RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

Our power, our future

Renewable energy resource
An energy resource that is replaced rapidly by natural processes. Some examples of renewable energy resources are sunlight, hydropower (water falling through a dam), and wood. When you use some sunlight to warm your back, more is made almost immediately available. Water above the dam is continually replaced by rainfall. If you chop down a tree and burn its wood in your campfire, it takes awhile for the forest to grow enough to replace that wood, but it will happen within your lifetime.

Biomass energy .Types of Renewable resources 1.Tidal energy 6.Solar energy 2.Geothermal energy 5.Wind energy 3.Hydro energy 4.

our future .RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES Our power.

.Solar energy Solar power is energy that is created by the sun and is the power from it. used in order to produce energy for many things here on earth. Solar energy is growing in popularity because it¶s the most abundant and the most cost effective energy source we have. renewable and doesn¶t cost anything. The amount of energy the sun gives to the earth in one day. can power the whole planet and its energy needs for an entire year. This type of energy is also clean.

Solar Energy Advantages: Solar energy is nonpolluting. a long time. can be very expensive. cloudy other solar powered products are also very easy days. Disadvantages: 1. Although we cannot utilize the power of the sun Solar powered lights and at night or on stormy. Solar cells/panels. 2. to install .. 3. etc. etc.Solar power cannot be Solar cells require very little maintenance and they last created at night.

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Wind turbines are a great resource to generate energy in remote locations. y.The main disadvantage regarding wind power is down to the winds unreliability factor. this energy source is great for developed and developing countries to provide a steady. requiring multiple wind turbines to be built in order to make an impact. as no fossil fuels are burnt to generate electricity from wind energy. Newer technologies are making the extraction of wind energy much more efficient.Wind Energy Advantages: Wind energy is friendly to the surrounding environment. People feel the countryside should be left in tact for everyone to enjoy it's beauty.. 2. 5. Another advantage of wind energy is that when combined with solar electricity. 4. Wind turbines take up less space than the average power station. Disadvantages: 1.Wind turbine construction can be very expensive and costly to surrounding wildlife during the build process. such as mountain communities and remote countryside.Protests and/or petitions usually confront any proposed wind farm development. reliable supply of electricity.The noise pollution from commercial wind turbines is sometimes similar to a small jet engine. . 3.Wind turbines generally produce allot less electricity than the average fossil fuelled power station.

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the building of the Hoover Dam in the USA triggered a number of earth quakes and has depressed the earth¶s surface at its location.Advantages: Hydro Power Plant Disadvantages: 1. The building of large dams can cause serious geological damage. Dams are designed to last many decades and so can contribute to the generation of electricity for many years / decades. They do not pollute the atmosphere. Dams are extremely expensive to build and must be built to a very high standard. when the water is released to produce electricity. 4. People living in villages and towns that are in the valley to be flooded. 2. stopping electricity generation. the sluice gates can be shut. 3. When in use. 2. The water can be saved for use another time when electricity demand is high. 5. If electricity is not needed. . electricity produced by dam systems do not produce green house gases. The high cost of dam construction means that they must operate for many decades to become profitable. The flooding of large areas of land means that the natural environment is destroyed.The build up of water in the lake means that energy can be stored until needed. 3. Once a dam is constructed. This means that they lose their farms and businesses. must move out. 5. 4. 1. electricity can be produced at a constant rate. For example.

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a renewable energy source. and alcohol fuels.Biomass energy Biomass. Biomass is commonly plant matter grown to generate electricity or produce heat. or recently living organisms. It also includes plant or animal matter used for production of fibers or chemicals.such as wood. Biomass may also include biodegradable wastes that can be burnt as fuel. is biological material from living. waste. . (hydrogen) gas.

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also called tidal energy. in combination with Earth's rotation.Tidal Energy Tidal power. are responsible for the generation of the tides . Tidal power is the only form of energy which derives directly from the relative motions of the Earth±Moon system. Tidal forces produced by the Moon and Sun. is a form of hydropower that converts the energy of tides into electricity or other useful forms of power.

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Geothermal energy Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth. from volcanic activity. from radioactive decay of minerals. . Thermal energy is energy that determines the temperature of matter. Earth's geothermal energy originates from the original formation of the planet. and from solar energy absorbed at the surface.

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Jatropha curcas This plant will grow in wastelands. which may be used directly ("Straight Vegetable Oil") to fuel combustion engines or we can produce biodiesel. one hectare of plantation will give 400 to 600 litres of oil if the soil is average. . Oil content varies from 28% to 30% and 80% extraction. The oily seeds are processed into oil.

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green algae produce food through the process of photosynthesis. and the gold needles relayed the electricity to an external device that recorded the electricity. which involves the conversion of sunlight into electrical energy. In order to harness the electricity. The cell membranes of the algae simply closed around the gold needles. . The algae produced electricity via photosynthesis. the scientists stuck the algal cells with very thin gold needles--on the order of nanometer thickness (one-millionth of a millimeter). Harnessing the electricity from photosynthesis was the big challenge that the scientists faced.Green algae Like all green plants.

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Threats One day world will become so dark in the field of energy. Changes cannot be done in one or two days. There will be huge demand in electricity. .

Also the government should encourage this activity in all aspects. . All should participate in utilizing renewable energy sources.Steps to be taken Aware people about renewable resources.

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