LAKE ΠSAVERS

Natural Lake RestorationŒ

Fall 2010
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Contents 
About Lake Savers  Exploding common myths about Lake Management  The Lake Savers Approach« Natural Lake RestorationŒ Methods  Results  Working with Lake Savers

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About Lake Savers«

Mission:
To deliver ACTIONABLE strategies to restore lakes to a balanced, pristine condition for the benefit of current stakeholders and future generations.
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Lake Savers
Management Strategies for Healthier Lakes

Exploding Common Lake Management Myths

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The Need for Lake Management Efforts Algae Blooms Odor Excessive Weed Growth Accumulation of Muck/ Loss of Depth

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Four Lake Management Myths
1. Extensive and expensive Lake Studies are a REQUIREMENT for embarking on a Lake Management Program. 2. Herbicide treatment for weeds and algae is an effective long-term improvement strategy for a Lake. 3. If we can just stop nutrients from entering the lake, our lake will improve. 4. Dredging is the ONLY way to REALLY clean-up an impaired lake.

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Myth #1: Study, Study, Study« 
Kalamazoo Michigan 8 acre lake ± $45,000 study to conclude that their lake was impaired/overfed and make a recommendation for a $1 Million dredging project.  Portage Michigan 1000 acre lake ± More than $200,000 spent on studies to tell the Lake Association that their lake was impaired/overfed and make a recommendation for a $25 Million dredging project.  There are hundreds more examples to choose from«

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Water Quality Measurement Basics 
The REAL Total Phosphorus Standard for a healthy lake is less than 20 parts per billion.
f mg/l is a measure of parts per million ± if you see phosphorus numbers in mg/l you need to multiply that by 1000 to compare to the ideal standard.
Qg/l or ug/l is a measure of parts per billion ± anything 20 or over is too much.

f 

Dissolved Oxygen is THE MOST IMPORTANT INDICATOR of lake health and is often underemphasized, misinterpreted or poorly gathered in many lake reports.
f f Readings need to be taken all the way to the bottom in the middle of the summer. Readings in shallow areas should be taken BEFORE Sun-up to get a true picture of the oxygen profile of those areas.

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Sources of Excess Phosphorus

1 Pound of Phosphorus can produce 10,000 pounds of wet weeds and algae!
Source: State of Maine Dept. of Environmental Protection

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So What?  20 fertilized acres puts 80 pounds of excess Phosphorus into a watershed.

Food for 800,000 pounds of weeds and algae!

=
Dumping 300 Pick-Up Trucks into your water body!
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Lake Health Self-Diagnostic 
If your lake has experiences algae blooms and poor water clarity ± you have a nutrient loading problem.  If your lake has streams, creeks or rivers entering from developed areas ± you have a nutrient loading problem.  If your lake has excessive weed growth ± particularly native species (lily pads, most pondweeds except curly leaf) you have a nutrient loading problem.  If your lake is accumulating organic ³muck´ you have a dissolved oxygen and nutrient loading problem.  If areas of your lake emit foul odors during the summer months or the sediment ³stinks´ you have a dissolved oxygen problem.  If you can¶t catch fish in the deepest part of the lake in the Summer you have a dissolved oxygen problem.

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The Reality of Lake Management Studies 
In many cases, elaborate, expensive Lake Studies are simply a revenue generator for the Engineering firm who will return with extremely high price tag recommendations that are often not actionable.  In most cases, a good Lake Assessment and Lake Management Plan report can be done for $5,000 $15,000.

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Myth #2: Herbicide Treatment

Herbicides are good for a lake or at least do no harm.

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Nutrient Loading Cycle in a Lake
5. New algae bloom and weed growth 1. Nutrients Flow into Lake/Pond Leading to Excessive Weed/Algae Growth

4. Nutrients released back into the water

2. Dead algae and weeds fall to the bottom 3. Decomposition depletes lake of oxygen Decaying weeds and algae Anaerobic sludge Lake Bottom

Most Lakes are Overfed and out of Balance
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Myth 2: Herbicides are Good for A Lake
Chemical Treatment Cycle for Aquatic Algae & Weed Control

