GEAR MOTORS

. This greatly reduces the complexity and cost of designing and constructing power tools. jacks and robotics. medical tables. winches. machines and appliances calling for high torque at relatively low shaft speed or RPM. They can be large enough to lift a building or small enough to drive a tiny clock.What Is a Gear Motor? Gear motors are complete motive force systems consisting of an electric motor and a reduction gear train integrated into one easy-to-mount and -configure package. Gear motors allow the use of economical low-horsepower motors to provide great motive force at low speed such as in lifts.

although more slowly than larger electric motors. The reduction gear trains used in gear motors are designed to reduce the output speed while increasing the torque.Operation Principle ‡ Most synchronous AC electric motors have output ranges of from 1. The increase in torque is inversely proportional to the reduction in speed. . Reduction gears consist of a small gear driving a larger gear. There may be several sets of these reduction gear sets in a reduction gear box.200 to 3. Reduction gearing allows small electric motors to move large driven loads.600 revolutions per minute. They also have both normal speed and stall-speed torque specifications.

. DC gear motors are used primarily in automotive applications such as power winches on trucks.Motor Varieties Most industrial gear motors are AC-powered. windshield wiper motors and power seat or power window motors. fixed-speed devices. variable-speed motors that provide a greater degree of control. DC motors are used more as compared to AC motors. although there are fixedgear-ratio.

Varieties Of Gear Motors ‡ Helical gear motor ‡ Shaft mounted gear motor ‡ Bevel-geared motor ‡ Worm geared motor .

C.DC Motors Some of the salient features that D. Heavy-duty commutator construction. Contains sealed bearings with high-temperature grease. High-flow die cast aluminium fan. Motor possesses are: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Available in brush type and brush-less modules. Patented Design. Equipped with high-efficiency. It is used popularly during motor sizing. It is a figure of merit of the motor power-to-torque ratio. . High-temperature moulded field insulator.

Features of gear motors ‡ Some of the salient features that geared motors possess are: ‡ Available in standard gear mechanism ‡ Available in non lubricated metal bearing gear mechanism ‡ Also. available in planetary gear mechanism ‡ Provides speed reduction by the means of a gear box ‡ Increases the torque ratio .

Features of gear motors ‡ Provides protection against overload and locked rotor ‡ Serves as protection against RFI/EMI caused by PWM control ‡ Used as precautions for instantaneous reversing and dynamic braking ‡ Used in speed detection and control .

A Picture of Gear Motor .

Internal view of gear motors .

speeds and options Mounting Durability .Main aim of using gear motors The main aim of using gear motors are: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Everything in one box Easy to Control Wide range of sizes.

200 rpm but is reduced to one rpm to drive the second hand. Here the amount of driving force is irrelevant as long as it is sufficient to overcome the frictional effects of the clock mechanism.Speed Reduction Sometimes the goal of using a gear motor is to reduce the rotating shaft speed of a motor in the device being driven. . and further reduced in the clock mechanism to drive the minute and hour hands. such as in a small electric clock where the tiny synchronous motor may be spinning at 1.

and heavy machine lifts where the great force at low speed is the goal. power recliners.Torque Multiplication Another goal achievable with a gear motor is to use a small motor to generate a very large force albeit at a low speed. These applications include the lifting mechanisms on hospital beds. .

timer cycle knobs on washing machines. gear motor applications in jacks. cake mixers and electromechanical clocks have in common is that they all use various integrations of gear motors to derive a large force from a relatively small electric motor at a manageable speed. rotisserie motors. garage door openers. power drills. In industry. lifts. cranes. clamping. stair lifts. robotics.Applications What power can openers. conveyance and mixing are too numerous to count. .

Applications Gear Motors are also used in these below devices: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Coin Changing equipment Redemption Games Pinball Machines Peristaltic Pumps Food Service Equipment Valve Actuators Damper Actuators Pitching Machines ‡ Auger Motors ‡ Label and Packaging Equipment ‡ Oil Skimmers ‡ Fan Oscillators ‡ Lubricating Equipment ‡ Vending Equipment .

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