Microsoft Excel

Contributed by:

Hari n¶ Raj, Gautam Acharya, Vikas Arora, Sagar Shukla, Praveen Jha, Pankaj Garbyal

About Excel 
 

Tool developed by Microsoft Corporation Consists of Rows and Columns - Cells Create, Format, Sort and Analyze data
Spreadsheets, Tables & Statements  Graphical Representation  

Automatic Recalculation ± Saves time & effort

Components of the Excel Window 
      

Microsoft Office Button Quick Access Toolbar Title Bar Ribbon Tabs & Ribbon, Galleries & Tools Name Box Formula Bar Worksheet Status Bar

Quick Access Toolbar The Title Bar Microsoft Office Button .

On the Title bar. By default. Microsoft Excel displays the name of the workbook you are currently using. Save. At the top of the Excel window. Undo. The Quick Access toolbar gives you with access to commands you frequently use. The Title Bar Next to the Quick Access toolbar is the Title bar. open an existing file. you should see "Microsoft Excel . and Redo appear on the Quick Access toolbar. When you click the button. The Quick Access Toolbar Next to the Microsoft Office button is the Quick Access toolbar. You can use the menu to create a new file. You can use Save to save your file.The Microsoft Office Button In the upper-left corner of the Excel 2007 window is the Microsoft Office button.Book1" or a similar name . Undo to roll back an action you have taken. a menu appears. save a file. and Redo to reapply an action you have rolled back. and perform many other tasks.

Within each group are related command buttons. . In Microsoft Excel 2007. When you click the dialog box launcher. At the top of the Ribbon are several tabs. clicking a tab displays several related command groups. The Ribbon is located near the top of the Excel window. You click buttons to issue commands or to access menus and dialog boxes. below the Quick Access toolbar. You may also find a dialog box launcher in the bottom-right corner of a group.The Ribbon You use commands to tell Microsoft Excel what to do. you use the Ribbon to issue commands. a dialog box makes additional commands available.

the rows are numbered 1 to 1. The combination of a column coordinate and a row coordinate make up a cell address. the cell located in the upper-left corner of the worksheet is cell A1. meaning column A. The columns are 16384 lettered A to Z and then continuing with AA. Each worksheet contains columns and rows. You enter your data into the cells on the worksheet. row 1.576. AC and so on.048. Cell E10 is located under column E on row 10. AB. The number of columns and rows you can have in a worksheet is limited by your computer memory and your system resources.Worksheets    Microsoft Excel consists of worksheets.     . For example.

2. Click Formula Bar in the Show/Hide group. If you do not see the Formula bar in your window. Cell entries display on the right side of the Formula bar. Note: The current cell address displays on the left side of the Formula bar. the cell address of the cell you are in displays in the Name box which is located on the left side of the Formula bar.Formula Bar  If the Formula bar is turned on. perform the following steps: 1.  . Choose the View tab. The Formula bar appears.

You can change what displays on the Status bar by right-clicking on the Status bar and selecting the options you want from the Customize Status Bar menu. You click a menu item to select it. average. and maximum value of selected numbers. You click it again to deselect it. A check mark next to an item means the item is selected .The Status Bar The Status bar appears at the very bottom of the Excel window and provides such information as the sum. minimum.

Press Enter. Excel moves to cell B10. . Type B10 in the Name box. Just type the cell you want to go to in the Name box and then press Enter 1.The Name Box You can also use the Name box to go to a specific cell. 2.

To select cells A1 to E1: 2. Note that "Extend Selection" appears on the Status bar in the lower-left corner of the window. 3. Click in cell E7. 5. 6.Select Cells 1. Press Esc and click anywhere on the worksheet to clear the highlighting . Excel highlights cells A1 to E7. Go to cell A1. This anchors the cursor. You are in the Extend mode. 4. Press the F8 key.

Enter Data 1. The name "John" appears in cell A1. . Do not press Enter at this time. 2. Delete Data 1. Type John Jordan. Press the Backspace key until Jordan is erased. The cursor in cell A1. The Backspace key erases one character at a time. 3. 2. Press Enter.

Edit a Cell 1. . you can edit the data by pressing F2 while you are in the cell you wish to edit. After you enter data into a cell.

. 5. Use the backspace key to erase the "s. 2. Type ker." "e. Press Enter.Editing a Cell by Using the Formula Bar 1.³ 4. Move the cursor to cell A1. Click in the formula area of the Formula bar 3." and "n.

