Network operating system

An operating system for managing machines in network

Introduction
‡ Network Operating Systems extend the facilities and services provided by computer operating systems to support a set of computers, connected by a network. The environment managed by a network operating system consists of an interconnected group of machines that are loosely connected.

network operating systems provide services to the programs that run on top of the operating system. .Comparison between OS and NOS ‡ Like regular operating systems. the type of services and the manner in which the services are provided are quite different. ‡ In addition. the implementation of these services requires the use of multiple machines. However. The services tend to be much more complex than those provided by regular operating systems. message passing and server processes.

Remote procedure call service2 ‡ 5. remote file service ‡ 3. Directory and naming service ‡ 4. Transparent. Object and Brokerage service ‡ 6. Remote memory service . Remote logon and file transfer ‡ 2.Services provided by the NOS ‡ The set of typical services provided by a network operating system includes (but are not limited to): ‡ 1. Time and synchronization service ‡ 7.

Novell Netware.Examples of NOS ‡ commonly available network operating systems include Linux (freeware). . SunOS/Solaris. Unix and Windows NT.

. but Windows NT has a separately developed kernel.Introduction to Microsoft Windows NT ‡ Windows NT (for "New Technology") is a 32bit operating system developed by Microsoft. ‡ Windows NT's outward appearance makes it look a lot like Windows 95/98/Millennium.

which means that depending on the user who is connected to the system. ‡ Windows NT has more security. ‡ Windows NT is a multi-user system. in particular for the file system (NTFS) as well as for the robustness of the OS. . ‡ Windows NT natively supports numerous network features. as might system privileges. the interface might be different.Characteristics of window NT ‡ Windows NT is a preemptive multitasking system.

SunOS 4.Sun solaris ‡ Sun Solaris also known as SunOS or Sun is the name of the Sun company's Unix variant operating system that was originally installed on SPARC computers.x (as part of Solaris 1. and supports multiprocessing. It is sold together with the OPENLOOK user interface OpenWindows. This bundle is known as Solaris. but not yet multithreading .1.x) is a BSD Unix system.

e.‡ Further development of Solaris 1 was discontinued at the end of 1998. 64-bit processors and the use of Ultra-Creator graphics for 2-D and 3-D applications are supported. Sun has launched a Version 2. . Beginning with Version 2.5 onward. The allocation of the processors is done automatically. This is an implementation of System V.x.2 it also supports multithreading i. In parallel to Solaris 1.x on the market. Executing more than one thread (part of a task) parallely using a single processor is called multithreading. From Solaris Version 2. so that the user does not have to be involved.

which was one of the most popular. ‡ It is one of the "middleaged" Linux distributions.Introduction to RED HAT LINUX ‡ Red Hat Linux is a Linux distribution. . It is assembled by Red Hat. 1.0 was released in November 3. 1994.

uninstalling. but certainly older than many other distributions. as its packaging format.‡ It is not as old as Slackware. and managing software packages in Linux.e. It was the first Linux distribution to use RPM i. originally called the Red-hat Package Manager. RPM Package Manager (also known simply as RPM). . and over time has served as the starting point for several other distributions. is a program for installing.

the final release. although the Fedora Legacy project continues to publish updates. Red Hat has shifted their focus towards the business market and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. 2004. . Red Hat Linux 9. hit its official end-of-life on April 30.‡ Since 2003.

Introduction to window server 2003 ‡ It is a evolutionary step from window 2000 ‡ The basic features are the same but it extends many features of window 2000 .

Windows server 2003 editions ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Standard edition Enterprise edition Datacenter edition Web edition .

Standard edition ‡ Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition is designed with the day-to-day needs of the average enterprise in mind and is the progressive replacement for the Windows NT4 Server/Windows 2000 Server line of server operating systems. ‡ it is suitable for small organizations .

as their needs surpass the functional levels of Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition.Enterprise edition ‡ Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition is designed specifically for the needs of larger customers. Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition is the progressive replacement for the Windows NT4 Server Enterprise Edition/Windows 2000 Advanced Server line of server operating systems. ‡ It is useful to meet all the needs of business of all sizes .

Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition is the progressive replacement for the Windows 2000 Datacenter Server line of operating systems.Datacenter edition ‡ Windows Server 2003 Datacenter Edition is designed specifically for high-end hardware deployments for use on business-critical and mission-critical applications where the highest levels of scalability and availability are required. .

and XML web services . pages . and other components that let you host web applications .Web edition ‡ It is developed to run the websites ‡ It includes IIS 6.0.

and domain settings . change . from our own work station .Brand new in window server 2003 ‡ New remote administration tools  Window server 2003 offers several tools that make it easier to manage servers and domains remotely  We can view . or troubleshoot serverbased services .

RIS was only available for client/workstation versions of windows. we can use the new NET RIS functions to roll out all versions of window server 2003 except datacenter . ‡ With window server 2003.RIS now deploy services ‡ Previously.

when Microsoft divided terminal server into two distinct applications: Administrative mode and application mode ‡ Administrative mode provided two free terminal licenses on the server.Remote desktop ‡ It was actually introduced in windows 2000. so that Administrator could access the server to perform administrative tasks . ‡ Application mode provided the standard terminal server tools for running applications on the server .

in window server 2003.‡ Now. ‡ Because it is a component. so as many administrators as you care to designate can manage your window server 2003 computers remotely . terminal server is used for running applications. and not a separate application ‡ There are no licensing issues. is built in to the operating system . and a new component . Remote Desktop for administration.

An experienced user provides help to a novice user without receiving a request for help . 2.Remote Assistance ‡ It provides a way to work on a remote user s computer without leaving your own desk ‡ It works in either two ways 1. A novice user requests help from an experienced user.

‡ To use remote assistance. the following criteria must be met  The computer must be running either window server 2003 or window XP  The computer must be connected over LAN or the internet .

which are computers that lack monitors. keyboards. VGA display adaptors.Manage headless servers ‡ Remotely administered server support is a new feature that let you install and manage headless computers. or mice .

Using the same database. deploy and update software. .New Active Directory Features ‡ Active Directory stores all information and settings for a deployment in a central database. Active Directory allows administrators to assign policies.

New ways to navigate and manage active directory ‡ It is now easier to find and manipulate AD objects ‡ Search functions are improved .

save and edit queries . and we can use it to create.Saved queries ‡ Active directory users and computers now sports a saved query folder in the console pane.

Availability and reliability improvements ‡ Automated system recovery ‡ Emergency management service management solution that you can use to manage servers remotely when the operating system is not running properly.0. Windows NT Workstation 4. ‡ Program compatibility: checks whether the program is compatible or not ‡ Volume shadow copy service : provide recovery . ‡ User state migration tool It supports migration of individual user settings from Windows 95. and Windows 2000 Professional to a new installation of Windows XP Professional. Windows 98.

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