offensive player. ‡ Fullback ± a rear defender. Basic Soccer Position Terms ‡ Backs ± Refers to defenders. though only within the 18-yard penalty area. ‡ Halfback ± Same as a midfielder. They play both an attacking role and a defensive role. ‡ Finisher ± A forward or striker who has the ability to "put away" or score when opportunities are given to them. often the opposition's striker. ‡ Sweeper ± Not always used. In some formations. ‡ Central Midfielder ± The midfielder most responsible for organizing play in the midfield area. They are primarily focused on stopping the opposition¶s attackers from scoring. tends to play more defense as a midfielder. ‡ Central Forward ± A team's best-scoring forward who plays towards the center of the field.

was considered more defensive than the 4-2-4. Everything is relative.Formations (systems of play) The 4-4-2 ‡ England used the 4-4-2 formation en route to securing its first and only World Cup title in 1966. the 4-4-2 is one of the preferred formations of today's modern game. Saying that. the 4-3-3 would be considered an attacking formation in some quarters. The 4-3-3 ‡ Many North American Soccer League teams used the 4-3-3 formation in the 1970s. But compared to today's more cautious approach. This formation. The theory in using another player in the midfield is that it bottles up the opposition in the midfield before they can get to the attacking third. which utilized a sweeper (free safety). . moving one midfielder up to the forward position. putting a lot more pressure on the two players up front to score goals. A forward is moved into the midfield.

To take advantage of this formation. you operating at peak efficiency suffers in ball must have talented and skillful midfielders and forwards possession and scoring chances.Formations (systems of play) continued The 4-2-4 The 3-5-2 The 4-2-4 formation is the most offensive-minded in ‡ Today's game is won or lost in the midfield. with 17-year-old Pelé. The 1958 world champions of Brazil. which is why the 3-5-2 formation is popular. although two outside big time when the opposition possesses the ball. modern times. . made this strategy famous and A team that doesn't have its midfield made it work. midfielders may have more defensive responsibilities than their mates. So. many to strike early and hold the ball for long periods of time coaches like to use as many as five because the pressure is on the midfield and defense midfielders.

with the foot parallel to the ground) & the ankle locked. Teach the proper motion by first having the player place his striking foot flat against the back of the ball (about 5" above the ground) and pushing the ball toward the target and following through toward the target. (If a player can't remember to raise his foot.. Place the "plant" foot about 4" from the side of the ball. The plant foot can be toward the middle or back of the ball. Make contact with the arch. Head over ball. not near the toes.Passing and Receiving ‡ The Inside-of. whichever the player prefers.5" off the ground (if too low the ball will pop up) & contact the ball on the back part of foot (under the anklebone). This will help him to remember). ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ . This step provides power to the pass. If you want the ball to go to the left or right (instead of straight in front) you must angle your foot & contact the ball more in front or behind. have him do the same. (A push & follow-through. try it). (The direction the plant foot points is important because that is the direction the hips will face. Receiving A Pass Using Inside-of-Foot: ‡ ‡ Receive the ball even with the toes of the plant foot (or a little in front). below the anklebone & follow through toward the target so the ball has top spin. the ball & the target are in a straight line. it is this step that gives power to the pass). have him practice by raising his foot higher than the ball & then bringing the foot down in front of the ball to stop it. Be sure he contacts the ball with his toes pulled up (i. depending on whether you want it to go left or right.e.foot pass ‡ ‡ Have the player face the target & "square up" so he. Stiffen or relax the receiving foot so the ball stops about one step away (so you can quickly take one step & strike it. Pull the toes up so the foot is parallel with the ground (not pointing downward). However. looking down. not a jab. Be sure the receiving foot is 4" . Then. pointing toward the target. jabbing a 1-touch pass is okay). both knees slightly bent. Think of a tennis serve. so the player. except start one step back from the ball.the. If the pass goes into the air it means it was struck too low. ball & the target are in a straight line.

