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Ú iber diameter which is measured in micrometers , can only really apply to ibers
which are circular or nearly circular ,such as some man made ibers and wool

Ú Mass per ±unit length (linear density) can easily be applied to irregular cross
sections , which make up the majority o ibers . Eectively ,this quantity is a
measure o cross sectional area since

Ú Cross- section area X length X iber density = mass


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Ú Mass = cross section area X iber density

Ú I the iber density is a constant or a given iber then the mass ±per unit length is
just a constant multiple o the cross section area

 
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Ú î  ± ± looking at an object it is the relected light rom it that can be seen on a
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Ú Hal mature : (Lumen width "L")/(wall thickness "W") is less than 2 and more than 1

Ú Immature : (Lumen width "L")/(wall thickness "W") is more than 2

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