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Rebecca Fouts Laura Frye Laura Gray Matt Muller Ariana Pelayo
Introduction to EDI«
What is EDI?
² Electronic Data Interchange is the computer-to-computer exchange of business data and documents between companies using standard formats recognized both nationally and internationally. ² The information used in EDI is organized according to a specified format set by both companies participating in the data exchange.
History of EDI
The general idea behind EDI was originated by a group of railroad companies in the mid-1960·s, in the United States. Much of the early work on EDI was driven by the industry sectors for:
² ² ² ² ² transportation pharmaceuticals groceries automobiles banking
² allowed the sender of data to control the exchange including receipt confirmation of by the other party www.com/term_history. ² were unambiguous and could be used by all trading partners.htm . when work began for national EDI standards. Both client and vendors input their requirements to create a set of standard data formats that ² were hardware independent.gotedi.History of EDI It was not until the 1970·s. ² reduced labor-intensive tasks such as dataentry.
htm .com/edi-benefits.Advantages of EDI Lower operating costs ² Saves time and money Less Errors = More Accuracy ² No data entry. so less human error Increased Productivity ² More efficient personnel and faster throughput Faster trading cycle ² Streamlined processes for improved trading relationships http://www.edi-guide.
com/risks-of-edi.edi-guide.Disadvantages High Dependence on the participation of trading partners Costly for smaller companies Difficult to agree on standard to be used http://www.htm .
Retailer A Wholesaler A Retailer B Wholesaler B Retailer C Wholesaler C Retailer D Wholesaler D .
Original Model Retailer A Wholesaler A Retailer B Wholesaler B Retailer C Wholesaler C Retailer D Wholesaler D .
Value-Added Network (VAN) communications networks supplied and managed by thirdparty companies that facilitate electronic data interchange. Web services and transaction delivery by providing extra networking services .
VAN Model Retailer A Wholesaler A Retailer B Value-added Network Retailer C Wholesaler B Wholesaler C Retailer D Wholesaler D .
com/softwaretopics/software/appdev/story/0. so most of the connection problems are eliminated http://www.Web Services Applications that use a universal language to send data and instructions to one another.html .00.10801.computerworld. with no translation required Uses the Internet.64099.
Options EMAIL XML DIRECT ROUTING .
State. Zip</Address> <Customer Number>101</Customer Number></Customer> <Items> <Item><Product Number> 25</Product Number> <Qty>25</Qty></Item> <Item><Product Number> 30</Product Number> <Qty>15</Qty></Item> </Items> </Order> </NewDataSet> http://aspalliance.Example of XML <?xml version=´1.0´ standalone=´yes´?> <NewDataSet> <Order> <Customer><Name>Company Name</Name> <Address>Address. City.com/487 .
Direct Routing Retailer A Wholesaler A Retailer B Wholesaler B Retailer C Wholesaler C Retailer D Wholesaler D .
Who Needs EDI or a VAN? Companies still need« Assistance with formatting problems Authentication of customers EDI Standards« .
x12.org . due to differences in formatting and information presentation. http://www. Its purpose: ² To standardize the EDI formatting and exchanges between companies in order to make the transfers less time consuming. ² Members meet three times each year to develop. It is a not-for-profit membership.ANSI X12 Standard Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X12 was created in 1979 by the American National Standards Institute. maintain and build on the EDI standards.
org .44 \DTM*055*031016 \SE*000000014*987600111 \GE*1*987600111 \IEA*1*987600111\ http://www.22 \RMR*AP*4444444444444444*PO*44.x12.77*C*ACH*CTX*01*234056789*DA*0099109999*(Co ntinued) *123454321*01*045678099*DA*1008973899*031016 \TRN*1*0310162359 \REF*AA*EDI6 \N1*PR*WHIZCO OF AMERICA INC \N3*55 MEGAPLEASANT ROAD*SUITE 999 \N4*SUPERVILLE*NY*10954 \N1*PE*YOWZACO \ENT*1 \RMR*AP*1111111111111111*PO*11.Example of ASC X12 Note: Linefeeds and "(Continued)" notes inserted for clarity ISA*00* *00* *01*123454321 *01(Continued) *012341234 *031016*2359*U*00401*987600111*0*P*: \GS*RA*123454321*012341234*031016*2359*987600111*X*004 010 \ST*820*987600111 \BPR*C*77.11 \RMR*AP*2222222222222222*PO*22.
subcommittees were added to ASC X12.org .x12. ² They are updated to include new facets in the business world. or update any information that has become obsolete. http://www. As the standards evolved.ASC X12 Standard These standards have been updated 5 times since their creation in 1979. ² In 1986 X12F was added for the Financial Industry ² In 1989 X12M was added for the Warehousing sets ² In 1991 X12N was formed for the B2B Insurance and Healthcare needs.
