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Presented by: Priya goswami Tejashree kale Ashish jain Nitin gupta Jayesh jadhav Chandrashekhar gulve Manisha jain Snehal jadhav Nisha jadhav Under the guidance of: Prof. Mohandas Pai
copeahagen . cancun issues .Topic : Global warming-kyoto warmingprotocol. problems & future course of action .
which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns .Global Warming an average increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth¶s Earth¶ surface and in the troposphere1.
manufacture of cement. fuel oil) Industrial processes (E. aluminium) .g. LPG.Causes Burning of fossil fuels (Coal/Crude oil) Power plants generate electricity Transportation-----fuels Transportation-----fuels for transports (E. steel. kerosene.g.
Example : Using natural gas to cook CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O .
Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere Some infrared radiation is trapped Greenhouse effect Serious greenhouse effect Global Warming .
How serious the problem is?. ...
Increase in greenhouse gases Concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is highly increasing by human activities Leads to the increasing seriousness of global warming .
RESPONSES TO GLOBAL WARMING MITIGATION ADAPTATION GEOENGINEERING UNFCCC(UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE) .
Nitrous oxide. Hydro fluoro carbon and Perfluoro carbon .Kyoto protocol An amendment to the UNFCCC a treaty intended to bring down the carbon emissions and control the global warming Countries that ratified to the protocol agreed to reduce six green house gases : CO2. Methane. Sulfur hexafluoride.
wind power.Kyoto protocol Place restrictions on their biggest polluters Manage transportation to slow or reduce emissions from automobiles Make better use of renewable energy sources such as solar power. and biodiesel in place of fossil fuels .
Pros Essential step in reversing and slowing the growth of global warming Immmediate multi collaboration is needed to reduce the devastation from the global greenhouse effect .
Cons It demands too much It achieves too little It is unnecessary 178 countries had accepted it but Bush administration thought it would hamper its countries economic growth which would have negative effect on its development growth rate. it could face a loss of $400 billion .
COPENHAGEN CLIMATE CONFERENCE COP15 Successor of Kyoto Protocol 192 Countries came together It was a failure though their was expectations from industralised nation like U.S which participated but dissappointed in delivering promises .
to assist poorer countries in financing emission reductions and adaptation . ." proposed to be worth $100 billion a year by 2020.CANCUN SUMMIT The 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Cancun. Mexico. from 29 November to 10 December 2010. The agreement includes a "Green Climate Fund.
.NOT globally uniform warming Warming parts: North America Eurasia Cooling parts: parts of the southeastern U.S.
Increasing temperature extremes Regions that have temperatures (1-3°C) (1warmer than the average: United States Most of the Europe Regions that have temperatures (1-3°C) (1cooler than the average: Australia .
2 mm/year over the past 100 years .Sea level rising rising at an average rate of 1 .
Air Quality An increase in the concentration of groundground-level ozone Damage lung tissue Harmful for those with asthma and other chronic lung diseases .
Food supply Rising temperatures and variable precipitation Decrease the production of staple foods in many of the poorest regions Increasing risks of malnutrition .
the GangesGangesBrahmaputra delta in Bangladesh. many small islands. such as the Maldives. Most vulnerable regions: Nile delta in Egypt. . the Marshall Islands and Tuvalu.Population displacement Rising sea levels Increase the risk of coastal flooding (Necessitate population displacement) More than half of the world's population now lives within 60km of the sea.
wind energy .g. fuels.Measures on controlling the problem Government * set some laws to limit the amount of pollutants produced by factories * develop the skills of using renewable fuels. solar energy. e.
which would not cause environmental pollution * carry out energy saving scheme reduce the pollution produced by burning fossil fuels * build more plants CO2 reduce the pollutants e.g. .Measures on controlling the problem * encourage the factories to replace fossil fuels by renewable fuels.
plastic * reduce the use of sprays be emitted out as CFCs would as burning .Measures on controlling the problem Citizens * reduce the use of plastic bags plastic emit CH4 * recycle the resources.g. e.
Measures on controlling the problem * reduce the use of air-conditioner. which will airemit CFCs * use public transportation instead of private cars reduce the pollutants emitted by cars .
gov.emb.hk/envirhttp://resources.edu.ncdc.gov.hk/envired/text/globalissue/e_m2_2_6.html .Sources http://www.noaa.htm http://www.int/globalchange/climate/en/ http://resources.gov/climatechange/effects/index.emb.htm http://epa.html http://www.hk/greenweb/greenMaind GMsg5.gov/oa/climate/globalwar ming.tchps.who.
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