A Glossary of Shot Types

€ The establishing shot is an EXTREME LONG SHOT which reveals the location of a new scene. .

a person) and usually much of its surroundings. .€ The LONG SHOT shows all of a fairly large subject (i.e.

€ A shot which shows the human figure from the waist up is called the MEDIUM SHOT or MID-SHOT. .

€ A shot that frames the figure from chest height is often referred to as a MEDIUM CLOSE UP. .

usually in a Medium Shot or Medium Close Up framing.€ The Two Shot is simply any shot where you are including only two characters. .

.€ The CLOSE UP shot of a person shows just the head and neck area but it can also be used as a CUTAWAY (or INSERT) to show a vital piece of information.

.€ The EXTREME CLOSE UP shows a small part of the scene in great detail so that it fills the screen.

€ The shots you choose will have an influence on the way your viewer will interpret the scene. Storyboards are used to develop an interesting variety of shots .

.€ A CLOSE UP will give you a much more intimate feel to your scene as it allows us to see the emotion on someone·s face.

How does it make you feel? What are the connotations produced by this angle? ‡ Danger ‡ Threat ‡ Strength ‡ We are in a vulnerable position . Look at the shot below.€ You can create meaning through using different angles of shot.

What effect does this create for the viewer? What are the connotations? .€ The shots below were taken from a High Angle or Birds-Eye View.

€ Framing the shot with an uneven horizon is known as a Canted Shot or ¶Dutch· and can create an unsettling effect on the viewer. .

.€ OVER THE SHOULDER SHOTS have become conventionally used in dialogue sequences. The amount of shoulder/head included in the frame can provide varying connotations as to the characters· relationship.

€ Scenery and other items can be used as a framing device to draw attention to an important element or character within the scene. .

. Including something in the foreground to your subject can create interest and prevents your shots feeling ¶flat·.€ Make use of the whole frame. This includes depth.

€ Initially hiding certain information from a viewer sets up questions which you can later answer (or not). See the shots below? What are your questions? .

€ Take a two minute sequence from a film of your choice and list all of the different camera angles. When and why are these shots used? What effect did they create? € .

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