2. Move to cell A1." "e.Edit a Cell by DoubleClicking in the Cell 1. Your cursor is now at the end of your text 4. Use the Backspace key to erase "r. Press the End key.³ 5. . 6. Double-click in cell A1. 3. Press Enter. Type hnson." and "k.

Click the Wrap Text button . Change a Cell Entry 2. 4. Type Cathy. . 3. Move the cursor to cell A1. Press Enter. Type Text too long to fit. Move to cell A2. 7.Change the Cell Entry Wrap Text Tool 1. 9. 11. 5. Press Enter. Choose the Home tab. Return to cell A2. 8. The name "Cathy" replaces "Johnson 6. Excel wraps the text in the cell. 10. Typing in a cell replaces the old cell entry with the new information you type.

Click OK. 6.Change the Cell Entry Direction 1. 3. The Excel Options pane appears. 5. click the box to check it. click the down arrow next to the Direction box and then click Down. Click Advanced. 2. If Down does not appear in the Direction box. Click the Microsoft Office button. 4. Click Excel Options in the lower-right corner. If the check box next to After Pressing Enter Move Selection is not checked. . A menu appears. Excel sets the Enter direction to down.

multiplication. subtraction. you can reference the cell when you perform mathematical calculations such as addition.   When entering a mathematical formula. Use the following to indicate the type of calculation you wish to perform + Addition .Mathematical Calculations   you can enter numbers and mathematical formulas into cells. precede the formula with an equal sign. or division. Whether you enter a number or a formula.Subtraction * Multiplication / Division ^ Exponential .

8. Press Enter. Click the check mark on the Formula bar. Excel moves down one cell. 4. Type 1 in cell A3. 2. Type 1 in cell A2. Type Add in cell A1. Press Enter. 5.Addition 1. Press Enter. Excel moves down one cell. 3. 6. Type =A2+A3 in cell A4. 7. The formula displays on the Formula bar . Excel moves down one cell. Excel adds cell A1 to cell A2 and displays the result in cell A4.

. Press Enter.Subtraction 4. Type Subtract. Type =B2-B3 in cell B4. 5. 11. Excel subtracts cell B3 from cell B2 & the result displays in cell B4. Press Enter. Excel moves down one cell. Click the check mark on Formula bar. 6. Type 6 in cell B2. 10. 8. The formula displays on Formula bar. Excel moves down one cell. Type 3 in cell B3. 7. Excel moves down one cell. 9. Press Enter.

Excel adds cell A2 to cell A3 and the new result appears in cell A4. 11. Press the Enter key. Press the right arrow key. Type 4. Type 12. Move to cell B2. . 5. Press the right arrow key. Move to cell C2. Excel changes the result in cell A4. Press the right arrow key. Excel divides cell D2 by cell D3 and the new result appears in cell D4 1. 9. 2. 8. Type 8. Excel subtracts cell B3 from cell B3 and the new result appears in cell B4. 12. Move to cell D2. Type 2. 7. 6.Automatic Calculation Move to cell A2. 10. Excel multiplies cell C2 by cell C3 and the new result appears in cell C4. 3. 4.

Double-click in cell A7. 3. and then multiplies the result by 4. Type =3+3+12/2*4. 4. 2. 2. adds 3. Edit the cell to read =(3+3+12)/2*4. . Press Enter. Note: Microsoft Excel divides 12 by 2. The answer. Press Enter. and then adds another 3. divides the answer by 2. Move to cell A7. displays in cell A7 3+3+12 *4 2 Math Rule 1. multiplies the answer by 4. 3.Math Rule 1. 36. 4. 30. Note: Microsoft Excel adds 3 plus 3 plus 12. The answer. displays in cell A7.

Choose the Home tab. Excel left-aligns each cell's content . 3.Align Cell Entries Centre 1. Select cells A1 to D1. Click the Center button the Alignment group. Select cells A1 to D1. 3. Click the Align Text Left button in the Alignment group. 2. 2. Choose the Home tab. Excel centers each cell's content in Align Cell Entries Left 1.

6. 5.Copy . Click the Copy button in the Clipboard group. You should be in cell A12.Paste Ribbon 1. Choose the Home tab. Excel copies the formula in cell A12 4. Excel pastes the formula in cell A12 into cell B12. 2. Press the right arrow key once to move to cell B12. Click the Paste button in the Clipboard group. 3. Press the Esc key to exit the Copy mode .

cell A9. 3. While holding down the Shift Copy . press the down arrow key twice. Move to key.Paste Select cells A9 to B11. Excel copies the information in cells A9 to B1 . Excel highlights A9 to B11. Press the Shift key. which is located on the context menu. A context menu and a Mini toolbar appear. Right-click. Click Copy.Mini Toolbar 1. 2. Press the right arrow key once.

