CHINNU N S
Cellular Phones use 824-MHz to 894MHz frequency bands. Some obstacles to this in the near future are missing roaming and authentication features in SIM cards and radius, the narrowness of the available spectrum and the limited range. ie,Wi-Fi will directly compete against cellular.
Wi-Fi is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products based on the IEEE 802.11 standards. Common applications for Wi-Fi include Internet and VoIP phone access, gaming, and network connectivity for consumer electronics such as televisions, DVD players, and digital cameras.
Wi-Fi Alliance is a consortium of separate and independent companies agreeing to a set of common interoperable products based on the family of IEEE 802.11 standards. Wi-Fi is supported to different extents under Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh and open source Unix and Linux operating systems.
A wireless network uses radio waves, just like cell phones, televisions and radios do. In fact, communication across a wireless network is a lot like two-way radio communication. A computer's wireless adapter translates data into a radio signal and transmits it using an antenna.
A wireless router receives the signal and decodes it. It sends the information to the Internet using a physical, wired Ethernet connection. The process also works in reverse….
A Wi-Fi enabled device such as a PC, game console, cell phone, MP3 player or PDA can connect to the Internet when within range of a wireless network. Wi-Fi can be used to create mesh network. Wi-Fi access point are often used in homes and provide Internet access.
Wi-Fi also allows connectivity in peer-topeer (wireless ad-hoc network) mode. Wi-Fi can also be connected in ad-hoc mode. It is publicly available at Wi-Fi hotspot which is provided either free of charge or subscribers to various providers.
Advantages of Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi allows LANs to be deployed without cabling for client devices, typically reducing the costs of network deployment and expansion. Wi-Fi more suitable for latency-sensitive applications (such as voice and video), and power saving mechanisms improve battery operation.
Wi-Fi uses unlicensed radio spectrum. Wi-Fi products are available in the market. Wi-Fi supports roaming. Wi-Fi is a global set of standarads.
Disadvantages of Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi networks have limited range. The most common wireless encryption standard, Wired Equivalent Privacy or WEP, has been shown to be easily breakable even when correctly configured.
Wi-Fi pollution or an excessive number of access points in the area caused by overlapping channels in 802.11 spectrum. Power consumption is fairly high compared to some other low-bandwidth standards, such as Zigbee and Bluetooth, making battery life a concern.
A hotspot is a venue that offers Wi-Fi access. The public can use a laptop, WiFi phone, or other suitable portable device to access the Internet.
Embedded Wi-Fi modules have become available with a real-time operating system and provide a simple means of wireless enabling any device which has and communicates via a serial port. This allows simple monitoring devices
Wireless access points connects a group of wireless devices to an adjacent wired LAN. An access point is similar to an Ethernet hub. Wireless range extenders or wireless repeaters can extend the range of an existing wireless network.
Wireless Ethernet bridges connect a wired network to a wireless network. This is different from an access point. Wireless adapters allow devices to connect to wireless networks. Wireless routers allow wired and wireless Ethernet LAN devices to connect to a Single WAN devices.
USB-Wi-Fi adapters, food container "Cantennas", parabolic reflectors, and many other types of self-built antennas are increasingly made. Long-range Wi-Fi is used for low-cost, unregulated point-to-point connections, as an alternative to cellular networks, microwave or satellite links.
Wireless adapters can plug into a computer's PC card slot or USB port.
Municipal Wi-Fi (or Muni-Fi) is the idea of using thousands of overlapping Wi-Fi service zones to provide blanket coverage over a municipal area. Municipal Wi-Fi is most commonly attained by utilizing what is known as WiFi Mesh or Metro Wi-Fi to implement a self-forming, self-healing broadband network.
How WiFi Phones Work
Like a basic cell phone, a WiFi phone has a printed circuit board (PCB) that connects: A processor A speaker and a microphone A numeric keypad and other function keys A lithium ion battery A screen, usually a liquid crystal display (LCD) An antenna Memory
Wi-Fi phones use Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). SIP is an open protocol. Wi-Fi phones use the 802.11b standard transmit at 2.4GHz.
Building a Wireless Network
You can create a wireless network with a wireless access point. This single unit contains A port to connect to your cable A router An Ethernet hub. A firewall A Wireless Access Point
A wireless router uses an antenna to send signals to wireless devices and a wire to send signals to the internet. To keep the network private the following methods are…
Wired Equivalency Privacy (WEP) Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) Media Access Control (MAC)
Hitachi Cable WirelessIP5000 - WiFi IP Phone
WirelessIP5000 is an advanced wireless IP phone that provides crystal clear voice communication over an IEEE 802.11b/g wireless IP network. WirelessIP5000 can be used to either connect to existing phone infrastructure or a VoIP system