Introduction to Airport Automation

International Group Institute for Information Industry
Nov 2007

Content
• • • • • • Experience and Capability IT Strategy of Airport Operation Central Database System Flight Information System Information Service System Communication Backbone System • BHS/BRS

Experience and Capabilities
(1) Flight Information Display System in Taiwan CKS International
Airport
A. Replacement of the existing LED Display B. In charge of engineering plan, design, tendering, check, CA

(2)Taiwan Airport Automation System Planning
A. Site survey, feasibility, strategy analysis on CKS, KHH and TPE Airports B. Business Model and System Planning with Mitre and Jalcon

(3) Flight Information Display System in China Harbin International Airport
A. International Tender, foreign loan, delivery B. System design, Software development, hardware purchasing, transportation, implementation, test and system integration

(4) Passenger Information Display System in Taiwan High Speed Railway
A. Arrival and departure information display system delivery B. System design, Software development, hardware purchasing, transportation, implementation, test and system integration

IT Strategy of Airport Operation
Measurement of Operation efficiency
v Over XX% of the flights arrived/departed within 15 minutes of schedule time v More than XX% of the passengers complete check-in in 20 minutes v Over XX% of the passengers complete immigration process in 15 minutes v XX% of the arrival passengers pick up baggage in 10 minutes at carousel

IT Strategy of Airport Operation
Automation Problems of Airport Operation and IT Strategy
Problem
1 Improve airport safety and service quality

IT Strategy
Improve flight information system, BHS, establish information service system and BRS.

2 Information can not be shared among IT systems

Apply international standard and define information exchange architecture and interfaces. (i.e. IATA Standard,Information Broker, and Central Database System)

IT Strategy of Airport Operation
Automation Problems of Airport Operation and IT Strategy
Problem IT Strategy

3 Networks can not be shared, and Establish airport communication it is not easy to be managed and backbone system, integrated cable expanded. system,network management system and drawing management system.

4 It is not efficient to contact all the Establish emergent response system related parties in the airport when and airport command center using incident occurred. Information Technology(IT).

IT Strategy of Airport Operation
Automation Problems of Airport Operation and IT Strategy
Problem
5 Short of manpower of the Airport Authority

IT Strategy
Establish or upgrade IT systems to distributed on-line processing, reduce the centralized batch processing of the Airport Authority

Apply international standard to integrate the terminal control center

6 It is not easy to integrate the existing systems in the airport because some of them are not open system.

Establish a migration plan and integration strategy

IT Strategy of Airport Operation
IT Infrastructure of Airport Automation
Airport Authority

FIDS

Air Traffic Control

ETA

Air Carriers

ETA

Airport Operational Database

Communication Backbone

Information Service
ETA

General Public

Government Departments

Ground Services Operator

Central Database System
CAA FIMS
Information Service System FIMS Network Flight Information System

Kiosk Internet Staff
Information

Gate & Stand Central Database System
Allocation Desk Allocation

Information Broker

FIDS

CUTE
Public Addressing

Emergent Response Facility Control
Event Manager

Central Database

BRS

BHS

CUBES MIS
Communication Backbone System Airlines DCS Baggage Handling System

Central Monitoring System

Without Information Broker and Operational Database...
Gate Allocation

Baggage Handling

Air Traffic Management

Building Management

Flight Information

With Information Broker and Operational Database...
Gate Allocation

Baggage Handling

Information Broker

Air Traffic Management

Building Management

Flight Information

Central Database System
Information Broker
Definition
• The Information Broker(IB) is a set of standard software and customized application that provides a means for systems to communicate and exchange data in a secure and reliable manner. The IB can eliminates the need for system to maintain several interfaces with other systems, which may require different interfaces with individual data exchange format and protocols. • • • • • •

Functions
Subject based addressing, Publish/Subscribe (Not network addressing) Information Validation, Filtering Guarantee Delivery (1:N, N:1, deferred delivery) Routing Rules, Priority Load Balancing Information Security (Encryption,Authentication,Audi t) HA/ Disaster Recovery

Central Database System
Central Database
Definition
• The Central Database is a central repository and database, that can be used to collect and disseminate critical airport operational information from different applications to a wider audience of users that can include airport user, airlines, ground handlers, CIQ staff, and etc.. • • • • •

Functions
Security control of information access Maintain information integrity and consistency Support Internet Standard Support Multi-languages The Central Database outage shall not prevent other systems’ communication. HA/ Disaster Recovery

Flight Information System
Airlines Government
SITA Network
Flight Information Management System Airport Central Database
Staff information

FIMS Network

Information Service System

(FIMS)
Flight Information System (FIS)

CUTE

BHS/BRS

Check-in Desk Allocation System

FIS Database

Gate & Stand Allocation System

Terminal 1 FIDS subsystem

Display Server

Terminal N FIDS subsystem

Display Server

FIDS

CIDS

GIDS

BIDS

SIDS

...

