Oral communication

Presented by: Rishav Mishra Rounak Nayak Sambit Sahu Sangram Jena Saswat Sathpathy

Oral communication  

According to the University of Virginia, "oral communication is the effective interpretation, composition, and presentation of information, ideas, and values to a specific audience." Oral communication describes any type of inter-action that makes use of spoken words, and it is a vital, integral part of the modern business world.

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and demanded. Murphy and Herbert W.³ "The ability to communicate effectively through speaking as well as in writing is highly valued. Hildebrandt . " According to Herta A.  "Knowing the content of the functional areas of business is important. in business. but to give life to those ideas²in meetings or in solo presentations² demands an effective oral presentation.

make business proposals and pass legislation.Oral communication: Significance Communication is used daily to talk to friends. sell products and train employees. It is the exchange of messages between a sender and a receiver. . Effective communication is the ability to send a message and have it be understood in its entirety. Oral communication is used in business to make deals.

. teleconferences. telephone calls. speeches. or videoconferences. personal discussions. telephone discourse. presentations. and informal conversation. Oral communication with those outside of the organization might take the form of face-toface meetings.Types of Oral communication   The types of oral communication commonly used within an organization include staff meetings.

who often shoulder much of the burden in such areas as client/customer presentations. Conversation management skills are essential for small business owners and managers. employee interviews. . and conducting meetings.

it should be: Clear Relevant Tactful in phraseology and tone Concise. Presentations or conversations that bear these hallmarks can be an valuable tool in ensuring business health and growth.Effectiveness of Oral Communication       For oral communication to be effective. and informative. .

alienate employees or customers. can waste valuable time. Unclear. and destroy goodwill toward management or the overall business. . on the other hand. or inconsiderate business communication. inaccurate.

.Oral Presentations    The public presentation is generally recognized as the most important of the various genres of oral business communication. or to entertain. Business presentations tend to have one of three general purposes: to persuade. The first step in preparing a public speech or remarks is to determine the essential purpose/goal of the communication. to inform or instruct.

These ideas should be researched thoroughly and adapted to the needs of the audience. and a summary or conclusion . a main body or text.  The purpose is to include the main ideas in the presentation. The ideas should then be organized to include an introduction.

visual aids should be meaningful. creative. or presented using a slide projector. and interesting in order to help the speaker get a message across. Whether they are displayed on chalkboards. flip charts.  The introduction should grab the listener's interest and establish the theme of the remainder of the presentation. or computer program. The conclusion should restate the key points and summarize the overarching message that is being conveyed. Visual aids are an important component of many oral presentations. overhead projector. . The main body should concentrate on points of emphasis. dry-erase boards.

etc. the speaker should rehearse out loud and revise as needed to fit time constraints. A good oral presentation will include transitional phrases to help listeners move through the material. and will not be overly long or technical.  Once the presentation has been organized and the visual aids have been selected. cover points of emphasis. Professional and gracious presentation is another key to effective communication .

  Use the event as an opportunity to promote good will. by reading from a manuscript. . Instead. honor the occasion. and compliment the attendees. or from memory. talk about what the audience wants to hear.³ Oral presentations can be delivered extemporaneously (from an outline or notes). or controversy. criticism. Radiate success and optimism. Avoid complaints. These will alienate the audience and destroy your credibility quickly. Praise your host.

  The delivery of effective oral presentations requires a speaker to consider his or her vocal pitch. It is important to incorporate changes in vocal pitch to add emphasis and avoid monotony. Speakers should be careful not to add extraneous words or sounds²such as "um. and volume. " "you know. " or "okay"²between words or sentences in a presentation. rate. .

and facial expression are also important factors in developing good oral communication skills. "Thus good posture suggests poise and confidence." . Nonverbal elements such as posture. gestures. "Your outward appearance mirrors your inner mood. but erect with your weight about equally distributed on each foot. stand neither at rigid attention nor with sloppy casualness draped over the podium.

Interpersonal Oral Communication  Interpersonal oral communication is the exchange of words between two individuals. Interpersonal oral communication is the most effective when one is able to predict what the other person will understand. Effective interpersonal oral communication will encourage. This form of communication is commonly seen between friends. . but is not limited to people who know one another. educate and inspire. co-workers and within families. The purpose of interpersonal communication is to build and maintain relationships.

Use carefully worded transitions as you move trough the presentation. Keep your outline clear and simple. Oral design should be oriented to time rather than space.10 Principles For Better Oral Communication      Design a dynamic format than a static one. Emphasize main ideas by placement and reiteration. .

Use language best suited to the ear. not the eye. Plan the introductory segments carefully. . Plan the whole design from the audience point of view. Plan the closing segments of the design carefully.     Plan carefully for a combination of inductive and deductive movement.

 Thank You .

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