ECIV 320 Structural Analysis I

Deflections

Last Time Deflection Diagrams & Elastic Curve ASSUMPTION Linear Elastic Material Response A structure subjected to a load will return to its original undeformed position after load is removed OBJECTIVE Calculate Slope and Deflection due to Bending at any point on a Beam METHODS ‡ Double Integration Method ‡ Moment Area Theorems ‡ Conjugate Beam .

Double Integration Method Relate Moments to Deflections d 2u M ! 2 EI dx du U ( x) ! ! dx u( x) ´ M .Last Time .

x dx EI ( x ) Integration Constants Use Boundary Conditions to Evaluate Integration Constants ´´ M .

x 2 dx EI ( x ) .

1865 Use to find slopes and deflection due to bending of beams Method is based on Principles of Statics Only .Conjugate Beam Method Developed by H. Muller Breslau .

Conjugate Beam Internal Loadings dV dx ! w Beam Theory d M ! dx EI d 2u d M ! ! 2 dx dx EI d 2 M dV ! ! w 2 dx dx .

Conjugate Beam Internal Loadings Beam Theory V ! ´ wdx M ! ´  ´ wdx dx ¨M ¸ U ! ´ © ¹dx ª EI º ? A « ¨M ¸ » u ! ´ ¬ ´ © ¹dx¼dx ­ ª EI º ½ M w! EI Let .

.Conjugate Beam A ³fictitious´ beam of the same length as the real beam loaded with the real beam¶s M/EI diagram« UReal Beam = VConjugate Beam YReal Beam = MConjugate Beam However.. .

Conjugate Beam Supports Shear and Moment at Supports of Conjugate Beam should account for the corresponding slope and deflection of real beam at its supports .

Conjugate Beam Supports Shear and Moment at Supports of Conjugate Beam should account for the corresponding slope and deflection of real beam at its supports .

Conjugate Beam Supports Shear and Moment at Supports of Conjugate Beam should account for the corresponding slope and deflection of real beam at its supports .

Examples of Conjugate Beam Supports .

Examples of Conjugate Beam Supports .

Examples of Conjugate Beam Supports .