Space Elevator

Chris Biedrzycki Ned Cameron Mike Gruener Erick Haro

What is a Space Elevator?

.What is a Carbon Nanotube? Can be thought of as a sheet of graphite (a hexagonal lattice of carbon) rolled into a cylinder.

Why CNTs?   Young's modulus is over 1 Tera Pascal Strength 100x that of steel at 1/6 the weight (estimated tensile strength is 200 Giga Pascal) .

Categories of CNTs  Multi-walled nanotubes characterized by formation of nanotubes within nanotubes Single-walled nanotubes  .

Growing CNTs .

CNT Fabrication .

and the dissolution and saturation of carbon atoms in the metal nanoparticle ‡ Both MWNT and SWNT can be grown by CVD methods ± MWNTs use acetylene gas for the carbon source and a growth temperature between 600 ± 800°C ± SWNTs use carbon monoxide or methane for a carbon source and a much higher growth temperature (900 ±1200°C) .Chemical Vapor Deposition ‡ Involves heating a catalyst material to high temperatures in a tube furnace and flowing hydrocarbon gas through the tube reactor ‡ The materials are grown over the catalyst and are collected when the system is cooled to room temperature ‡ Key parameters are: ± Hydrocarbons ± Catalysts ± Growth Temperature ‡ CVD process involves the dissociation of hydrocarbon molecules catalyzed by the transition metal.

CNT Fabrication .

He Arc-Discharge ‡ Excellent Method for the production of both MWNT and SWNT ‡ CNTs are obtained by controlling growth conditions ± Pressure of gas in discharge chamber ± Arcing Current on a collector outside the furnace zone .Arc Method ‡ Carbon Atoms are evaporated by a plasma of Helium gas that is ignited by high currents passed through opposing carbon anode and cathode.

CNT Manufacturers ‡Carbon Solutions ‡CarboLex ‡Carbon Nanotechnologies. ‡Micro Tech Nano. Inc ‡Nanosys ‡Catalytic Materials LLC ‡INPT . Inc. ‡Fullerene International Corporation ‡Junye Nano Materials. ‡Luna Nanomaterials ‡Luxtera ‡Nanocs International ‡Nanoledge ‡Oxonica ‡Showa Denka KK ‡Deal International Inc. Inc ‡Nano Carb Lab(NCL) ‡NanoLab. Co. Inc ‡Nanostructured and Amorphous Materials.

Making Ribbon .

Ribbon .

Problems Encountered ‡ Cost ± High production costs ‡ Separation ± Untangling nanotubes ‡ Length ± 63.000 mi is a lot of ribbon .

Applications to Elevator .

Elevator in Orbit .

Deployment .

Anchor .

The Climber .

Gigantic antenna ± Capable of receiving radio waves from distant sources Large Geosynchronous Station ± capable of hundreds of permanent residents. science labs. Moon.To Infinity and Beyond«. pharmaceutical factories Settlements on Mars. Venus .

. or hurricane area Electricity ± Is a concern.155mph winds (Class 5 hurricane) can snap the ribbon position is not in a high wind. some will burn up Still create less waste than burning a rocket Nano-epoxy (Nano-tape) ± Still in the developmental stages High winds . some will splash down. Oscillations ±7-hour natural frequency actively damped by the anchor Radiation ± Components are good for 1000 years in orbit Mobility Anchor can move ~1 km each day to avoid debris and satellites Anchor is ~400 mi from all shipping and airplane routes Using current materials? ± No.Troubleshooting Cable breakage ± unrepairable 2x safety factor If breaks. but chosen location avoids lightning strikes.

Johnson Space Center Bennett Optical / Compower Owens-Corning Carbon Nanotechnologies Inc. Inc.Entities Involved 3M Corporation Los Alamos National Laboratory Art Anderson Associates Nanoledge Augur Aeronautical Centre NASA . T. Y. Princeton University Lockheed Martin ReyTech European Space Agency Rutgers University Flight Materials Group U of Mississippi ± Space Law Center Foster-Miller. Lin International Harvard University Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory HighLift Systems University of Kentucky .

Cargo $100/lb ‡First Elevator. Cargo 12.000lb/day .02 B $390 M $507 M $367 M $1.Pricing Component Launch Cost Cable Production Spacecraft Climbers Power Laser Anchor Station Tracking Facility Other Contingency (30%) Total Cost Estimate $1.5 B $120 M $500 M $430 M $1.000/lb ‡Now.2 B ‡Now.44 B $6. Cargo 4.000lb/day ‡First Elevator. Cargo $50.

Method to Improve Elevator   Use superconducting property of nanotube ribbon Maglev type ascention .

Conclusion .

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