THE EDUCATION SYSTEM IN AZERBAIJAN

Statistics & General Overview
Azerbaijan's educational system includes approximately: 1,650 kindergartens, 4,600 primary and secondary schools, 180 technical lyceums, 61 colleges, 53 institutions of higher education. About 200,000 professors, teachers, and lecturers are involved in education.13,000 of them at universities, about 1,000 university educators have earned highest degree, Doctor of Science , and more than 6,000 of them have earned their Doctor of Philosophy (Doctorate Degree). There are approximately 108,000 children enrolled in kindergarten, 1.367 million in primary and secondary school, about 100,000 college and technical lyceum students and 140,000 university students. Secondary education is compulsory and is guaranteed by the state. The state also ensures free higher education on the university level for talented young people. Universities currently train students in 270 fields, though the potential exists to offer education in about 360 fields . Educational diplomas from Azerbaijan are recognized in more than 50 countries.

Some Historical Facts
Azerbaijan did not appear to show a lot of interest for education in the beginning of the 20th century. In 1917 only 10% of its inhabitants could read and write. In the beginning of the twenties, after the Soviet Union took control of the country a school building program was started, as the Soviet Union valued education. In 1959 elementary education was free and obligatory. In 1966 universal secondary education was introduced as well as the Russian language The conflict in the late 1980s and early 1990s damaged the education system in Azerbaijan. 616 general education schools reportedly were captured and destroyed by Armenian forces. This led to the displacement of over 100,000 pupils and 10,000 educational staff members, according to the government of Azerbaijan, with 85,000 displaced children served by 707 schools established in the densest areas of refugee and IDP concentrations.

STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SYSTEM
PRE-HIGHER EDUCATION:

Primary education: (in this stage students in each class are taught by a teacher who progresses with them each year up through the four primary grades)  Length of program in years: 4 (age level from: 6 to: 10) Basic Education: (main education) 
Length of program in years: 5 (age level from: 10 to: 15)  Certificate/diploma awarded: Certificate of Primary Education

Secondary Education: (students receive their final two years of stateprovided schooling)  Type of school providing this education: High School  Length of program in years: 2 (age level from: 15 to: 17)  Certificate/diploma awarded: Certificate of General Education

GRADING SYSTEM
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Usual grading system in secondary school: Full Description: 1-5: 5- excellent; 4- good; 3- pass; 2- unsatisfactory; 1- totally unsatisfactory

‡ Highest on scale: 5 ‡ Pass/fail level: 3 ‡ Lowest on scale: 1

Curriculum Development
‡ Began in 1999 (With the World Bank's Education Reform Project)  Includes: ‡ New textbooks- improved and more responsive for children ‡ New teaching methodstransition from passive learning to active, more student-focused,more attention to the skills than learning facts.

HIGHER EDUCATION
‡ Education in Azerbaijan before the Soviet rule ‡ Higher Education in Soviet Azerbaijan ‡ Higher Education in Azerbaijan after Gaining Independence ‡ European Higher Education Area and Azerbaijan Types of higher education institutions: ‡ University ‡ Academy ‡ Institute ‡ College ‡ Conservatoire

Three-tiered education
‡ University level first stage: Bachelor·s degree (4 -5 years) - During this period, students may study the Humanities and Natural Sciences as well as the basis of the chosen specialty. They get The Diploma of Specialist in the end University level second stage: Master·s degree (1.5-2 years) - Students acquire in-depth knowledge and professional training in the Humanities and in Natural Sciences University level third stage: Doctoral degree (PhD) (2-3 years)

‡

‡

Framework:

Bologna System

The basic framework adopted is of three cycles of higher education qualification.
European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS)

‡1st cycle: typically 180ñ240 ECTS credits, usually awarding a Bachelor's degree. ‡2nd cycle: typically 90ñ120 ECTS credits (a minimum of 60 on 2nd-cycle level) Usually awarding a Master's degree ‡3rd cycle: Doctoral degree. No ECTS range given.

One academic year corresponds to 60 ECTS-credits that are equivalent to 1,500-1,800 hours of study.

The ECTS grading scale
Grade best/next Definition

A B C D E FX F

10% 25% 30% 25% 10%

70 or over 60-69 55-59 50-54 40-49
(30-39) Fail - some more work required before the credit can be awarded (Below 30)Fail - considerable further work is required

Admission to Higher Education
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Admission to university-level studies Certificate of General Education For entry to: All higher education institutions Entrance exams required: Students must sit for an National Entrance examination Foreign students admission Admission requirements: Foreign students must submit a document proving they have completed secondary education. Entry regulations: Visas are not required for students from Turkey and CIS (the Commonwealth of Independent States) countries. Health requirements: Foreign students must submit a health certificate. Language requirements: One-year preparatory language courses are organized for those students who have no knowledge one of the three languages of instruction (Azerbaijani, Russian or English)

Problems & lacks
New Educational System Adopted Russian Language Link is Disappearing Refugee Children Alphabet Transition Importing Paper and Pencils Lack of Computer Literacy

Questions
1. 2. 3. 1. a) b) 2. a) b) 3. Why our scientists and scholars have not been able to keep current with literature in their respective fields nearly 6 years? What are the differences between ´one-tieredµ & ´three-tieredµ educational system? What do students acquire during I (Bachelor) & II (Master) period? The material basis isn·t enough because: Not all books reprinted in Latin Books haven·t been developed for a three-level educational system Why importing educational equipments was easier in Soviet times? The Soviet Union has strong links for that Azerbaijan had enterprises at that times Unless many books aren·t reprinted in Latin:

a) b)

There will be great loss of resources It becomes harder for older generation to get Latin

Thanks For all kind of attention

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