‡ Bring the ball over the head behind the ears with your arms loose and elbows bent and flared out. ‡ Stand with your feet a little more than shoulder-width apart with one foot in front of the other (start at a standstill first. ensure that the index fingers and thumbs are as close as possible (almost forming a "W" or "U" shape with fingers on the ball). then add 1 step. Fingers should be spread to maintain control of the ball. ‡ Thrust the ball forward resulting in your entire body going forward.Throw-ins ‡ Secure the ball with both hands. neck. ‡ Bring your head. behind or on the touchline. . then 2. If you prefer. shoulder-width apart. bending at the knees. place your feet parallel. ‡ Release the ball as it just goes past the head. ‡ Face the field. Parts of both feet must remain on the ground at all times. shoulders and trunk back. and so on).

the goal post furthest from the ball. Hand Ball. Pitch. Corner Kick.when a player runs around and ahead of the ball for a pass. A deceptive move to fool an opponent Goal Kick.the skill of keeping the ball in the air your feet and other various parts of the body. The result is a direct free kick.A goal kick is taken by the defending team when the ball goes over the goal line and was last touched by an offensive player.. Pressure. Cross-when a ball comes across the field from a sideline towards the goal. Goal Line/End Line.using touches with your feet to control the ball.A direct free kick taken from the corner.a soccer field.a pass using the side of your foot keeping the ball close to the ground.the technique of receiving a ball from the air or the ground and then bring it under control to put the ball back into play.the defensive concept of guarding another player Offside-when a receiver of a pass is positioned on his opponents half of the field with less than two defenders between him and the end at the moment the ball is passed. Tackling.Using your feet to steal the ball from an opponent Touchline.the player with possession of the ball Advantage-law permitting a referee to recognize a fouls but not call it and allow the game to continue if he feel it is in the best interest of the player who was fouled.Soccer Terms ‡ Attacker. One Touch Passing or Shooting.The INTENTIONAL use of the hands by a field player.AKA fake.The boundary line at each end of the field where the goals are.a player whose primary duties is to work the attacking half of the field Sweeper-a player positioned behind the fullback and in front of the goalie. It happen when the ball goes across the goal line and was last touched by a defender. Collecting. Chip-when a ball is kicked using a stabbing motion which lofts the ball over the opponents head. Striker. He has the freedom to play on either side of the field. Dribbling. Indirect Free Kick. Far Post..A free kick that can be shot on goal without the ball being touched by another player.A free kick that cannot score with out first being touched by another player.To pass or shoot on the first touch of the ball. Shielding-a technique where the player with the ball positions his body between the ball and the defender. Juggling. Cover. Over lap. Center Line-the halfway line drawn across the center of the field Chop or cut-a deliberate change of direction with the ball. Direct Free Kick. Feinting. Marking.The lines at the side of the field . Challenge-when a defender tries to steal the ball from the attacker.refers to a defender putting pressure on his opponent with the ball Push Pass.A defensive concept to help back up a fellow defender putting pressure on the ball.

important lines and correct player positions: 15. Juggling. Over Lap. formed and what does it stand for? 5. 3-3-4 18. Challenge. List the basic player positions used in the game of soccer. Offside. What are the six fouls that result in a direct kick? 12. 5-3-2 17.Y.S. What happens when the ball travels out over the sideline? 8. Shielding . When is a kickoff used in the game of soccer? 10. Tackling. What are the two systems of play for a strong offensive set up? 14. Draw and label a field with the systems of play. What happened to the game of Soccer in 1914? 4. What is the difference between a direct kick and an indirect kick? 11.A. stand for? 3. What does F. What happened to the game of Soccer in 1999? 2. When was the U.Soccer Worksheet 1. 2-3-5 16. One-touch Pass. What are the five fouls that result in an indirect kick? 13. Far post. Pressure. The penalty area has five rules you must follow.A. What are the dimensions of a Soccer field? 6. What happens when the ball travels out over the end line? 7. what are they? 9.S. 4-4-2 Questions 19-30 Define the following terms: Advantage. Touchline .I.F. Hand ball.

shtml http://www.soccersaurus.html .com/glossary.com/Soccer_Positions_Basics.soccer-for-parents.Work cited ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ http://www.sportsknowhow.dummies.shtml#fouls http://www.com/Soccer_Tips_Dictionary_Terms_F.com/Soccer_Field_Diagram.com/soccer-positions.com/soccer/dimensions/soccer-dimensions.soccerhelp.shtml http://www.soccerhelp.com/WileyCDA/DummiesArticle/id-644.html http://ezinearticles.html http://www.com/Overview.htm http://www.soccerhelp.soccerhelp.htm http://www.asp?PageAction=VIEWCATS&Category=35 http://www.org/history/us_soccer_history.com/?Basic-Soccer-Rules&id=256493 http://www.soccerhall.coachingsoccer101.shtml http://www.com/index.

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