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On ³DEVELOPMENT OF HYDROPOWER PROJECTS´

The Eleventh Plan calls for addition of 21. is less than one-fifth of this potential. for example.000 MW of new capacity. In the Tenth Plan. is close to 150. To be sure. at about 28.000 MW. There are issues relating to local government concerns. The actual installed capacity. Under the bestcase scenario.000 MW. According to the Central Electricity Authority. y y y y .Overview y The increasing prices of oil. the hydro power generation potential.000 MW. we may achieve just over 9. the target for hydro capacity addition was over 12. The Twelfth Plan calls for another 24. environmental impact and community relocation/rehabilitation that are often beyond the control of the project developer. These are not easy targets to achieve. the government has developed some very ambitious plans and initiatives. the enormous hydro potential remains sorely underutilized. the then prime minister announced an initiative to achieve 50.000 MW of hydro capacity addition.000 MW of hydro power.000 MW. The capacity added so far is only about 5. In 2003. Even with the 14. This is despite considerable improvement in the performance of the central public sector units and the entry of private players.500 MW. based on already identified sites.000 MW ³under construction´. Hydro projects can prove to be especially difficult to implement in a time-bound fashion. gas and coal in the international markets have again underscored the importance and desirability of development of hydro power in India.

100000 120000 20000 45768 66086 40000 60000 80000 860 17563 11791 30214 13301547229967 46769 GROWTH PROFILE OF INSTALLED CAPACITY -SECTORWISE(MW) 80-81 85-86 90-91 91-92 96-97 01-02 02-03 03-04 THERMAL 1565 18753 NUCLEAR 1785 19194 2225 21670 0 48086 69065 ` 60875 84770 HYDRO TOTAL 2720 26261 74429 104917 2720 26910 76607 107972 2720 29625 78491 112706 .

RESULTING IN NON-OPTIMAL UTILIZATION OF SCARCE RESOURCES NON- Ist Plan 03/56 IIIrd Plan (03/66) Vth Plan 03/79 2% Nuclear VIIth Plan (03/90) 2% Nuclear 29% Hydro 69% Thermal Today 2. 18% FAR. GW. .HYDRO : THERMAL RATIO HAS GRADUALLY DETERIORATED.5% Nuclear 26 % Hydro 70% Thermal 35% Hydro 65% Thermal 54% Thermal 46% Hydro 57% Thermal 41% Hydro   HYDRO POTENTIAL IN THE COUNTRY IS OF THE ORDER OF 150 GW. OPTIMAL MIX IS 40 : 60 FOR HYDRO : THERMAL TO ENSURE MAXIMUM UTILIZATION OF INSTALLED CAPACITY AND TO REDUCE PEAKING SHORTAGES. SHORTAGES. ONLY 18% HAS BEEN TAPPED SO FAR.

environmental friendly and enable incidental benefits of development in remote and inaccessible areas. navigation & drinking water. ‡ Hydroelectric projects ideally suited for meeting the peaking demand and improving the system reliability. ‡ Contd« . Multipurpose projects help in utilisation of water resources for irrigation. flood moderation.Advantages ‡ Hydropower is renewable.

about 400 sites involving installed capacity of more than one lakh MW are to be developed Based on the ranking studies the schemes have been categorised in A. B & C categories as per their techno-economic viability Region-wise and basin-wise categorisation of schemes is as follows : o o Contd« .Potential o Ranking studies by CEA .

MW Category B Nos. MW Category C Nos. MW Total Nos. No. Region Category A Nos.REGION-WISE SUMMARY OF CATEGORISATION OF THE SCHEMES Sl. MW 1 2 3 4 5 Northern Western Southern Eastern NorthEastern Total: 26 11 6 14 41 5879 816 890 2338 5718 101 20 20 20 86 17814 3517 3801 3518 41203 18 1 15 2 18 6680 55 1541 2691 10449 145 32 41 36 145 30373 4388 6232 8547 57370 98 15641 247 69853 54 21416 399 106910 .

THE RIVER BASIN-WISE SUMMARY OF CATEGORISATION OF THE SCHEMES Sl. 79 75 13 MW 18979 12239 1894 4 5 6 11 1 52 98 1412 35 7800 15641 26 10 97 247 6469 958 42574 69853 2 14 19 54 88 1508 12954 21416 39 25 168 7969 2501 63328 399 106910 . 17 1 1 MW 6080 600 186 Total Nos. 1 2 3 Indus Ganga Central Indian East Flowing West Flowing Brahmaputra Total: 11 20 3 MW 4088 2023 283 Category B Nos. No. 51 54 9 MW 8811 9616 1425 Category C Nos. River system Category A Nos.

etc. road blocks. Law & Order Problems Interstate disputes o o o o . hill slope collapses. natural calamities like floods.II. SLOW DEVELOPMENT OF HYDROPOWER Basic Reasons: o Environmental issues such as afforestation and rehabilitation & resettlement of Project Affected People (PAP) Geological surprises during construction Landslides.

Hydro potential development in these areas would involve huge expenditure on infrastructure development for transportation of equipment o o Contd« .o Hydro potential developed so far in the country is only about 25% of the total potential of the country The remaining sites generally located in inaccessible locations.

POLICY INTERVENTIONS o To accelerate development. Basin-wise development of hydro potential. Government of India also announced hydro policy in 1998 The salient features of Hydro Policy are as follows: 1. Contd« o o . power sector was opened up for larger participation by private entrepreneurs in 1991 Thereafter. Additional budgetary support for hydro projects under central PSUs 2.

Emphasis on survey and investigations. 9. Rationalisation of hydro tariff by allowing premium on sale rate during peak period 10. Renovation. Promoting small and mini hydel projects. Modernisation and uprating of existing hydro stations 7. Realistic estimates of completion cost. 8. Advance action for capacity addition in the 10th Plan and beyond 4. Quick resolution of inter-state projects 6. Simplified procedures for transfer of clearances. Contd« . 5.3.

catchment area development. resettlement and rehabilitation. of India also launched 50. Government support for land acquisition.000 MW hydroelectric initiative In spite of above initiatives. hydropower development has been slow perhaps due to longer gestation period To reduce the gestation period proactive role of management at the planning stage of project is of paramount importance Contd« o o .11. 12. Promoting hydel projects with joint ventures. o Govt.

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