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INTRODUCTION

ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT

WATER POLLUTION CONTROL

AIR POLLUTION CONTROL

SOLID WASTE CONTROL

TRAINING AND AWARENESS


! !

Panipat refinery is seventh refinery of IOCL

 Panipat Refinery has doubled its refining capacity from 6 MMTPA to 12 MMTPA
with the commissioning of its Expansion Project

 Indian most modern refinery with global technologies from IFP France, Halder
Topsoe Denmark, UNOCAL/UOP USA and many more.

 It contains various unit such as Hydrocracker unit, Residue fluidised catalytic


cracking unit, cracking unit, reforming unit and sulphur recovery unit.

 While selecting , process design and project execution due importance was
given to environment preservation and conservation.
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 Only Desulphurised Fuel Gas and Low Sulfur Fuel Oil with Sulphur content
below 0.5% is used in Refinery furnaces.

 Sulfur Recovery Plant provides reduction of Sulfur Dioxide emission. There are
4 Sulphur recovery unit. 2 no.of 115 TPD and 2 no. of 225 TPD. Two Sulphur
Recovery Unit always remain in operation to keep the environment clean.

 State-of-the art Effluent treatment plant. Two nos. of 400 M3/hr each and one
more for PTA plant of capacity 225M3/hour.

 On line stack analysers provided to monitor and control emissions.

 Treated effluent meeting Minimal National Standards (MINAS) totally reused


within Refinery making Panipat.

 Refinery a Zero Effluent Discharge Refinery.


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The part of the overall management system that includes organizational


structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes
and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing and
maintaining the environmental policy.
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1. Effluent collection system

 It has five effluent streams collection depending on contaminants:

I. m R R  : Oily waste stream contains hydrocarbon and other contaminants

  R R : Contaminated Rain Water Stream containing rain water from areas
where oil may be there and floor washes

 R   : Caustic waste stream generated from caustic wash, containing sulphides
and other impurities

 
 
: Containing suspended and dissolved solids generated from cooling tower,
raw water treatment plant

 R   : Contains sanitary waste of the refinery


2. Waste Water Treatment Plant

 The wastewater Treatment Plant has been designed by EIL and constructed by
Hindustan Dorr Oliver. The Treatment can be divided into following section:

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I. Removal of free oil and emulsified oil

 For free oil removal, a highly efficient compact Tilted Plate Interceptor (TPI) is used.

 Floating oil skimmers have been installed in the equalization tank and surge tanks for
removal of free oil which is routed to slop oil tanks.

 Emulsified oil is removed by Dissolved Air Flotation process.

II. Chemical Treatment Section

 It is carried for OWS and spent caustic streams for removal of sulfides by chemical
precipitation process using Chlorinated Copperas.

 Additionally Hydrogen peroxide treatment has been installed for removal of


sulphides.

 This process eliminates the generation of chemical sludge


III. Biological Treatment section

 For reducing BOD, COD, Phenols and residual sulphides.

 Bio Tower and aeration tank are used for reducing above residual.

IV. Filtration and polishing

 Polishing section mainly consists of sand filters and carbon filters in WWTP. The
filtered effluent is routed to guard ponds where natural aeration take place.

 Blow down stream is treated in the clariflocculator where coagulation is effected


through dosing of alum and the suspended solids are removed on settling.

 The effluent from polishing pond is being used for irrigation in green belt developed
all around the refinery and in ecopark.

V. Sludge disposal section


 Bio sludge, Chemical sludge and Oil sludge are treated through thickners and
centrifuges
à! !  
 Various measures taken to control air pollution in panipat refinery are:

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I. Use of low sulphur fuel

 No solid fuel is burnt in refinery having sulphur content.

 Desulphurised gas is used in furnace before treating in Amine Treatment Unit

II. Sulphur recovery unit

 SRU is 115 TPD to recover 99% of sulphur present in feed gas.

 In SRU solid elemental sulphur is recovered through MCRC process licensed by Delta
Hudson, Canada.

III. Tall Stacks

 It has been installed for furnaces of process units and boilers of captive power plant.
IV. Control of fugitive emission

 Floating roofs for class A petroleum products

 Use of mechanical seals in service pump

 Inert gas purging in some storage tanks such as OHCU, FCC feed tank

 Intermittent effluents are stored in covered tanks in WWTP instead of open basins

V. Provision of Air preheaters

 Higher efficiency furnaces due to air preheaters which results in lesser fuel
consumption and consequently lesser emission

VI. Low NOX burner

 Burners have been installed where air is introduced in three stages primary,
secondary and tertiary which reduces NOx emission.
VII. Continuous monitoring

 Continuous monitoring of the flue gases from the boilers and major furnaces is being
carried out through automatic analysers.

 Ambient Air Quality monitoring stations have been setup as per the EIA
recommendations.

VIII. Two stage Cyclones

 In FCCU two stage cyclone is provided to control the escape of catalyst fines into the
atmosphere and thus controlling SPM emission.

IX. CO Boiler

 CO boiler of FCCU converts CO generated during regeneration of the catalyst is


converted into carbon dioxide ant the heat liberated in the process is used to generate
steam.
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Solid waste management plan have been drawn to fulfill various requirement of
hazardous waste rules 1989, for effective handling, treatment and disposal of waste.

 150-400 MT of oily sludge and 250-350 MT of bio sludge are expected to generated in
refinery during normal operation.

 Following practices have been considered for solid waste management at panipat
refinery.

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I. Oily sludge management

 Oily sludge thickener and two phase centrifuge to recover oil.

 Melting pit facility has been provided for recovery of oil from oily sludge generated in
refinery.

II. Minimization of sludge generation at source

 Crude oil tankers have been provided with swivel angle mixer

 Hot oil gas circulation facility has been provided for all crude oil tanks

 Closed draining facility has been provided in all crude oil tanks

 Regular skimming of oil form TPI seperators to minimise formation of sludge

III. Disposal of residual sludge

 Residual oily sludge is disposed off through secured landfill having impervious liners
with lechate collection and removal system.
IV. Chemical sludge treatment

 Sour water stippers have been provided for hydrolysing sulphides of the sour water
streams

 Chemical sludge thickener and centrifuge for reducing sludge in wastewater


treatment plant.

V. BIO sludge treatment

 Thickener and centrifuge to treat the sludge for removal of water from the sludge and
thereby concentrating the sludge.
`  R
 On the basis of Survey, it can be concluded that Hybrid
Air Car as an environment friendly, cost effective and fuel
efficient product would be a great success in the Indian
market.

 Indian Market that is inclining towards product quality would


likely to adopt the car at an introductory price that ranges
from 3-6 lakhs.

 Increasing fuel prices and increasing environmental


constraints also add to the liking of this product.

 Impetus is required to be given on spreading the awareness


about the Hybrid Air Car along with giving after sales services.
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