New algae bloom and weed growth

Chemicals added to kill algae and weeds

Nutrients released back into the water

Dead algae and weeds fall to the lake bottom

Decomposition depletes lake of oxygen Decaying weeds and algae Anaerobic sludge Lake Bottom
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Accelerated Nutrient Loading Cycle
Internal Nutrient Loading Cycle

Decaying weeds and algae Anaerobic sludge

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Impact of Herbicide Treatment on Lake Health«

1. Accelerates Internal Nutrient Loading Cycle 2. Accumulation of Chemical Compounds in lake sediments (primarily Copper Based Products) 3. Weeds and Algae Develop Resistance

4. Lake Health Deteriorates Faster!!!
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The Harsh Reality
Anyone who tells you that prolonged herbicide treatment is good for your lake or will not hurt your lake«.

IS EITHER LYING OR HAS NO CONCEPT OF HOW LAKES WORK! 
 Herbicides may be necessary as a one-time ³shock treatment´ or for emergency spot treatment of invasives. The goal of any well-conceived Lake Management Plan should be ZERO Herbicides as quickly as possible.

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Myth #3: Watershed Management If we can just stop nutrients from entering the lake, our lake will improve. The Reality
f Watershed Management is critically important, BUT it most often requires government intervention/support (phosphorous bans, storm water treatment, sewer/septic upgrades), big investments and long time-frames. New approaches are needed to accelerate our ability to reduce or absorb nutrients entering lakes. Internal Nutrient Loading is often a BIGGER contributor of nutrients to the lake on an annual basis than External Loading.
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f f

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Remember this Picture?
Internal Nutrient Loading Cycle

Decaying weeds and algae Anaerobic sludge

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Myth #4: Dredging ± The Ultimate Solution? The Reality
f f f f Dredging IS effective at removing inorganic sediment i.e. sand, silt which is crushed rock. Dredging is MUCH LESS effective at removing organic muck (nutrients) from the lake bed. Dredging is almost ALWAYS prohibitively expensive for the typical Lake Community. Dredging DOES NOT solve either the External or Internal Nutrient Loading problem.

«A quick story about dredging

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The Dredging Death Spiral for Lake Associations
f f f f f f f f f
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Some/many residents see dredging as the ³ultimate´ answer to their problems. Study is commissioned and cost is too high to gain full support of residents. Herbicides are used as the primary control method. Muck problem gets worse. Dredging proponents re-ignite the dredging issue. More money is spent on dredging studies. Cost is still prohibitively expensive. Residents get discouraged, Lake Association loses credibility. Lake gets worse« residents lose hope and interest.

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Summary on What¶s Wrong with Traditional Approaches the Lake Management
LAKE PROBLEMS
Algae Blooms Excessive Weed Growth Odor Accumulation of Muck/Loss of Depth 2. Few, if any resources are directed at solving root causes. 1. Most dollars are spent on Chemicals, Harvesting and/ or Dredging which only treat symptoms.

ROOT CAUSES
Internal Nutrient Loading External Nutrient Loading

Oxygen Depletion
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3. Lake continues to deteriorate over time, treatment costs rise.
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People Management not Lake Management

Lake Savers
Natural Lake RestorationŒ

Natural Methods for Lake Restoration

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The Four Key Points Guiding Natural Lake RestorationŒ
1. Most water bodies are overfed and out of balance. 2. Conventional strategies are primarily people management strategies not lake management strategies. 3. Nutrient reduction (Internal & External) is the only sustainable approach to Lake Restoration. 4. Lakes Need to Breath to Be Healthy!

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The Reality

Fact:
Most lakes are receiving more nutrients (primarily, Phosphorus and/or Nitrogen) than they can handle to stay in balance. As a result, most lakes/ponds are in a state of accelerated ³Eutrophication´ ± a fancy word for an over-fed, rapidly deteriorating lake.

Nutrient Reduction ± The Key to Lake Restoration
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Excess Nutrients«What¶s the Big Deal? 
Phosphorus is typically the limiting nutrient that controls plant and algae growth inland waters. Nitrogen can be the limiting nutrient in some environments. Excess phosphorus/nitrogen means excess algae and weeds. Excess weeds and algae overwhelm a water bodies natural self-cleaning/renewal process. Water quality diminishes and the water body begins to literally die from overfeeding. 