Paste 1. Move to cell G1 Click the Paste button . Choose the Home tab. Click the Cut button. 6. 5. 4. Excel moves the contents of cells D9 to D12 to cells G1 to G4 .Cut . 3. Select cells D9 to D12 2.

5. Move to cell G1 Click the Paste button . Choose the Home tab. Excel moves the contents of cells D9 to D12 to cells G1 to G4 .Paste 1. 3. Click the Cut button. Select cells D9 to D12 2. 6.Cut . 4.

Click the down arrow next to Delete in the Cells group. . 4. Click the column F indicator and drag to column G. A menu appears.Insert and Delete Columns 1. 2. 3. Click Delete Sheet Columns. Click anywhere on the worksheet to remove your selection. Excel deletes the columns you selected.

Click Delete Sheet Rows. A menu appears. Excel deletes the rows you selected. Click anywhere on the worksheet to remove your selection . 2. Click the down arrow next to Delete in the Cells group. 3. Click the row 7 indicator and drag to row 12.Insert and Delete Rows 1. 4.

3. 4.Create Borders 1. Click the down arrow next to the Borders button . Select cells B6 to E6 Choose the Home tab. Click Top and Double Bottom Border. A menu appears. 2. Excel adds the border you chose to the selected cells .

4. Click the check mark on the Formula bar. and E2 and then centers the content Merge & Centre . 5. 3. Select cells B2 to E2. 6. 2. Excel merges cells B2. D2. Type Sample Worksheet. Click the Merge and Center button in the Alignment group. C2.1. Choose the Home tab. Go to cell B2.

Excel places a dark blue background in the cells you selected. . Select cells B2 to E3 Choose the Home tab. 4. Click the color dark blue. 3. 2. Click the down arrow next to the Fill Color button .Add Background Color 1.

Excel changes the font in the selected cells . A list of fonts appears. click another font. Font Size. 3.Change the Font. Click the down arrow next to the Font box. and Font Color 1. Choose the Home tab. As you scroll down the list of fonts. Excel provides a preview of the font in the cell you selected. 2. Find and click Times New Roman in the Font box. Note: If Times New Roman is your default font.

Choose the Home tab. As you scroll up or down the list of font sizes.Change the Font Size 1. Excel changes the font size in cell B2 to 26 . Excel provides a preview of the font size in the cell you selected. Select cell B2. Click 26. 2. 3. Click the down arrow next to the Font Size box. 4. A list of font sizes appears.

Select cells B2 to E3. 4. 2.Change the Font Color 1. Click on the color white. 3. Click the down arrow next to the Font Color button . Choose the Home tab. Your font color changes to white .

Excel bolds the contents of the cell.Cell Entries Bold 1. 5. Click the Bold button . Click the Bold button again if you wish to remove the bold. Choose the Home tab. 4. Type Bold in cell A1. . Click the check mark located on the Formula bar. 3. 2.

5. Click the Italic button . Excel italicizes the contents of the cell. Type Italic in cell B1. Click the Italic button again if you wish to remove the italic . 2. Click the check mark located on the Formula bar. 4.Cell Entries Italic 1. Choose the Home tab. 3.

Cell Entries Underline 1. 5. 3. Click the check mark located on the Formula bar. Type Underline in cell C1. 4. 2. Click the Underline button . Click the Underline button again if you wish to remove the underline . Choose the Home tab. Excel underlines the contents of the cell.

Cell Entries Double Underline
1. 2. 3. 4. Type Underline in cell D1. Click the check mark located on the Formula bar. Choose the Home tab. Click the double underline button again if you wish to remove the double underline

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Choose the Home tab. Click the down arrow next to Format in the Cells group. Click Column Width. The Column Width dialog box appears. Type 55 in the Column Width field. Click OK. Column A is set to a width of 55. You should now be able to see all of the text

Column Width

1. 2. 3.

Move to cell B8. Type 1234567. Click the check mark on the Formula bar

Format Numbers

4.

Choose the Home tab.

5.

Click the down arrow next to the Number Format box. A menu appears.

6.

Click Number. Excel adds two decimal places to the number you typed

9. Click the Accounting Number Format button . 8. 10. Click the Decrease Decimal button if you wish to decrease the number of decimal places 7. Click twice on the Increase Decimal button to change the number format to four decimal places. Excel adds a dollar sign to your number.Format Numbers Click the Comma Style button . Excel separates thousands with a comma. .

