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Publishing as Prentice Hall

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Technology in Action
Chapter 5 Using System Software: The Operating System, Utility Programs, and File Management

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

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Chapter Topics
‡ System software ‡ Kinds of operating systems ‡ OS role in:
± Providing user interaction ± Managing the processor ± Managing memory ± Managing hardware ± Interacting with application software ± Starting the computer
Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

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Chapter Topics (cont.)
‡ Desktop and Windows features ‡ OS role in keeping desktop organized ‡ Utility programs

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System Software: The OS
‡ Controls computer functions
± ± ± ± Hardware Processor Memory Devices

‡ Provides means for software to work with the CPU ‡ Responsible for management, scheduling, and interaction of tasks ‡ Provides user interface
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Publishing as Prentice Hall 6 .System Software: Utilities ‡ Utilities: Programs that perform computer housekeeping tasks ± Manage system resources ± Improve efficiency ± Virus prevention Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.

single-task ± Single-user. multitask ± Multiuser Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7 . Inc.Operating System Categories ‡ Four categories: ± Real-time (RTOS) ± Single-user.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 8 .RealReal-Time Operating Systems ‡ Systems with a specific purpose and a certain result ‡ Uses include: ± Industrial machines ± Robotic devices ± Automobiles ± Video game consoles ± Home appliances Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 9 . Inc.SingleSingle-User Operating Systems Single-task systems ‡ Perform one task at a time ‡ PDAs: ± Pocket PC ± Palm OS ± Windows Mobile Multitask systems ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Perform simultaneous tasks Windows Mac OS Linux ‡ MS-DOS Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Multiuser Operating Systems ‡ Known as network operating systems ‡ Allow access to the computer system by more than one user ‡ Manage user requests ‡ Systems include: ± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± Linux UNIX Unicos Windows Server 2008 Windows Vista Mac OS X i5/OS z/OS 10 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall . Inc.

Desktop and Notebook Operating Systems ‡ An operating system combined with a processor is known as a platform. Publishing as Prentice Hall . ± Microsoft Windows/Intel ± Apple Macintosh/Motorola ‡ Desktop and notebook operating systems include: ± ± ± ± Microsoft Windows Mac OS Linux UNIX 11 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 12 . Inc. provides tighter security and improved graphical capabilities. Windows Vista (2007) Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. which comes in many versions.Microsoft Windows ‡ This newest version of Windows.

Mac OS ‡ First commercially available OS with point-and-click technology (graphical user interface) ‡ Excellent in: ± ± ± ± ± Graphics display Processing capabilities System reliability File backup utilities Document recovery ‡ Fewer software applications available than for Windows Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 13 . Inc.

Inc.Linux ‡ Open source operating system ‡ Based on UNIX ‡ Stable system ‡ Free ‡ May be downloaded from the Internet Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 14 .

Publishing as Prentice Hall 15 .Operating Systems for Servers and Mainframes ‡ Servers ± Manage network resources ‡ Mainframes ± Handle requests from hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously ‡ Operating systems: ± Windows Server ± Unix Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.

Inc. multitask operating system ‡ Used primarily with mainframes Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16 .UNIX ‡ Multiuser.

What the OS Does ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Provides a user interface Manages the CPU Manages memory and storage Manages hardware and peripheral devices ‡ Coordinates application software with the CPU Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 17 . Inc.

Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 18 .The User Interface ‡ Enables you to interact with the computer Command-driven ‡ Types of interfaces: ± Command-driven interface ± Menu-driven interface ± Graphical user interface (GUI) Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 19 . Inc.Processor Management ‡ Controls the timing of events the processor works on ± Interrupts ± Interrupt handler ± Interrupt table ± Stack Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

RAM Operating System Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 20 .Memory and Storage Management ‡ The operating system allocates space in RAM for instructions and data. Inc.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 21 . Inc.Virtual Memory ‡ Instructions and data are stored on the hard drive when RAM is full. ± Swap file ± Paging ± Thrashing Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 22 .Hardware and Peripheral Device Management ‡ Device drivers ± Programs that enable the operating system to communicate with peripheral devices ± Provided by the manufacturer of the device ‡ Plug and Play ± Hardware and software standard ± Facilitates the installation of new hardware Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 23 .Software Application Coordination ‡ Application programming interfaces (APIs) ± Blocks of code contained in the operating system ± Coordinate the operating system with software applications ± Similar toolbars and menus ± Microsoft DirectX Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.

Step 2: A power-on self-test (POST) checks attached hardware. Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Step 4: Configuration and customization settings are checked.Starting the Computer The Boot Process ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Step 1: The basic input/output system (BIOS) is activated. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 24 . Step 3: The operating system loads into RAM.

Inc.Handling Errors in the Boot Process ‡ Safe mode ± Windows does not boot properly ± Try rebooting ± Uninstall any new devices or software Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 25 .

