PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INGGRIS BERBASIS TEKS

Oleh Darwis Sasmedi Widyaiswara LPMP Sulawesi Selatan Maret 2006

Kegiatan Pembelajaran Dalam Empat Tahap dan Dua Siklus
1. Section one (BKOF lisan): ‡ Sharing knowlwedge ‡ Vocabulary building ‡ Grammar focus 2.Section two (MOT lisan): ‡ Story telling ‡ Transactional and interpersonal exchange

Prinsip Pembelajaran Kontekstual (CTL) dan Literasi
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ CTL: Konstruktivisme Inkuiri Mempertanyakan Pemodelan Komunitas belajar Pinilaian otentikRefleksi ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Literasi: Interpretasi Kolaborasi Konvensi Pengetahuan budaya Pemecahan masalah Refleksi dan refleksi diri Menggunakan bahasa

3.Section three (JC lisan): ‡ Constructing monologues ‡ Constructing transactional exchange ‡ Constructing interpersonal exchange 4.Section four (IC lisan): ‡ Constructing and performing monologues ‡ Performing transactional exchange ‡ Performing interpersonal exchange

5. Section five (BKOF tulis): ‡ Sharing knowledge ‡ Vocabulary building ‡ Grammar focus 6. Section six (MOT tulis): ‡ Reading for comprehension and interpretation ‡ Reflecting on text ‡ Reflecting on information organization ‡ Reading short function text

7. Section seven (JC tulis): ‡ Constructing text ‡ Constructing short functional text 8. Section eight (IC tulis) ‡ Constructing short functional text ‡ Constructing text (various genres)

‡ Pengalaman belajar dimulai dari bahasa lisan dan secara gradual mengarah ke bahasa tulis ‡ Guru sangat berperan dalam merangsang diskusi atau berinteraksi lisan dengan siswa ‡ Scaffolding talk atau bahasa yang menopang pembelajaran dan sekaligus menjadi model bahasa otentik yang digunakan dalam konteks sehari-hari

Transactional
‡ Percakapan transactional yaitu percakapan yang memiliki tujuan tertentu (to get something done,misalnya meminjamh buku, mengundang teman,meminta tolong, dsb. ‡ Percakapan semacam ini adalah perckapan yang memang harus dilakukan sebab jika tidak bercakap maka urusan tidak terselesaikan

Interpersonal
‡ Perckapan interpernonal dimaksudkan untuk membiasakan siswa memperpanjang percakapan dalam konteks µngobrol¶ tanpa tujuan tertentu, misalnya jika mereka ketemu dengan orang asing di halte bus, di pesta atau situasi lain yang mengharuskan mereka berbicara. Artinya, orang bercakap-cakap karena harus bercakap agar tidak terlihat aneh

DESCRIPTION
Social Function To describe a particular person, place or thing Generic Structure Significant Lexicogrammatical features 
Focus on specific participants Use of attributive and identifying process Frequent use of ephitets and classifiers in nominal group Use of simple present tense Identification: identities phenomenon to be described Description: describes parts, qualities, characteristics

RECOUNT
Social Function To tell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining Generic Structure Significant Lexicogrammatical Features 
Focus on specific participants Use of material processes Circumstances of time and place Focus on temporal sequence 

Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants Events; tell what happened, in what sequence Re-orientation: optional-closure of events

NARRATIVES
Social Function Generic Structure Significant Lexicogrammatical Features Focus on specific and usually individualized participants. Use of material processes (and in this text, beharioul and verbal processes) Use of relational processes and mental processes Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal circumstances Use of past tense To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways; Narrative deal with problematic events which lead to a crisis or turning points of some kind, which in turn fields a resolution Orientation: sets the scene and introduces the participants Evaluation: a stepping back to evaluate the plight. Complication: a crisis arises Resolution: the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse Re-orientation: optional

ANECDOTE
Social Function To share with other s an account of unusual or amusing incident Generic Structure Significant Lexicogrammatical Features Use of exclamations, rhetorical questions and intensifiers (really, very, quite, etc) to point up the significance of the events Use of material processes to tell what happened Use of temporal conjunctions 

Abstract: signals the retelling of an usual incident Orientation: sets the scene Crisis: provides details of the unusual incident Code: optional reflection on or evaluation on the incident

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