Japan s Disaster

James Rincon March 17, 2011

Agenda         Historical Nuclear Disasters Earthquake Tsunami Nuclear plant incident Current Efforts Lasting Effects and Concerns Future precautions Technology innovations .

S. 1979 in Pennsylvania. history Classified as a level 5 on the International Nuclear Event Scale (Accident with wider consequences) Voluntary evacuation of local area (within 5mi) .History  Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station Occurred in March 28. USA Considered Worst in U.

City abandoned .History  Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Occurred in 26 April 1986 in Ukraine Considered Worst in history Classified as a level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale (major accident) Only event to have that classification Widespread severe contamination of surrounding areas Lead to mass evacuation of those areas Massive fallout and contamination Thousands resettled.

0 (Mw) So large it may actually the shift wobble of the earth slowing its rotation      Largest in Japanese recorded history Earthquake alone was devastating Foreshocks and subsequent aftershocks in magnitude > than 6.Tohoku Earthquake   Occurred on 11 March 2011 near the coast of Honshu (NE Japan) Moment Magnitude of ~9.0 (Mw) also affected area Millions if not billions of dollars in damage Hundreds of casualties .

ships and even buildings Estimated number of individuals dead is as high as 10.Tsunami     Occurred on 11 March 2011 near the coast of Honshu (NE Japan) Triggered by the earthquake Caused a 30ft swell in all directions Devastating effect on Japan Swept large structures such as cars. No significant casualties reported . boats. buses.000 Rescue efforts are slowly ceasing in place of recovery efforts   Wave also reached across the Pacific all the way from Alaska to South America Minimal damage in those areas.

Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear plant     Run by TEPCO Cooling system failures caused by the earthquake and subsequent tsunami are the main causes for this event Fires and explosions followed and the fear of widespread contamination from the nuclear fuel being exposed Been unable to restore cooling system .

military. charitable organizations. etc . NRC. citizens are being flown off the island as a precaution Other countries such a China are taking similar precautions Major search and rescue and recovery operations are taking place Aid from many countries and organizations including the U.Current Efforts     Evacuation of surrounding area up to 50 miles NonNon-essential U.S.S.

plant workers) Paranoia in areas not affected (potassium idodide shots.Concerns       Legislators are concerned with the safety of nuclear power plants. President Obama has ordered the inspection of every U.S. plant by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Volatility in Global markets due to the disaster (mass disruption to supply-chains) supplyHealth problems for the individuals near the affected area (first responders. personal dosimeters) Related to the disaster are also misplaced individuals and looting (although not as high as if this had occurred in an underdeveloped country) Looting has been low People have for the most part opened their homes to affected individuals .

e.Precautions    Nuclear power plants will be able to handle earthquakes of greater magnitude They will be built in areas not likely prone to earthquakes (i. not along the san Andrea's fault line) Not built along the any coast susceptible to tsunamis .

Twitter. etc) . etc) Numerous sites are now providing RSS feeds relating to disaster relevant information (radiation level readings in particular areas. seismic activity readings.Innovations   Social media has greatly helped in the effort to communicate with the affected individuals (Facebook.

gov/ .Additional Information  http://www.usaid.

Thank you .

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