A Presentation on

PRESENTED BY:CHETAN JAIN www.powerpointpresentationon.blogspot.com


About The COMPANY ‡ TCIL. South Asia. ‡ Headquarters mainly in East Africa. ‡ A telecommunications solutions supplier. ‡ TCIL stands for telecomunications consultants india Ltd. a premier telecommunication consultancy and engineering company with a strong base in Telecommunication & Information Technology (IT). under the aegis of Ministry of Communications. East Asia and Europe. headed by Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. . Is a leading ISO-9000:2000 certified public sector undertaking ‡ The TCIL was incorporated in 25 july 1978 by Department of Telecomunication (DOT) .

³MOBILITY´. .The Magic Word ‡ What is Mobility ? ‡ Access the Technology everywhere whether we are work or play. in the office. To meet this demand the GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) for mobile telephony was introduced in the mid-1980s. grounds or at home. A boom is underway. such that many GSM user find life without their phone practically inconceivable.

Why ? Higher digital voice quality. . Low cost alternatives to making calls such as SMS. Ability to deploy equipment from different vendors.HISTORY OF GSM What ? GSM: Global System for Mobile Communications Formerly: Group Special Mobile When ? ‡ 1982: GSM created to set standard. ‡ 1991: First Systems Deployed. ‡ 1988: Industrial development started. GSM allows network operators to offer roaming services.

GENERATIONS ‡ 1G : Analog with limited network services and no roaming facility. ‡ 3G : Allow communication. ‡ 2G : Significant advancements to the mobile technology in terms of service sophistication. . ‡ 2. capacity and quality as they made the communication system digital. information and entertainment services to be delivered via wireless terminals. SMS are some of the features.5G : IN features.


GSM Architecture .

System Architecture Mobile Station (MS): Base Station Subsystem (BSS): Network Subsystem: Base Transceiver Station (BTS) Base Station Controller (BSC) Mobile Equipment (ME) Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) Mobile Switching Center (MSC) Home Location Register (HLR) Visitor Location Register (VLR) Authentication Center (AUC) Equipment Identity Register (EIR) .

Uniquely identified by an IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) Smart card containing the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) Allows user to send and receive calls and receive other subscribed services Protected by a password or PIN o o o o .Mobile Station (MS) ‡ The Mobile Station is made up of two entities: ‡ Mobile Equipment (ME) o o The Mobile Equipment is the hardware used by the subscriber to access the network .

Base Station Subsystem Base Station Subsystem is composed of two parts : 1) Base Transceiver Station (BTS) 2) Base Station Controller (BSC) ‡ Base Transceiver Station (BTS) Houses the radio transceivers that define a cell Handles radio-link protocols with the Mobile Station .

‡ Base Station Controller (BSC) Manages Resources for BTS Handles call set up Location update Handover for each MS .

Network Subsystem Mobile Services Switching Center (MSC) Major MSC Functions : Switching and call routing Charging Service provisioning Communication with HLR Communication with the VLR Communication with other MSCs Control of connected BSCs Direct access to Internet services Home Location Registers (HLR) : Contains administrative information of each subscriber Most important database .

Made up of three sub-classes: The White List.Database that is used to track handsets using the IMEI .Integrated with MSC o tracks which customers have the phone on and ready to receive a call o periodically updates the database on which phones are turned on and ready to receive calls Authentication Center (AUC) o mainly used for security o data storage location and functional part of the network o Ki is the primary element Equipment Identity Register (EIR) .Visitor Location Registers (VLR) . The Black List and the Gray List o Optional database .

.Frequency allocation for GSM system:‡ Two frequency bands.the band 935-960MHz has been allocate for down link direction. 2. have been allocated for the GSM system: 1. of 25 MHz each one.the band 890-915MHz has been allocated for uplink direction.

one used in each direction. ‡ RF carriers are spaced every 200 kHz.GSM FREQUENCY ‡ GSM systems use radio frequencies between 890915 MHz for receive and between 935-960 MHz for transmit. ‡ An RF carrier is a pair of radio frequencies. ‡ Transmit and receive frequencies are always separated by 45 MHz. UPLINK FREQUENCIES Downlink Uplink DOWNLINK FREQUENCIES 890 915 935 960 UPLINK AND DOWNLINK FREQUENCY SEPARATED BY 45MHZ . allowing a total of 124 carriers for use.

Services Provided by GSM Supplementary services ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Call forwarding Barring of Outgoing Calls Barring of Incoming Calls Advice of Charge (AoC) Call Hold Call Waiting Multiparty Service Calling Line Identification Presentation/Restriction ‡ Closed User Group (CUG) .

A Cell ‡ A cell is the geographic zone covered by one radio transmitter and receiver 2 2 7 1 6 5 4 3 6 5 Cell 1 7 1 Cell 2 .

GSM Channels .


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