 

Nutrient Reduction ± The Key to Lake Restoration
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Remember this Picture?
Internal Nutrient Loading Cycle

Decaying weeds and algae Anaerobic sludge
Lake Bottom

Nutrient Reduction ± The Key to Lake Restoration
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The Importance of Dissolved Oxygen Oxygen Depleted Lake
1. When oxygen runs out at the lake bottom phosphorus can release from the sediments and feed weed growth and algae blooms. 2. Anaerobic bacteria take over producing ammonia, methane and hydrogen sulfide. 3. Organic muck accumulation accelerates. 4. Fish Can¶t feed at the bottom (where most of the food is) ± stunting, fish kills possible, rough fish begin to outcompete desirable species.

Oxygen Rich Lake
1. In the presence of oxygen Phosphorus stays locked in the sediments unavailable to weeds and algae. 2. Aerobic bacteria thrive forming a healthy bottom environment and base for the aquatic food chain. 3. Aerobic bacteria literally eat muck/organics converting it to carbon dioxide and water. 4. Fish can feed all the way to the bottom creating a healthy fishery both in size and population of desirable species.

Lakes Need To Breathe To Be Healthy!!!
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Our Approach ± Attack the Root Causes!
Algae Blooms Excessive Weed Growth Odor Accumulation of Muck/Loss of Depth

External nutrient loading Internal nutrient loading

FLOATING ISLANDS ENGINEERED AERATION & BENEFICIAL BACTERIA/ ENZYME TREATMENT

Oxygen Depletion
Lake Savers: A Diet & Exercise Program for Lakes!
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Floating Islands for Reducing External Nutrient Loading
What are Floating Islands? 
Porous mats made of a matrix of 100% recycled polyester and bonded together with a high grade marine foam for buoyancy.  Highly flexible system with a multitude of design options for aesthetic and functional impact.

How do Floating Islands Work? 
  They create a self-contained environment for vegetation that can absorb significant amounts of nutrients from the water. They mimic natural wetlands at a much lower cost than reclaiming upland areas and converting them to wetlands. They are most effective for Lake Restoration when used around storm drains and inlets to trap nutrients flowing into the lake.

Lake Savers: A Diet & Exercise Program for Lakes!
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Floating Islands for Reducing External Nutrient Loading

Lake Savers: A Diet & Exercise Program for Lakes!
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Floating Islands for Reducing External Nutrient Loading

Lake Savers: A Diet & Exercise Program for Lakes!
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Floating Island Options

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Floating Island Options

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Floating Island Options

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Engineered Aeration & Beneficial Bacteria/Enzyme Treatments
How Engineered Aeration & Beneficial Bacteria/Enzyme Treatments Work 
A system of underwater air diffusers connected to shorebased compressor units by self-sinking airline.  Each system is custom engineered based on the specific needs and requirements of each lake.  Water picks-up oxygen at the surface and is circulated back to the bottom maintaining a continuous supply of oxygen throughout the entire water column.  High oxygen levels and ³off-gassing´ reduce nutrient levels, reducing weed and algae growth.  Beneficial bacteria and enzyme products are added to restore balance to the aquatic eco-system.  Beneficial bacteria that require oxygen, literally eat the organic muck on the bottom.

Lakes Need To Breathe To Be Healthy!!!
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How Engineered Aeration Restores Lake Health & Balance
Toxic Gases removed

CO2

N

H2S

O2

Oxygenated surface water moves to the bottom.

Aerobic benthic bacteria break down organics
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Phosphorus stays locked in sediment

Nutrients removed through the food chain
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Lakes Need To Breathe To Be Healthy!!!

Accelerating a Lake¶s Natural Cleaning Mechanism

Lakes Need To Breathe To Be Healthy!!!
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The Power of Engineered Aeration & Beneficial Bacteria/Enzyme Treatment

2 feet of organic muck prior to treatment

Aerobic bacteria can breakdown organic muck 30 times faster than anaerobic bacteria.
Lake Savers: A Diet & Exercise Program for Lakes!
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CLEAN-FLO« Engineered Aeration Equipment

Small System

Very Large System

Ceramic diffuser with float
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CLEAN-FLO« Engineered Aeration in Action

Lake Savers: A Diet & Exercise Program for Lakes!
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CLEAN-FLO« Engineered Aeration in Action

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The CLEAN-FLO/Lake Savers Difference

Inside of a compressor cabinet after one year in operation under Lake Savers Management Program
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The CLEAN-FLO/Lake Savers Difference

Competitor¶s system after 6 months operation
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The Lake Savers /Clean-Flo Advantage ± Aeration Engineered from Top to Bottom
1. A Custom Engineered Design 
  Every body of water is different. Proper depths, dimensions and condition make a difference. Every CLEAN-FLO System is custom engineered to fit your water body.