Inc.The Desktop Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 26 .

Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 27 .Windows Title bar Close button Ribbon Minimize button Maximize/Restore button Scrollbar Document view options Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

‡ Hierarchical structure of directories: ± Drives ‡ Folders Subfolders » Files Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 28 .File Management ‡ The operating system provides an organizational structure for the computer¶s contents. Inc.

Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 29 .File Management Files and folders inside MGT 111 Spring folder Navigation pane with links to favorite folders MGT 111 Spring folder selected Folders presented in a hierarchical structure Click to display the Searches Folder Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 30 .Viewing and Sorting Files and Folders ‡ Flip 3D Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 31 . Inc.Viewing and Sorting Files and Folders ‡ Details view Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 32 .Viewing and Sorting Files and Folders ‡ Large Icon view Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Viewing and Sorting Files and Folders ‡ Other views available: ± Tiles view ± List view ± Small and Medium Icons views Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 33 .

Inc.Naming Files ‡ Filename: Name assigned plus filename extension ‡ Characters not legal in Windows filenames: ³/\*?<>|: ‡ Character not legal in Mac filenames: : Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.docx 34 .docx or Bio report. Publishing as Prentice Hall Bioreport.

docx . Publishing as Prentice Hall .pptx .accdb .Filename Extensions Extension .wpd .pdf . Inc.txt Type of Document Word-processing document Word-processing document Word-processing document Spreadsheet Database PowerPoint presentation Portable Document Format Text Text Application Microsoft Word 2003 Microsoft Word 2007 document Corel WordPerfect Microsoft Excel 2007 workbook Microsoft Access 2007 Microsoft PowerPoint 2007 presentation Adobe Acrobat or Adobe Reader Any program that can read text documents Any program that can read text documents 35 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.doc .rtf .xlsx .

bmp .gif .jpg .Filename Extensions (cont.htm or . Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 36 .html .zip Type of Document Web page Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) image Graphic Interchange Format (GIF) image Bitmap image Compressed file Application Any program that can read HTML Most programs capable of displaying images Most programs capable of displaying images Windows WinZip Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.) Extension .

Publishing as Prentice Hall 37 . Inc.File Path ‡ File path: Location of the file Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 38 . Inc.Working with Files ‡ File management actions: ± Open ± Copy ± Move ± Rename ± Delete ‡ Recycle Bin Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 39 . Inc.Utility Programs ‡ Small programs that perform special functions: ± Manage system resources ± Create a pleasant environment ± Improve efficiency Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Inc.Display Utilities ‡ Change the appearance of: ± Desktop ± Windows colors ± Font sizes ‡ Include: ± Screen savers ± Screen resolution ± Clear Type Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 40 .

Add or Remove Programs ‡ Installation wizard ‡ Uninstall wizard: ± Programs cannot simply be deleted Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 41 .

Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 42 . repeated patterns are replaced with a shorter placeholder The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain.File Compression Utilities ‡ Reduce the size of a file ‡ Take out redundancies ‡ Make it easier and faster to send files over the Internet ‡ Generally. Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Spain ainly plain.

System Maintenance Utilities ‡ Disk Cleanup: Cleans unnecessary files Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 43 .

System Maintenance Utilities ‡ Disk defragmenter ‡ ScanDisk: ± Error checker ‡ Task Manager Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 44 . Inc.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 45 . Inc.System Restore ‡ Restores system settings to a specific date Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 46 . Inc.System Backup ‡ Backup ± Creates a copy of a hard drive to another storage device ‡ Task Scheduler ± Runs selected utilities automatically Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Inc.Accessibility Utilities ‡ Ease of Access Center ± Centralized location for assistive technology ± Examples: ‡ High contrast ‡ Magnifier ‡ On-screen keyboard ‡ Windows speech recognition Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 47 .

Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ What software is included in system software? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 48 .

Publishing as Prentice Hall 49 .Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ What are the different kinds of operating systems? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc.

Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ What are the most common desktop operating systems? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 50 .

Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 51 .Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ How does the operating system provide a means for users to interact with the computer? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 52 . Inc.Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ How does the operating system help manage: The processor? Memory and storage? Hardware and peripheral devices? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ How does the operating system interact with application software? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 53 . Inc.

Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ How does the operating system help the computer start up? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 54 .

Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ What are the main desktop and windows features? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 55 . Inc.

Publishing as Prentice Hall 56 . Inc.Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ How does the operating system help me keep my computer organized? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education.

and what do they do? Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Publishing as Prentice Hall 57 . Inc.Chapter 5 Summary Questions ‡ What utility programs are included in system software.

mechanical. or otherwise. recording. Publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 5 58 . Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education. Printed in the United States of America. stored in a retrieval system. Inc.All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced. electronic. without the prior written permission of the publisher. photocopying. in any form or by any means. or transmitted.

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