 An

Art and Science of manipulating individual atoms and molecules to create useful materials, devices and system. aimed to work at atomic and molecular scales, approximately 1 - 100 nanometer range.

 is


 Nanoparticles – Catalysts for industrial chemical processing Nanocapsules

– Possible organ specific drug delivery  Nanomaterials – Improved strength and weight.
 Nanomechanical devices

Nanoelectronic devices

– Computation – Communication • DNA sequencing  Point-of-care clinical diagnoses  Fundamental studies of molecular biology



Improve imaging of the human body. Nanoprobes (miniature machines) can attach themselves to particles in the body like antibodies and produce magnetic field. This allows tracking of complicated biological system. Nanoprobes have been found to kill cancer in mice.


The drug can hit the exact spot where the medication needs to be. Hence is more effective. 

 A heart attack is the blockage of major

blood vessels that support the heart.

Nanobots can fix this problem by clearing clots that start to appear and move the material along.


 makes the spacecraft lighter and finer, hence letting it breakthrough air and space.

• is used in an astronaut body
nanochip can detect where the bones aren't dense enough help warn off germs and • diseases in space as the microgravity can also have an effect on the immune system as well as the skeletal system.  is inserted in space food to help keep bacteria away even without refrigeration ,and make it lighter .
Optical image of MARS analogs

Nanolithograp hy - Simulated MARS dust

miniaturization, key thrust area to enable new science and exploration missions ---ultra small sensors, & propulsion systems with very low mass & power cnsumption are needed

Faster, better, cheaper space transportation with nanotubes

allotropes of carbon with a nanostructure.  Hollow cylinders made of carbon atoms . novel properties ---- extraordinary strength , unique electrical properties, are efficient conductors of heat. Potentially useful in nanotechnology, electronics, optics, other fields of materials science, architectural fields.
  

nature of the bonding of a nanotube is described by ---orbital hybridization. naturally align themselves into "ropes" held together by Van der Waals forces. Under high pressure, merges together, producing strong, unlimited-length wires .

TO make hydrogen vehicles practical ... someday

to make spacecrafts lighter and finer.

to create computers more powerful .

 as building material for the next generation televisions, although the improvements of LCDs, OLCDs.   as nano-wires or as active components in electronic devices. catalyst supports.

help agriculture in the world.

--- reduce pesticide use, --- improve plant and animal breeding, --- Nanobots may attach to cattle to prevent them from disease- Mad Cow Disease , i.e malfunction in brain and spinal cord due to which there is trouble to stand up.

Food ‘fortification’ : increase the nutritional claims about a given processed food. E.g junk foods like ice cream and chocolate.

prevent diseases through badly cooked foods , by thermostabilizing food so bacteria won't come.

• Beneficial for the energy production infrastructure worldwide.  provides a lot of surface, which lets heat and light enter more efficiently.  titanium dioxide (low purity material) is used in nanocrystalline cells.


They are quite cheap .

self-assembling properties of chemicals at the nano-scale level promotes electron flow. • Such cells could be combined with logic circuits to create photo-optical computers that carry their own power source with them. • Use of fossil fuels and its destructive impacts could be dramatically reduced.


Such robots are going to enter in your body and going to take full charge over it.

1 > To cure skin diseases: achieve the elusive goal of 'deep pore cleaning' cleaning by actually reaching down into pores and cleaning them out. 2> A mouthwash full of smart nanomachines could identify and destroy pathogenic bacteria .

3> helps in unblocking of arteries affected by plaques, hence preventing heart attacks.

Chemical nanocomputing: • Computing is based on chemical reactions (bond breaking & bond making) • Inputs are encoded in the molecular structure of the reactants and outputs are can be extracted from the structure of the products.

DNA – Size ~1nm

can store vast quantities data in its sequence of four bases (A,G,T,C) & natural enzymes can manipulate this information.

 nanostructures useful for wires,

switches, rectifiers & memories.

 Biological – ATP synthase


– Kinesin, Actin important for muscle movement

• 10 nm nanomachine at the mitochondria membrane • convert ADP to ATP • Extremely important for metabolism

10 nm

The clothing industry is starting to feel the effects of nanotechnology. embedded nanoparticles create stain-repellent khakis,hence reducing demand of detergent markers and dry


It’s really a revolutionary, transformative, powerful and potential new technology for reconstructing nature at the atomic and molecular level. And very recently you gonna feel it!!!!!


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