2. Simply the Best Equipment 
   Ceramic lifetime diffusers«not rubber temporary diffusers Highest quality compressors that are repairable«not disposable The highest quality hose and cabinets available Proprietary bacteria and enzymes that eat muck« 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Lakes Need To Breathe To Be Healthy!!!
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The Lake Savers /Clean-Flo Advantage ± Aeration Engineered from Top to Bottom
3. Engineered Energy Efficiency 
   The right air supply«why use 2hp when 1hp will do. Air lines that don¶t leak and breakdown over time. Electrical connections that match available power. The highest oxygen transfer per horsepower hour in the industry.

4. Innovative Leasing/ Management Program Delivers Long-Term Results 
  Leasing option reduces upfront investment. Costs decrease over time. Lifetime maintenance and repair program ensures ³as new´ performance.

Lakes Need To Breathe To Be Healthy!!!
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Lake Savers
Management Strategies for Healthier Lakes

CLEAN-FLO Engineered Aeration« What Results Are Possible?

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Greenwood Lake Greenwood Lake, New York
About the Lake 
   80 Treatment area in 9 mile lake. Treatment area focuses on parts of the lake that are the focal point of the community. Milfoil and algae growth out of control. Water in the treatment area fetid with frequent odor problems in the summer.

Management Program 
  Clean-Flo Engineered Aeration installed in June of 2010. Clean-Flo bacteria and enzyme treatment applied in July of 2010. 5 days of Harvesting.

Results 
   Estimated 50% reduction in Milfoil growth in 60 days! No re-growth of milfoil following harvesting. Milfoil reductions not just the result of harvesting. Major improvements in water clarity and quality
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Greenwood Lake Treatment Area

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Greenwood Lake Results: Before ± Upper Eastern Arm Area

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Greenwood Lake Results: After ± 45 Days after installation

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Greenwood Lake Results: Before ± Upper Eastern Arm Area

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Greenwood Lake Results: After ± 45 Days after installation

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Turnberry Lakes Lakewood, Illinois
About the Lakes 
   100 Treatment area in 4 community lakes mile lake. Hyper-Eutrophic System. Aggressive herbicide program eliminated aquatic plants and led to algae dominated lakes. Algae mats have been so thick that saplings have been seen growing on top of the algae mats.

Management Program 
 Clean-Flo Engineered Aeration installed in May of 2009. Extremely aggressive beneficial bacteria treatment program implemented in 2009 and 2010. Innovative Harvesting program implemented in conjunction with the system. Commitment to ZERO herbicide/algaecide use.

Results 
 Muck reductions ranging from 6´ to 11´ in 2009. Lakes largely clear of algae mats in August of 2010 for the first time in over five years.  

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Turnberry Lakes Treatment Area

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Turnberry Lakes Results
Turnberry Lake 3 (Biggest problem lake) July 2010

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Turnberry Lakes Results
Turnberry Lake 3 August/September 2010

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Turnberry Lakes Results
Turnberry Lakes 2010 ³Secret Weapons´ Lake Clear Bacteria Weedoo Harvester Boat

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Collins Lake Scotia, New York
About the Lake 
   60 acre lake with public beach. Beach closed for two years due to fecal bacteria issue. Milfoil and pondweed growth out of control. Watershed management strategies and herbicide treatment were not producing adequate results.

Management Program 
  One-time herbicide treatment for milfoil and pondweed (2006). Clean-Flo Engineered Aeration installed in June of 2006. Clean-Flo bacteria and enzyme treatment applied in July of 2006.

