BUILDING SERVICES I (QSM554

)
NOR HAFIZAH MHD AYOB NORFASIHAH IBRAHIM SHAKIRAH AHMAD SHAH SITI NORHAZWANI IBRAHIM

CONTENT
INTRODUCTION TELECOMMUNICATION SECURITY FIRE FIGHTING BAS CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION
‡ Will be discussing on the:
± Case study ± Proposal

‡ Factors of consideration:
± Installation cost ± Space planning and setting out ± Coordination between services and layout ± Back-up services ± Sizing of equipments and maintenance aspects

INTRODUCTION REGULATIONS & STANDARDS APPLIED
REGULATIONS
‡ BOMBA ‡ JKKP ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

STANDARDS
UBBL British Standards Malaysian Standards LPS Standards Guide to Fire Protection in Malaysia ‡ Technical Data Series: Basic Fire Door Requirement ‡ Technical Specification: Building Automation & Security

INTRODUCTION CASE STUDY
Pembangunan 1 Blok Bangunan Pejabat, 34 Tingkat termasuk 7 aras tempat letak kereta dan 1 aras dewan serbaguna dengan 2 aras tempat letak kereta bawah tanah di atas Lot 168 dan 169, Seksyen 57, Jalan Perak Kuala Lumpur

INTRODUCTION PROPOSAL
Proposed building consist of:a) 3 basement (car park) b) 3 elevated parking c) 7 storey shopping complex d) 30 storey office

BUILDING SERVICES

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION
‡ Telecommunication is the transmission of information, over significant distances, for the purpose of communication ‡ In this section, the discussion will be made for:
± External communication system ± Internal telecommunication system ± Structured Cabling System ± Horizontal Cabling System ± PABX System (By User)

TELECOMMUNICATION CASE STUDY
EXTERNAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

‡ External telephone infra network consists of:
o telephone manhole o ducting system

‡ 2 telecommunication providers will be received for this building and terminate their telecommunication facilities

TELECOMMUNICATION CASE STUDY
INTERNAL TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM
‡ A centralized Main Distribution Frame (MDF) will be designed. Intermediate Distribution Frame (IDF) for Direct and extension Lines will be placed in patch panel cabinet at all floors in Cress Connection (CC) room. ‡ Category 3 cables is recommended to be used for the telephone backbone cabling system origin from MDF and terminate to all the IDF at CC room ‡ Provision of space for Fibre Optic Cable shall be designed for the Network Vertical/Backbone cabling connected to all patch-panel at CC room and collapse at PABX/Telecommunication Room.

TELECOMMUNICATION CASE STUDY
STRUCTURED CABLING SYSTEM (SCS)
‡ Provided for infrastructure communication and computing facilities Flexible communication port ‡ It is anticipated that the non-voice communications are made as frequently as conventional voice communications ‡ support those enchased telecommunication, multimedia and computing service (require high-speed and high bandwidth transmission capacity and capability) ‡ Designed based on following concept:
± Optical fibre cable and UTP Category 6 or higher cable ± Minimum of 3 communication outlets are provided for every Floor Outlet Box (FOB) ± Provisioning of copper and fibre patch panel ± Adopting collapsible type wiring topology ± Using patch cord

TELECOMMUNICATION CASE STUDY
HORIZONTAL CABLING SYSTEM
‡ Using the Compartment Floor Outlet Box (FOB) Service Box, Junction Box ‡ Consists of:
± Information outlet, to which telecommunication or data communication equipment is connected ± Power outlet, which shall provide electricity to terminal equipment

‡ Place/located at raised floor slab to suit the work area using grid system of maximum 3 meter distance apart ‡ Horizontal cabling not provided (by user/other)

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM PROPOSAL
Incoming (TELEKOM)

MDF Room

BDR

Riser

‡ Since the building is in the category 1 (which is 5 storey and above), a jointing chamber will be built at the point just before the buried telephone cables enters the building.

Patch Panel

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM PROPOSAL
COMPONENT MATERIAL/ TYPE OF APPLICATION Incoming cable (provider) Material: Copper Application: Under ground o The connection will be done by Telekom. o The minimum depth to be considered is 375mm below ground level. o The service trenches are fitted with manholes at certain length of the cable length for purpose of maintenance or upgrading works. JUSTIFICATION

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM PROPOSAL
COMPONENT MATERIAL/ TYPE OF APPLICATION Fibred optic Material: o Permits transmission over longer distances and at high bandwidths (data rates). o Signals travel along them with less loss and are also immune to electromagnetic interference JUSTIFICATION

backbone (Riser o Voice: copper (CATSystem) FI-E) o Data: fibred optic Application: o Encased in the building structural o Fitted to cable tray

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM PROPOSAL
COMPONENT MATERIAL/ TYPE OF APPLICATION Duct layout Type: Grid Layout o Able to maximize the usage of the floor o Flexible layout arrangement, which is the best layout for a multipurpose building Private Automatic Branch Exchange (PABX) Type: Electronic PABX o Multi-tasking system:
y y

JUSTIFICATION

Answer incoming calls Connect to internal telephones

o It helps to save time and money and reduces human effort.

