Week 5

‡ D&G ad http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nIb2_gREz SI ‡ What do you think?

Institutions (have power)
‡ an organization founded and united for a specific purpose, ( i.e., prisons, hospitals, corporations, government, etc.); ‡ an establishment consisting of a building or complex of buildings where an organization for the promotion of some cause is situated (i.e., IU, see above); ‡ a custom that for a long time has been an important feature of some group or society (i.e., "the institution of marriage, "the institution of slavery"; this also relates to industry, as in the diet industry. )

Ideology
‡ refers to the important 'belief systems' adhered to by groups or whole societies - it is our 'world view' or 'mind set' concerning how things are and ought to be. A society is a group of people who share certain key values and ideas. These values and ideas are called that society's ideologies.
± Examples, Heterosexual imperative, binary sex/gender system, conservative ideologies, beauty standards.

Metonym
‡ the metaphorical substitution of one word or phrase for another related word or phrase.
± Example, Democratic presidential candidates
‡ Gender as women, race as black.

± It s not over till the fat lady sings. ± The White House to indicate the President of the United States ± All hands on deck.

Eugenics (science of population control)
‡ Thank Puerto Rican women for your access to safe birth control devices.
± Proctor & Gamble funded human experiments on poor women in Puerto Rico, then a U.S. colony.
± The diaphragm was tested because, Gamble said, Puerto Rican women were constitutionally adapted for it, ''due to the lithe figures of the women, their long fingers, lack of inhibitions in regard to sex and their teachability.'' (Depo Provera was tested there, also foam, sponges, powders and jellies.)

± 1937 legally, medically able to sterilize Law 116 compulsory sterilization for medical or moral reasons ± 1945 wave of emigration from PR to US, moral panic

Eugenics (science of population control)
± 1956 new drug developed to regulate a woman s natural menstrual cycle; invited to test on poor women from PR.
± December 31, 1956: 221 women had taken the Pill; the drop-out rate exceeded 50 per cent; 17 per cent had experienced negative side-effects. The most frequently mentioned symptoms were dizziness, nausea and headaches. Three women had died. Rice-Wray's conclusion was that while the oral contraceptive seemed to give 100 per cent protection, it was unsafe.

± 1957 The Pill for sale in US (with its own set of problems)
‡ Black women in US and PR sterilized without consent into 1980s

Eugenics (science of population control)
‡ Rabbit Proof Fence (FILM)
‡ Western Australia, 1931, British Conquest. Government policy includes taking half-caste children from their Aboriginal mothers and sending them a thousand miles away to indentured servitude "to save them from themselves."
± Similar to Native American children in the U.S.

± Story of Molly Craig, a young black Australian girl who leads her younger sisters and cousin in an escape from an official government integration camp.

Molly travelled 1500 miles, evading the authorities with her aboriginal skills, to find her mother.

PEPFAR - The President s Plan for Emergency Aids Relief
‡ Bush Approved $18.8 billion over 5 years for HIV/AIDS education to developing democracies worldwide. ‡ 33% of $48 Billion (~$16 billion) must be spent on: A Abstinence, B Be Faithful in your Marriage/Monogamous Commitment, C If you MUST engage in risky behavior, use Condoms

The face of PEPFAR
³At an early age, Adrian decided that he wanted only one sexual partner for life. At 19, he met an amazing woman who became his first and only girlfriend. After 10 years, he has always been and is still faithful to her. ´ - Press Release, US Embassy in SA

What does this say about US foreign development policy and sexuality? (Think of the connections between science, medicine, religion, and finally the law - legislature.)

Hegemony
‡ In general, this term refers to the power exercised by one social group over another. ‡ The particular interests of one social group were assumed by the general population to be "natural" or "common sense" or "how relationships should be". ‡ Social change would only come about, claimed Gramsci, with the development of a new "hegemony" which would serve the interests of those who claim the right to manage themselves.

Power
‡ Power: The reproductive or transformational capacity possessed by social structures, which may be seen as existing independently of the wills of individual actors, for example, the power or market forces under capitalism.

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