FIDS

CIDS

GIDS

BIDS

SIDS

Flight Information System
Typical Issues
• • The flight information is collected through manual method. The message format of flight information does not comply with international standard.
The gate & stand allocation system (GAS) is an off-line system. FIDS displays basic flight information. •

Future Feature
The real-time flight information is automatically collected through SITA and FIMS network. The message format of flight information will follow IATA standard. Provide on-line GAS. FIDS will provide more display information; for example, Passenger Final Call etc..

• •

• •

Information Service System

Information Service System

Internet Service
Firewall

Kiosk

Central Database System

Information Broker

Staff Information

Passenger Service

Ground Service

Central Database

Information Query

Communication Backbone System

Information Service System
Staff Information
Definition
• • The definition of staff can be the airport user, airlines, ground handlers, CIQ staff, and etc.. The ground service staff can be the staff of airlines, ground handlers, fuel, cater company.

Functions
Passenger Service - Lost and found - Passenger complain - Airport information Ground service - Supervising and controlling the relevant processes involved in aircraft handling Information Query - Flight information - Alert information - Airport directory information Internet Service - Airport WWW Service

• CIQ: Custom, Immigration, and Quarantine

Kiosk

- Airport information - Traffic, travel, hotel, rent a car

Communication Backbone System
Communication Backbone Architecture
Future Expandable Scope Existing Scope
AFTN
Internet

.. .
ATM Device

Host LAN

FIMS Network

CAA

Router

Airlines
ATM Device

Router

Communication Backbone System Terminal 2 ATM Backbone

Terminal 3 ATM Backbone

Terminal 1 ATM Backbone

CCTV Camera

...

Communication Backbone System
水平線路配線架 電腦網路集中器配線架 跳線 電纜線槽

Structure Cabling System
• • • Campus Backbone Subsystem - Fiber cables, 622Mbps ATM Building Backbone Subsystem - Fiber cables, 155Mbps ATM Horizontal Cabling Subsystem - Copper cables, CAT 5, RJ45 - 10/100 Ethernet - Distance: < 90M Easy to expand, install and maintain

電話幹纜配線架

Copper Cable 四對無遮蔽絞線(4P UTP)
資訊/電話兩用插座 工作站

網路集中器幹纜配線架

Optical fiber 光纖纜線
電話垂直幹纜

光纖網路集中器

乙太網路集中器接續線 一般話機/數位話機
FAX

FAX

FAX

Communication Backbone System
Control Center
Workstation Workstation

Diagram of Management System Architecture Overview

Plotter

Scanner

Future Expandable Scope

Airport Communication Backbone
WAN

Local Area Network

Maintenance Division

XXX Division

CAA
Workstation

Workstation

Database Server

Plotter

Scanner

Plotter

Scanner

Plotter

Scanner

BHS/BRS
Recommendation and Trend of BRS
(1) Follow IATA 1745 &1718B (2) Follow Advice from ICAO on 17 Articles of Appendix
-Index of Future Aviation Security Evaluation Standard for Airport

(3) Cases of BRS Worldwide - Europe: London, Manchester, Frankfort, Amsterdam - US: Chicago, Seattle, UA stations - Australia: Sydney - Asia: Singapore, Hong Kong, Beijing, Shanghai

BHS/BRS
Baggage Reconciliation System
Other airport that installed BRS
BSM

Airlines (DCS)

pas
BSM

sen

BRS Server

ger

Bag Tag

Hub

HONG KONG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

Access Wireless Mobile Scanner Point

FALLBACK SORTATION TAG
1160195388

CX 88

baggage Load into cart Fixed Scanner

Benefits in higher revenues & lower running cost through better integration.

Institute for Information Industry (III)