Results 
  Beach opened in August of 2006, remained open all of 2007. No significant re-growth of milfoil or pondweed. Dissolved oxygen maintained throughout water column all winter despite shutting down the system for 3 months. Noticeable reduction in dead plant material and muck in 2007. 60 

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Collins Lake ³Before´ Pictures 2006

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Collins Lake ³After´ Pictures 2008 (Similar View of the Lake)

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Collins Lake ³Before´ Pictures 2006

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Collins Lake ³After´ Pictures 2008 (Similar View of the Lake)

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Collins Lake ³After´ Pictures 2008

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Collins Lake ³After´ Pictures 2008

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Lakes Bridgeport & Benbrook Fort Worth, Texas Area
About the Lakes 
  Two large water supply and recreational reservoirs. High levels of manganese and hydrogen sulfide resulting in taste and odor issues as well as increased treatment costs. Represent two of the largest lake aeration projects in the country.

Management Program 
Clean-Flo System installed in 2010

Results 
Data shows the ability to oxygenate to a depth of 16 meters in 2 months continuous operation.

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Lakes Bridgeport & Benbrook Systems
Lake Bridgeport

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Lakes Bridgeport & Benbrook Systems In Action

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Willow Lake Kalamazoo, Michigan
About the Lake 
 7 Acre lake/pond. Completely over-run with milfoil, filamentous algae, lily pads, and coontail

Management Program 
   Clean-Flo System installed in June of 2007. One-time herbicide treatment for milfoil. Harvesting program for lily pads. Bacteria and Enzyme treatment applied in July of 2007.

Results 
   Filamentous algae problem eliminated. No significant re-growth of milfoil. Coontail significantly reduced. Lily pads did grow back after harvesting, however, we are starting to see tubers ³pop´ to the surface. Clear signs of breakdown of organics in the lake. 

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Willow Lake ³Before´ Pictures June 18, 2007

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Willow Lake ³After´ Pictures June 23, 2007 (5 days after installation of the CLEAN-FLO System)

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Willow Lake May 15, 2007 (Last Year. Notice How bad the Lake looked)

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Willow Lake May 12, 2008 (Just under One Year Later)

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Lake Brown ± Kissimmee Florida
About the Lake 
   60 Acre Lake on at a Florida Resort. 5 ± 6 feet average muck accumulation. Beach closed for several weeks per year. Virtually a ³dead´ lake due to overuse of herbicides over a 10 year period.

Management Program 
Clean-Flo System Installed July 1, 2008

Results 
Aquatic weed growth under control without the use of chemical herbicides. Average muck reduction of 2¶4´ in 13 months. Swimming beach remained open for full season for the first time in 6 years. 



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Lake Brown Muck Reduction Results
Water Depth Measurement Points 7 Muck Measurement Reference Points for future assessment 5.5¶ 9¶ 5.5¶ 9¶ 5.5¶ 8¶ 11 5.5¶ 8¶ A
2¶6´ muck remaining

5.5¶ 5.5¶ 9¶ 8 5.5¶ 8¶ 9 B 5.5¶ 8¶ 3 5.5¶ 7¶ 5.5¶ 15¶ C 4 5 5.5¶ 7¶
More than 9¶ muck remaining

6

5.5¶ 8¶

4.5¶ 6¶

10

2¶6´ muck remaining

2

7/01/2008 Measurement

1 8¶

5.5¶

6/08/2009 Measurement

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Lake Brown ± Florida

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Lake Powai, India
About the Lake 
  500+ acre lake in India. Hydrilla and Water Hyacinth had taken over the lake. Lake heavily polluted from watershed

Management Program 
Clean-Flo Engineered Aeration installed with bacteria and enzyme treatment. Harvesting program initiated to reduce Water Hyacinth.

Results 
  Nutrient levels in the lake reduced by 90% in the first year. Hydrilla and Water Hyacinth reduced to non-nuisance levels. Significant improvement in all water quality indicators. 