Click the Percent Style button . Click the check mark on the formula bar 4. Excel turns the decimal to a percent .35 (note the decimal point). Type . 2. 5.Decimal to Percent 1. Choose the Home tab. Move to cell B9. 3.

Choose the Insert tab. Your worksheet changes to Page Layout view and the Design context tab appears. 2. Note that your cursor is located in the center section of the header area . Header & Footer Click the Header & Footer button in the Text group.1.

Click Margins in the Page Setup group. Word sets your margins to the Wide settings Page Layout . 2. Choose the Page Layout tab. A menu appears.1. Click Wide. 3.

3. Click Orientation in the Page Setup group. Excel sets your page orientation to landscape Page Orientation . Click Landscape. 6. A menu appears.1. 5. 2. Excel sets your page orientation to landscape Choose the Page Layout tab. Click Orientation in the Page Setup group. Choose the Page Layout tab. 4. Click Landscape. A menu appears.

Set Paper Size 1. Click the paper size you are using. 2. Excel sets your page size . 3. Choose the Page Layout tab. Click Size in the Page Setup group. A menu appears.

3.1. Click Print Preview. The Preview and Print The Document pane appears. Click the Office button. A menu appears. with your document in the center Print Preview . The Print Preview window appears. Highlight Print. 2.

The Page Setup dialog box appears. Choose the Margins tab. 4. Click the Page Setup button in the Print group. 5. Excel centers your data horizontally.1. Click OK. The Page Setup dialog box closes . Click the Vertically check box. Click the Horizontally check box. Print Preview 2. Excel centers your data vertically. 3.

Excel sends your worksheet to the printer. Click the Print button. Click OK. Click the down arrow next to the name field and select the printer to which you want to print. The Print dialog box appears. 3.1. . Print 2.

Creating Charts 2. Click the Clustered Column chart sub-type. You should also include the data labels. Click the Column button in the Charts group. Select cells A3 to D6. . A list of column chart sub-types types appears. 3. Excel creates a Clustered Column chart and the Chart Tools context tabs appear.1. 4. Choose the Insert tab. You must select all the cells containing the data you want in your chart.

3. Choose the Design tab.Apply a Chart Layout 1. Excel applies the layout to your chart . Click Layout 5. Click the Quick Layout button in the Chart Layout group. The Chart Tools become available. 4. A list of chart layouts appears. 2. Click your chart.

3. Place your cursor before the A in Axis. Click on Axis Title.1. 4. 5. Select Axis Title. Click anywhere on the chart to end your entry . Type Sales. Excel adds your title. Type Toy Sales. Click on Chart Title and then place your cursor before the C in Chart and hold down the Shift key while you use the right arrow key to highlight the words Chart Title. Select Chart Title. Hold down the Shift key while you use the right arrow key to highlight the words Axis Title. Apply Labels 2. Excel labels the axis.

Click your chart. Excel changes the data in your chart . 3. The Chart Tools become available.Apply Labels 1. 2. Click the Switch Row/Column button in the Data group. Choose the Design tab.

Choose the Design tab. The Chart Tools become available. 3. 2. Click your chart. The chart styles appear Click Style 42. . 4. Excel applies the style to your chart.Change the Style of Charts 1. Click the More button in the Chart Styles group.

Excel applies the style to your chart.Change the Style of Charts 1. . Click Style 42.

Click an unused portion of the chart and drag to position the chart beside the data . 2.Change the Size and Position of Charts 1. Use the handles to adjust the size of your chart.

The Move Chart dialog box appears Click the New Sheet radio button. 4. Type Toy Sales to name the chart sheet. The Chart Tools become available. Click your chart. Choose the Design tab.1. 5. Click the Move Chart button in the Location group. 2. Excel creates a chart sheet named Toy Sales and places your chart on it. Move a Chart to a Chart Sheet . 3.

Functions 1. appears . The sum of cells B1 to B3. Press Enter. which is 63. Type 24 in cell B3. 6. 4. 5. Press Enter. 9. Press Enter. 8. Type 27 in cell B2. 3. 7. 2. Open Microsoft Excel. Press Enter. Type =SUM(B1:B3) in cell A4. Type 12 in cell B1.

Applying Functions using Ribbon .

Nested. AND. OR. NOT VLOOKUP  Pivot Table .Cell Reference & Range Name    Absolute Reference & Mixed Reference Create a Range Name: Name Box & Define Name Functions:   IF.