Table 1.

Color of extracts at ambient conditions
Pigment Color Before Storage Color After Storage

Chlorophyll

Brownish green

Greenish brown

Table 2. Color of extracts subjected to heat.
Pigment Color after placement in water bath

Chlorophyll

brown

Table 3. Color of extracts added with some reagents (glacial acetic acid, 5% ascorbic acid and 10% lime water)

Pigment

30 minutes

3 days

Chlorophyll

Yellow green w/ precipitatae

Brownish green w/ precipitate

Table 4. Color of extracts after addition of sodium bisulfite.

Pigment

Observation

Chlorophyll

Became greener

Table 5. Color of camote leaves after blanching.

Time elapsed (minutes)

Color of leaves

5

Green

10

bright green

15

Yellowish green

20

Yellow

A. Extraction Table 1. Table showing the sample used, the extracted pigments and the initial observations
Sample Used Purple cabbage Extracted pigments Betalains Observastions The color of the filtrate obtained was pink (lighter than the anthocyanin)

B. Stability Tests Table 2. Table showing the observations made after one week of storage in an ambient condition
Betalains The color of the extract was still pink

Table 3. Table showing the observations made on the effects of heating in a water bath for thirty minutes on the pigments

Betalains

The color of the extract became purple

Table 4. Table showing the effects of the addition of some reagents (glacial acetic acid, 5% ascorbic acid and 10% lime water) on the extracts and the exposure to strong light for thirty minutes

Betalains

There was a presence of precipitate and the color became purple

Table 5. Table showing the effects of the addition of some reagents (glacial acetic acid, 5% ascorbic acid and 10% lime water) on the extracts and its storage in a dark place for three days Betalains The color became pink

Table 6. Table showing the reaction of the pigments addtion of Na bis lfate

pon

Betalains

The color became pinkish p rple and more distinct

ANTHOCYANIN

Table 1. Color of extracts at ambient conditions.

Pigment Anthocyanin

Color Before Storage Dark fuchsia pink

Color After Storage Fuchsia pink

Table 2. Color of extracts subjected to heat.

Pigment Anthocyanin

Color after placement in water bath Dark red

Table 3. Color of extracts added with some reagents (glacial acetic acid, 5% ascorbic acid and 10% lime water)

Pigment Anthocyanin

30 minutes Dark purple

3 days Dark pink

Table 4. Color of extracts after addition of sodium bisulfite.

Pigment Anthocyanin

Observation More intense red

CAROTENOID

LYCOPENE

‡Natures

most widespread pigment.

as secondary pigment in harvesting light energy. € Antioxidant € Precursors of vitamin A
€ Acts

ƒ

Carotenoids are comprised two structural groups: the hydrocarbon carotene and the oxygenated xanthophyll . Isoprene units linked covalently in either headtail or tail-tail fashion

ƒ

Carotene
Color of Fresh Extract Effect of Heat Effect of Reagent Reaction with Na bisulfate

Immediate
Yellow orange Yellow orange Light Yellow Light Yellow

Storage
Yellow orange (darker) -----Light Yellow Lighter Yellow

orange € Darkening
€ Yellow

€ No
ƒ ƒ

change

moderately heat stable. Even if degradation occurs color is mostly unaffected, mostly it is the nutrition that heating greatly have an effect on.

€ Isomerization

in the presence of acid. € In the presence of light oxidation occurs.

€ Immediately

changed color to yellow to light

yellow.
ƒ

Oxidation occurred

€ said

to be of especially efficient as an antioxidant

Reactions
Color of Extract Effect of Heat Effect of Reagents Effect of Na bisulfate

Immediate
Yellow Yellow Dull Yellow Yellow

Storage
Yellow orange ---Light Yellow Light Yellow

€ Yellow

€ Dark

Yellow

€ No
ƒ

change

Moderately stable

€ Changed

to dull yellow after 30 minutes in strong light. € Isomerazation . € oxidation

€ Oxidation.
ƒ

Color loss

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful