On July 1. the world famous picture logo with the light bulb also made its first appearance 1985 OSRAM integrates as the first manufacturer the electronic ballasts (ECG).The brand name of OSRAM was "born" in 1906 and registered by the Deutsche Gasglühlicht-Anstalt In 1919. 1919 AEG. Siemens & Halske AG and Deutsche Gasglühlicht AG (Auer Gesellschaft) merged their light bulb production activities .

COMPANY PROFILE This global player has its headquarters in Munich and employs more than 41.7 billion euros. Osram is one of the two largest lighting manufacturers in the world and has 48 factories in 17 countries Osram India is growing at very fast growth rate for last few years.000 people throughout the world. In the 2007 fiscal year (to the end of September) sales amounted to 4. .


Worldwide sales by markets .

Employees .

Light from OSRAM shines in all the 32 States and Union Territories Currently OSRAM India has over 800 employees and sales of over 3 billion Rupees The company is a pioneer of innovative products in General Lighting.OSRAM INDIA OSRAM India is one of the leading lamp manufacturers in the country. Automotive Lighting. . Photo Optics and Electronic Control Gear.


CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy saving lamps Halogen lamps Energy Saver Calculator LED Lamps .

Energy saving lamps .

when it comes to purchase prices.Energy saving lamps OSRAM energy saving lamps live up to 15 times longer and consume up to 80% less energy than conventional light bulbs. OSRAM energy saving lamps quickly pay for themselves and save you money for a long time to come .

Halogen lamps .

Halogen lamps y Halogen lamp is an incandescent lamp with a tungsten filament contained within an inert gas and a small amount of a halogen such as iodine or bromine. The halogen lamp can operate its filament at a higher temperature than a standard gas filled lamp of similar power without loss of operating life . The combination of the halogen gas and the tungsten filament produces a chemical reaction known as a halogen cycle that increases the lifetime of the bulb and prevents its darkening by redepositing tungsten from the inside of the bulb back onto the filament.

LED lamps .

high power light-emitting diodes with higher lumen output are making it possible to replace other lamps with LED lamps. multiple diodes are often used together. "LED lamp" may in general refer to conventional semiconductor light-emitting diodes. to organic LEDs (OLED). In recent years. as diode technology has improved. or polymer light-emitting diodes (PLED) devices. The term "LED lightbulb" is also colloquially used. One high power LED chip used in some commercial LED lights can emit 7527 lumens while using only 100 watts.y lamps can be made interchangeable with other types of lamps. y Since the light output of individual light-emitting diodes is small compared to incandescent and compact fluorescent lamps. although OLED and PLED technologies are not commercially available in 2010. A light- emitting-diode lamp is a solid-state lamp that uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as the source of light.[1] LED .

PROFESSIONAL PRODUCTS Compact fluorescent lamps High Intensity Discharge lamps Electronic Control Gears (ECGs) .

Compact fluorescent lamps .

is a type of fluorescent lamp .Compact fluorescent lamps  A compact fluorescent lamp (CFL). also known as a compact fluorescent light or energy saving light (or less commonly as a compact fluorescent tube).

reducing the cost of converting to fluorescent. Integrated CFLs work well in many standard incandescent light fixtures.Construction y The most important technical advance has been the replacement of electromagnetic ballasts with electronic ballasts. . this has removed most of the flickering and slow starting traditionally associated with fluorescent lighting. These lamps allow consumers to replace incandescent lamps easily with CFLs. Integrated lamps combine a tube. y There are two types of CFLs: integrated and non-integrated lamps. an electronic ballast and either an Edison screw or a bayonet fitting in a single unit.

Components  CFLs have two main components: a gas-filled tube (also called bulb or burner) and a magnetic or electronic ballast  Standard shapes of CFL tube are single-turn double helix. triple-turn. and butterfly. quad-turn. a filter capacitor and usually two switching transistors connected as a high-frequency resonant series DC to AC inverter .  Electronic ballasts contain a small circuit board with rectifiers. circular. double-turn.

High Intensity Discharge lamps .

it heats and evaporates the metal salts forming a plasma. which greatly increases the intensity of light produced by the arc and reduces its power consumption . The gas facilitates the arc's initial strike. Once the arc is started. high-intensity discharge (HID) lamp is a type of electrical lamp which produces light by means of an electric arc between tungsten electrodes housed inside a translucent or transparent fused quartz fused alumina arc tube  This tube is filled with both gas and metal salts.

The process begins with the cutting of straight glass shells.. PROCESS OF MAKING CFL .

The shells are bent into a u shape. .

The tubes are washed in a chemically purified water at a temperature of 65-75 degrees centigrade . .

After the wash the tubes are dried for about 25 minutes at a temperature of about 80 degrees centigrade .

A coating of fluorescent powder prepared with a binder and purified water is then applied to the glass shells. The fluorescent powder is a combination of phosphor (containing calcium phosphate. aluminum oxide) and polyethylene oxide and dispersion agents .

The tubes are dried and put in a baking machine that maintains a temperature of about 550 degrees centigrade. After three minutes the tubes are taken out and a fluorescent-whitening agent is applied .

The filament is slipped inside the tubes .

The ends of the glass tubes are cleaned and they are mounted on a sealing machine for locking the filament inside the tube .

The tubes are vacuumed in an exhaust machine and mercury and argon are introduced into the tubes while the cathodes are heated .

.T rc ry ca at liq i . T it r cat i t f r st r t f ll ts r rc ry i t gas.

The tubes are sealed using a tipping machine and the electrical components such as the ballast are soldered with the tubes .

The CFLs are capped with a plastic base and sent for uality checking that involves grading of CFLs based on their luminescence .


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