country located in the mountainous region adjoining Central Asia and the Middle East. Has a 1,046 kilometer (650 mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south, and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, the Republic of India in the east and the People's Republic of China in the far northeast.[ Pakistan has been called part of the New Middle East.[8]

Karachi Currency.Pakistani Rupee The estimated population of Pakistan is 172.000. making it the world's sixth mostpopulous country.800.Capital. .Islamabad Largest city. behind Brazil and ahead of Russia.

403 square miles (881.430 kilometres (1.509 mi) with Afghanistan to the NW 523 kilometres (325 mi) with China to the NE. Pakistan's land borders total 6. 2.774 kilometres² 2.640 km2) Apart from the 1.Geography Pakistan covers 340.809 mi) with India to the E and 909 kilometres (565 mi) with Iran to the SW .046-kilometre (650 mi) Arabian Sea coastline.912 kilometres (1.

126 m). 8. . which include some of the world's highest peaks: K2 (28. 8.660 ft.250 ft.The northern and western highlands of Pakistan contain the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges.611 m) and Nanga Parbat (26.

K2-2nd highest peak in the world. .

lie to the east.609-km) Indus River and its tributaries flow through the country from the Kashmir region to the Arabian .The Baluchistan Plateau lies to the west. the Punjab and Sind. The 1. and the Thar Desert and an expanse of alluvial plains.000-mile-long (1.

Tomb of Allama Iqbal Lahore Fort .

Languages multilingual country English is the official language Urdu is the national language. Punjabi is the most commonly spoken language of Pakistan. The following are major languages spoken in Pakistan .

Language The following are major languages spoken in Pakistan: Punjabi (Panjabi) 61 million Pashto (three major varieties) 19 million Sindhi 19 million Seraiki (Saraiki) 14 million Urdu 11 million Balochi (three major varieties) 6 million .

Almost 85% of Pakistani Muslims are Sunni Muslims and 15% are Shi'a Muslims .Religion second-most populous Muslimmajority country also has the second-largest Shi'a population in the world. About 95% of the Pakistanis are Muslim.

000 (0.000 (1.800.85%) Christianity 2.04%) .000.000 (95%) (nearly 85% are Sunni Muslims and 15% are Shi'a Muslims).Religion The Religious breakup of the country is as follows[13]: Islam 173.6%) Sikhs Around 20.200. Hinduism 3.000 (1.

Legislative power is largely vested in the Parliament. In the current semi-presidential system. the Prime Minister is head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. the President of Pakistan is the head of state. or semi-presidential. presidential.Politics Pakistan politics has taken place in the framework of a federal republic system of government has at times been parliamentary. and there is a multi-party system. .

Economy is the 26th largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power. agriculture and other industries. chemicals. Pakistan's economy mainly encompasses textiles. food processing. . and the 47th largest in absolute dollar terms.

and a costly. .The economy has suffered in the past from decades of internal political disputes. mixed levels of foreign investment. a fast growing population. ongoing confrontation with neighboring India.

. dry winter from December through February.a cool.a hot. .Climate Pakistan has four seasons: .the retreating monsoon period of October and November. and successive patterns of flooding and drought are also not uncommon. dry spring from March through May . . from June through September.the summer rainy season. or southwest monsoon period. Rainfall can vary radically from year to year.

Traditional dress Salwar kameez (shalwar qameez) is the national dress of Pakistan. Salwars are loose trousers designed in various styles. . for men as well as women. Salwar kameez is also popular due to the comfort factor. The salwar kameez is important especially during the festivals celebrated in Pakistan.

it is also the national dress for men in Pakistan. Although the sherwani originated in India during the 18th century. .The kameez is large and loose fitting tunic worn with the baggy salwar.

achkan can even go lower. These are long sleeved coats reaching all the way to the knees. . At times.The achkan is yet another important dress of Pakistan. which also originated in the 19th century in India. An achkan is a long jacket.



homeopaths or even many quacks traditional medicine sector has become an important source of health care.HEALTH Alternative therapies have been utilized by people in Pakistan who have faith in spiritual healers. especially in rural and tribal areas of the country . clergymen. hakeems.

and inadequate water and sanitation facilities. low status of women. has a deep impact on health indicators two main divisions: the public domain and the private domain .half the population (66%) lives in the rural part of the country Poverty. compounded by illiteracy.

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