# IMAGE FORMATIONS IN LENSES AND THIN LENS EQUATIONS

.  Ray 3 goes through the focal point and then travels parallel to the axis after passing through the lens.  Ray 1 is the ray which travels parallel to the axis and after going through the lens it passes through the focal point.The image formed by a converging lens can be made using only three principal rays.  Ray 2 passes through the center of the lens.

.  Ray 2 passes through the center of the lens.  Ray 3 goes through the focal point and then travels parallel to the axis after passing through the lens.The image formed by a diverging lens can be made using only three principal rays:  Ray 1 is the ray which travels parallel to the axis and after going through the lens it passes through the focal point.

Thin LENS Equation You can find the distance of the image from the lens by the following equation: 1/q + 1/p = 1/f. where q is the distance from the lens to the image. p is the distance from the object to the lens. and f is the focal distance of the lens .

Thin LENS Equation .

find the image distance and describe the image.0 cm forms images of objects placed 30.0 cm. Construct a ray diagram.Thin LENS Equation Example:  A converging lens of focal length 10. .

Thin LENS Equation Solution: Construct a ray diagram as shown below. .

.Thin LENS Equation Solution: Use the thin lens equation to find the image distance.

.Thin LENS Equation Solution: Substituting values.

.Thin LENS Equation Solution: Solving for the magnification The image is reduced by one half and the negative sign for M tells us that the image is inverted.

0 cm.0 cm forms images of objects placed 30.Thin LENS Equation Example:  A diverging lens of focal length 10. . find the image distance and describe the image. Construct a ray diagram.

.Thin LENS Equation Solution: Construct a ray diagram as shown below.

Thin LENS Equation Solution: Use the thin lens equation to find the image distance. .

.Thin LENS Equation Solution: Substituting values.

Thin LENS Equation Solution: Solving for the magnification The image is reduced by one fourth and the positive sign for M tells us that the image is upright. .

Find graphically the image location for an object at each of the following distances from a converging lens that has a focal length of 20cm. do = 20 cm  C. do = 15 cm  D.EXERCISE (1 whole by pair) 1. do = 50 cm  B.  A. do = . respectively.40 cm  . Check your results by calculating the image position and the lateral magnification.

You want to use this lens to form an erect virtual image that is 1/3 the height of the object.0 cm from the center of the lens. . You find that a beam of parallel rays spreads out after passing through the lens. (a) Where should the object be placed? (b) Draw the principal ray diagram.EXERCISE (1 whole by pair) 2. as though all the rays came from a point 20.) You are given a thin diverging lens.