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Lake Powai, India ± Results

Dissolved Oxygen at Bottom

Clean-Flo system Installed

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Lake Powai, India ± Results

Phosphorus at Bottom

CLEAN-FLO system Installed

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CLEAN-FLO System Anticipating Questions and Concerns 
Will the system create a safety hazard for boats?
‡ No, there is nothing at the surface of the lake. The diffusers and airline are located on the lake bottom. No, the diffuser boils are very gentle and do not pose a hazard for swimmers. No, the system is simply putting air into the water. The bacteria and enzyme products used do not even require DEQ Permit Approval ± unlike herbicides. No, the system will gradually bring the lake back into a healthy balance of aquatic vegetation. No, fish benefit as will the entire food chain in the lake. 

Will the system create a safety hazard for swimmers?
‡ 

Will the system harm the lake in any way?
‡ 

Will the system deplete the lake entirely of plants and algae?
‡ 

Will the system harm fish and other wildlife?
‡

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Lake Savers
Management Strategies for Healthier Lakes

Working with Lake Savers

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How we work with our Customers«
Information Required 
Identification of goals and areas of focus. Depth profile. Flow rates on outflows. Weed and algae assessment. Water quality data (if available).

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How we work with Customers

Cost
1. Gather necessary data on your lake 2. Engineer a Clean-Flo System Design and Quote for your lake 3. Present Design and Quote 4. Install & Manage System (Unique Lake Savers Leasing Program)
Nothing! In most cases Nothing! In most cases Nothing! As quoted

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Lake Savers Leasing Program
Installation: Shipping: $XXXX At cost

System Leasing:  Years 1 ± 5  Years 6 ± 10  Years 10+ Includes: 
Installation  System Maintenance and performance monitoring  Bacteria and Enzymes for year one  FULL replacement/repair of equipment at no additional cost. (Exceptions for vandalism, lightening strikes/power surge and storm damage/flooding.)

$XXXX per year $XXXX ± 20% per year $XXXX ± 30% per year

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Advantages of Leasing vs. Purchase of a Clean-Flo System 

Lake Savers is responsible for ALL maintenance and repair. The leasing agreement includes strict performance criteria for maintaining the equipment in peak operating condition. The customer is not making a capital investment in equipment that sits outdoors and at the bottom of a lake 365 days a year. Under the leasing agreement the equipment is guaranteed to be working in ³as new´ condition for the life of the lease. Results and performance monitoring is included in the lease. The leasing agreement offers an ³out clause´ after 30 months if the system is not delivering results as specified at lease inception. 

  

NOTE: Lake Savers will quote a purchase option with a minimum 4 year service contract if requested. Lake Savers will NOT sell a Clean-Flo System without a service contract.

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Additional Costs
Other Costs: 
Installation of Electrical service to compressor locations ± customer responsibility.

Ongoing Costs: 
Electricity Costs ± We can provide estimates as designs are developed.

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Lake Savers ± Partial Track Record
2007 f Willow Lake Kalamazoo, MI ± 8 acres f Willowridge Lake , Kokomo, IN ± 8 acres f Sherman Lake Channel, Kalamazoo, MI ± 5 acres 2008 f Lake Brown Kissimmee, FL ± 60 acres f Several additional ponds ± 4 ± 6 acres 2009 f Turnberry Lakes ± 100 acres f Chippewa Lake (Channel) ± 6 acres 2010 Scheduled Installs f f f f f f Lake Bridgeport Reservoir Fort Worth, Texas ± 700+ acre treatment area Lake Benbrook Reservoir Fort Worth Texas ± 800+ acre treatment area Indian Lake Dowagiac, MI ± 86 acre treatment area Greenwood Lake Greenwood Lake, NY ± 40 acre treatment area Upper Tarrytown Reservoir, Tarrytown, NY ± 30 acres Sherman Lake Richland, MI ± 165 acres
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Why Lake Savers!!
Traditional Approaches Alone
Deteriorating Water Body

Cost
Engineered Aeration/ Beneficial Bacteria & Enzyme Treatments and Floating Islands
Healthy Water Body

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Time (years)
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Summary
1. Most water bodies are overfed and out of balance. 2. Conventional strategies are primarily people management strategies not lake management strategies. 3. Nutrient reduction (Internal & External) is the only sustainable approach to Lake Restoration. 4. Lakes Need to Breath to Be Healthy! 5. Lake Savers can put your lake on a diet and exercise program to restore health, balance and recreational quality.
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Questions & Comments«

Contacts:
John Tucci President jtucci@lake-savers.com (269) 383.3400

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