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM PROPOSAL
COMPONENT MATERIAL/ TYPE OF APPLICATION Floor telephone equipment system Metal Encased in floor slab o To secure the outlet point from damage and exposure. o Neat. JUSTIFICATION

SECURITY SYSTEM

WHY WE NEED SECURITY SYSTEM?
Prevent thieves

Prevent vandalisme

???
Save property Save life

EXAMPLE OF SECURITY SYSTEM
caCCTV CCTV ALARM MONITORING DOOR ACCESS

LIFT ACCESS

CAR PARK ACCESS

TYPES OF SECURITY SYSTEM:-

ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM

HUMAN SURVEILLANCE

ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE

INTRUSION ALARM SYSTEM

CASE STUDY : MENARA TELEKOM

TYPES OF SECURITY SYSTEM USED IS:ANC ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE HUMAN SURVEILLANCE

ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM
Have ability to control access to a large numbers. must support a variety of card and reader technologies. Installed at:- lift lobby doors - car park entry - office door - staircase doors the system used is card access system

CCTV CONTROL STYSTEM
Provide full control of a large number of video camera and monitor. Install at :- lobby door - office doors - lift - staircase door - car park entry

have full matrix switching capability, where the output of the camera can be programmed to appear full-screen on any monitor

PICTURES CCTV

ELEVATOR ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM
The sequences: i. card recognized ii. the intelligent controller signals iii. outputs point iv. floor call buttons.

REMOTE SITE DIAL-UP
provide ability to communicate over a switched telephone network utilizing modems and voice grade telephone lines. all pertinent information can be downloaded regardless of incoming activity.

PROPOSE BUILDING 
Proposed building consist of:a) 3 basement b) 3 elevated parking c) 7 storey shopping complex d) 30 storey office  the types of system used same as our case study building.

ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM
types of access control system :a) Door access controlling b) Lift access controlling c) Car park access controlling types of card access used is:- proximity card access

installed at:- lift lobby (which is separate for office workers) - basement parking (car park access) - elevated parking (car park access) - office doors (door access)

ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM (CONt D)
components i. camera ii. Monitors iii. Multiplexors iv. switchers v. recorder vi. video transmission system

ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE
types of system used is:- CCTV Function:- provide effective back up for building . - record activities - help polices caught criminal. installed at:- basement parking - elevated parking - lift - stairs - every corner - entrance door

HUMAN SURVEILLANCE
types system used is:- intercom - security patrol monitoring system Functions:- to prevent from dangerous person - double checking. - To ensure that the computerization system work accordingly security placed at area:- entrance door - lift lobby

EXAMPLE PICTURES:-

BUILDING SERVICES

FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM (FFS)

FFS INTRODUCTION
‡ Main heading:
o Active : installation of services to prevent fire o Passive : part of the building element itself

‡ However, the discussion will be focused on active fire protection

FFS PROVISION IN UBBL (passive)
Clause 165 measure of travel distance to exits Clause 166 points out must be passed at any time Clause 167 exit door Clause 168 staircase Clause 169 exit way Clause 170 egress conditions for mezzanine floor and open staircase ‡ Clause 171 condition for horizontal exits ‡ Clause 174 composition of the exit level ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

FFS PROVISION IN UBBL (active)
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Clause 227 portable extinguishers Clause 231 wet riser system Clause 248 sign for wet riser Clause 228 sprinkler valves Clause 237 fire alarm Clause 238 central command and control Clause 241 Special requirement for alarm system

FFS CASE STUDY
‡ Scope of works:
± Automatic sprinkler system ± Wet riser system ± First aid hose reel system ± Automatic carbon dioxide and wet chemical system ± Portable fire extinguishers ± External fire hydrant system ± Fire alarm system (IFAS)

FFS CASE STUDY
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM
‡ The sprinkler hazard classification: ordinary hazard group ‡ Water storage tank is located at M&E Plant (B1) ‡ Divided into 4 zone ‡ 2 sets of electric sprinkler pumps for each zone connected to emergency back up power source ‡ Status of each component is monitored at Main Fire Alarm Console

