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# DIGITAL SIGNAL & IMAGE PROCESSING

Proakis and D. Ludeman 2.G.REFERENCES 1.The Analysis and Processing of Sinals By: Paul Lynn 4. Manolakis . D.Digital Signal Processing By: William Stanley By Paul Lynn 3.Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing By: Lonnie C.Digital Signal Processing By: Schaffer and Gold By: J.

Theory and Application of DSP By: Rabiner and Gold 6.5. By: Burger and Burge .Digital Image Processing By: Gongalez and Woods 7.Digital Image Processing using Java.

Histograms  4-Point Operations .Digital Images  3.Contents  1.Fundamentals of Discrete-Time Systems  2.

Introduction  Digital Signal Processing = 3 words  Definition of each word:  The word ³signal´ What is a signal? * A signal is a pattern of variation that carry information. x and y. . * Signals are represented mathematically as a function of one or more independent variable * A picture is brightness as a function of two spatial variables.

g.Examples of signals  Electrical signals like voltages. sound: air pressure variation at a point as a function of time p(t)  Video signals like intensity variation in an image  Biological signal like sequence of bases in gene  Noise which will be treated as unwanted signal . current and  EM field in circuit  Acoustic signals like audio or speech signals (analog or digital) e.

. Signals can be one-dimensional. twodimensional or three-dimensional  This course is concerned with onedimensional signals as a function of time.

The word ³digital´  Signals are classified as continuous-time & discrete-time  If the signal is defined on a continuous time range Such as:  Speech  Temperature  Seismic wave .

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Discrete-time Signals A discrete-time signal x[n] is defined only at discrete instances .

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Sampling .

Quantization .

The word ³Processing´ Processing purposes:  Characteristic parameter  Signal conversion  Removing noise or unwanted signals  System Characterization Examples« Noise reduction Data compression Representation for recognition/classification« .

) Noise Reduction (classical smoothing) Signal Analysis (transitions. sharpen images.The purposes of the DSP operations are varied. etc. Wavelet)       . patterns. frequency distribution. Some of the more important ones are    Correct Distortion (de-blurr) Signal Decomposition (separate messages or separate message and noise) Feature Enhancement (boost signal components.) Signal Compression Signal Encryption Signal Transformation (Fourier. peaks. Walsh. etc.

DSP Applications         Radar Acoustics Speech Nuclear Biomedical Engineering Seismic Data Analysis Oil Exploitation Medical Imaging .

DSP consists of two parts: 1.Digital Filter ±Digital Processor.Processor Design (Noise removal.Signal Analysis (characteristics. information contents. noise or unwanted signals) 2. «) Digital system.Course Description Generally. signal separation. .