automotive. finance. franchises.disa. (www. ² 1999 the first summit was held to draft policies and procedures to create XML in ASC ² 2002 the second summit was held to further develop ASC/XML bonds. http://cleo.org) Currently there are more than 300 X12 transaction sets in XML format for B2B transactions. communication.asp .ASC X12 ASC X12 is looking to integrate with XML. and merchandising industries. ² They are used in the insurance.com/university/tech-terms/EDI_X12.
html .UCS History and Background UCS = Uniform Commercial Standard Subset of ANSI ASC X12 Foundation for creation from the Transportation industry Grocery and Retail-oriented Industry ² 1976 Sponsorship and Funding ² ² ² ² Manufacturers Retailers Wholesalers Brokers http://www.uc-council.org/ean_ucc_system/stnds_and_tech/ucs.
UCS standards released for general use by industry members http://www.org/ean_ucc_system/stnds_and_tech/ucs.uc-council.UCS Development (3 phases) 1st ² Feasibility Study (Spring 1980) 2nd ² Development of message and communication standards (August 1980) 3rd ² Validity test of message and communication standards By late 1982.html .
uc-council.org/ean_ucc_system/stnds_and_tech/ucs.UCS Implementation Guidelines Data Administration Ordering Logistics Financial Business Support http://www.html .
html .uc-council.org/ean_ucc_system/stnds_and_tech/ucs.UCS Communication Standard Design Objective ² Provide for the communication of EDI data ² Identify alternative communication methods ² Specify the communication standard for industry use ² Provide operational guidelines for using the standard http://www.
uc-council.UCS Internet Standards Design E-commerce Transport Communication Guidelines http://www.org/ean_ucc_system/stnds_and_tech/ucs.html .
uses EDI for: ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² ² Invoice processing Remittance advice Purchase order processing Vendor replenishment and managed inventory Advanced ship notice Product transfer and resale report Documenting price changes Promotional announcement processing Item maintenance http://edi. Co.) Kroger Co.kroger.UCS Example (Kroger.htm .com/edi/homepage_edi.
Co.kroger.) UCS 888 transaction ² Receive detail finished good product information for new products or changes in the existing product specifications from suppliers Benefits ² Increased accuracy ² Improved timeliness ² Reduced operating expenses http://edi.htm .Item Maintenance (Kroger.com/edi/homepage_edi.
x12.EDIFACT Electronic Data Interchange for Administration. Commerce. and Transport is the international set of EDI standards Became a UN standard in 1987 Maintenance and further development is the responsibility of the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) http://www.cfm#c8 .org/x12org/about/faqs.
code sets. and other definitions Used for business-to-business (B2B) communication rather than business-toconsumer (B2C) Allows multi-country and multi-industry exchange Europe adopted EDIFACT early and has a large installed base indicating its continued use Statistical Journal of the UN Economic Commission for Europe. 2002 . data elements.EDIFACT Includes syntax rules and implementation guidelines. message design guidelines.
Example of EDIFACT UNB+IATB:1+1APPC+LHPPC+940101:0950+1· UNH+1+PAORES:93:1:IA· MSG+1:45· IFT+3+?*XYZCOMPANY AVAILABILITY?*· ERC+A7V:1:AMD· IFT+3+NO MORE FLIGHTS· ODI· TVL+240493:1000::1220+FRA+JFK+DL+400+C· PDI++C:3+Y::3+F::1· APD+74C:0:::6++++++1A· TVL+240493:1740::2030+JFK+MIA+DL+081+C' PDI++C:4· APD+EM2:0:1630::6+++++++DA· UNT+13+1· UNZ+1+1· http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UN/EDIFACT .
. .Things you may want to remember . (for the test) EDI ² Electronic Data Interchange VAN ² Value-Added Network ASC X12 is moving towards integration with XML formatting EDIFACT ² international set of EDI standards In the near future EDI will be vital for business domestically and abroad .
com/edi/homepage_edi.com/edi/whatisedi/edibasics. Ph.org/ean_ucc_system/ stnds_and_tech/ucs.phharval.org http://www.kroger.computerworld.html http://edi. . 2002 Professor Byron Marshall.com http://aspalliance.x12.com/487 http://cleo.com/university/tech-terms/EDI_X12.html http://www.edi-guide.asp http://www.com http://www.D.htm Statistical Journal of the UN Economic Commission for Europe.com/ http://www.uc-council.Sources of Information http://www.gotedi.
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