FFS CASE STUDY
WET RISER SYSTEM
‡ Based on MS1489 & MS1210 ‡ Designed in 2 stages: ± 1st stage: at B1 (water storage tank main) ± 2nd stage: at Lev 19 (ditto break tank) ‡ System connected to emergency back up power ‡ Landing valves are located at every floor(smoke free

lobby)

FFS CASE STUDY
HOSE REEL SYSTEM ‡ Based on MS1447 ‡ Located at 30m hose coverage ‡ Designation is same with wet riser system (in 2 stages) ‡ Housed in secured cabinet exposed hose reel

FFS CASE STUDY
FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM (ARGONITE)
‡ Provided for area containing electrical equipment i.e. Substation, Transformer Room & Main Switch Room ‡ Comply to FM, UL, NFPA, Bomba, LPC & BS ‡ Initiated by the simultaneous activation of 2 separate zone detectors to eliminate accidental actuation of any false alarm ‡ Manual remote activation switch for emergency operation

FFS CASE STUDY
WET CHEMICAL SYSTEM ‡ Used to protect kitchen exhaust hoods ‡ The operational is same with Fire Suppression System ( initiated by the simultaneous activation of 2 separate zone detector) ‡ Manual activation switch emergency operation

FFS CASE STUDY
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
‡ Portable ABC dry powder escape route ‡ Portable CO2 areas under argonite, wet chemical &

mechanical plant rooms
‡ External fire hydrant :
± Supplied from ringed reticulation mains tapped off after meter ± Located at 75m radius arc coverage

FFS CASE STUDY
FIRE ALARM SYSTEM (IFAS)
‡ Min compliment to BS5839, BS3116, UBBL & IEE Regulation ‡ Microprocessor based analogue addressable system provide a discrete system address for each individual initiating device, monitored point & control point

‡ Consist of: ± Fire command center (FCC) ± Fire alarm panel (FAP) ± Initiating devices ± Manual call points ± Evacuation signaling devices ± Emergency one-way voice communication equipment ± Firemen s telephone system ± Auxiliary function control interfaces ± Field proven operating system

FFS PROPOSAL
COMPONENTS Portable Fire Extinguishers SUGGESTIONS o ABC dry powder extinguisher o CO2 fire extinguishers JUSTIFICATIONS o Allocation:
y

Staircase and entrance lobbies leading to primary circulation routes in the shopping complex storey

y Along escape routes. y Office area

o Minimize the damage to equipment

FFS PROPOSAL
COMPONENTS Wet Riser System SUGGESTIONS Split system JUSTIFICATIONS o Is used when the total height of the build in is more than 70m (in this proposed building, the total height is assumed to be 129m). o This system is design in 2 stage system:
y

The first stage ± cover for basement 3 to level 19.

y Second stage ± cover for level 20

to mechanical plant room.

FFS PROPOSAL
COMPONENTS Hose Reel Sprinkler System SUGGESTIONS Swinging Wet Pipe System JUSTIFICATIONS o Easy to adjust and move the reel o There is no hazardous material or equipment installed in the building ± more economic. o The total height of the building is exceeding 30.5m. Fire Detection and Alarm System o Heat detector o Smoke detector o Alarm System o To give early signal on the occurrence of overheated material or equipment in the building. o Two times of siren, which the second will detect the system and send signal to the other part of the FFS.

BUILDING SERVICES

BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM (BAS)

BAS INTRODUCTION
‡ Designed to the standard of modern, efficient and effective building ‡ Using the latest microprocessor based distributed control technology ‡ BAS operator station:
± Located at Building Maintenance Room (B1) ± Monitor & download control command for overall system

‡ Interfaced with M&E subsystem i.e. BMS, BSS, IFAS & etc.

SYSTEM Workstations

JUSTIFICATIONS - Located at the building maintenance office. - Communicate on LAN via NIU with the network NPS. - Purpose: data collection, data storage, data analysis, control scheme, etc. NOS - Field panels located at various locations in the building to provide the remote distributed monitoring and control interface to the building¶s M&E systems. - Will monitor and control directly field instrumentation/control devices or indirectly via ASC. ASC - Control and monitoring functions for the AHU, VAV boxes, lighting control and various plants control. - Will sit on the secong layer of the BMS architecture. Instrumentation - Field devices to be monitored/ controlled by the BAS and are & final control interfaced at the NOS and ASC. elements - Components: o Sensors o Transducers o Valves and actuators o Damper and actuators Master clock - Installed such that all processors in the system, i.e. PC, NOS, ASC system and gateways have real time clocks synchronised every 24 hours.

BAS PROPOSAL
‡ It is suggested to used the same system as case study for building automation ‡ Justification:
± The modus operandi is simple ± Allows for intranet which enabling the control system from any part of the building (Mothermother)

The end
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