Ancient Africa Overview

Information on Ancient Africa By: Omar Taha

the Congo. Africa does not have a huge mountain range. These are good size mountains. (Asia is the largest. Africa does have a few mountain ranges.200 miles long! At its widest point. Rivers: Africa has five huge river systems. and the Niger. The big three.) Africa is three times the size of the continental United States. Africa is nearly as wide as it is long. grasslands. in order of size. the Sahara. are the Nile. which is the imaginary line that separates the world into Eastern and Western Hemispheres runs vertically through Africa. Another imaginary line runs horizontally though Africa the Equator. like the Atlas Mountains in the north. Prime Meridian: The prime meridian. Measuring north to south. Landforms: Africa has rainforests. Africa is 5. and is home to the largest desert in the world. ‡ ‡ ‡ .Geography ‡ 2nd Largest Continent: Africa is the second largest continent in the world. but they would appear to be hills if you put them next to the Alps or the Himalayas.

Rainfall is not dependable. The temperature becomes hotter. Southern Mali is wetter and there is a lot of natural vegetation and plant life. The Mali people mostly live in southern Mali along the Niger River. During the winter season the temperature is in the mid 70s Fahrenheit (21 Celsius) in the day. meaning that in one place it rains hard and in another place it rains very little. Modern Mali Northern Mali is arid (dry) and there is no vegetation. The winds are followed by the rainy season and the temperatures go down to 80 F (26 C). but at night it gets extremely cold. so some villages are stuck with no crops to cultivate. Also when it rains. very little people live there. In Mali rainfall is spotty. more than 90 F (32 C) as dry winds blow from the northeast. . The rains arrive first and in large amounts in the south and after winter in small amounts in the north. There was good agriculture because there was heavy rainfall which was good for crops. Since there are very little clouds the heat from the day can go out into the atmosphere. It is part of the Sahara.Vegetation Ancient Mali In Mali there was very good agriculture so. the winds are called Harmattan. some years there is enough rain and some years there is too little. the population grew. Climate The climate in Mali is dry in winter and rainy in summer. it comes down really hard and takes all the nutrients way from the soil. this is called radiation cooling.

concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. Rise of the Mali Empire of the Mande (or Mandinka) peoples in West Africa. . This region had been under the domination of the Ghana Empire until the middle of the 11th century.Great Ancient African Empires The History of Ancient Egypt spans the period from the early presynaptic settlements of the northern Nile Valley to the Roman conquest in 30 BC.. several short-lived kingdoms vied for influence over the western Sudan region. The Mali Empire was strategically located near gold mines and the agriculturally rich interior floodplain of the Niger River. Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of eastern North Africa. As Ghana declined. when Lower and Upper Egypt b ecame a unified state. until the country fell under Greek rule in 332 BC. The Paranoiac Period is dated from around 3150 BC.