Area Formulas

Rectangle

Rectangle

What is the area formula?

Rectangle What is the area formula? bh .

Rectangle What is the area formula? bh What other shape has 4 right angles? .

Rectangle What is the area formula? bh What other shape has 4 right angles? Square! .

Rectangle What is the area formula? bh What other shape has 4 right angles? Square! Can we use the same area formula? .

Rectangle What is the area formula? bh What other shape has 4 right angles? Square! Can we use the same area formula? Yes .

Practice! 17m Rectangle 10m Square 14cm .

Answers 17m Rectangle 10m 170 m2 Square 14cm 196 cm2 .

So then what happens if we cut a rectangle in half? What shape is made? .

Triangle So then what happens if we cut a rectangle in half? What shape is made? .

Triangle So then what happens if we cut a rectangle in half? What shape is made? 2 Triangles .

Triangle So then what happens if we cut a rectangle in half? What shape is made? 2 Triangles So then what happens to the formula? .

Triangle So then what happens if we cut a rectangle in half? What shape is made? 2 Triangles So then what happens to the formula? .

Triangle So then what happens if we cut a rectangle in half? What shape is made? 2 Triangles bh So then what happens to the formula? .

Triangle So then what happens if we cut a rectangle in half? What shape is made? 2 Triangles bh 2 So then what happens to the formula? .

Practice! Triangle 5 ft 14 ft .

Answers Triangle 5 ft 14 ft 35 ft2 .

.Summary so far.. bh .

.Summary so far.. bh .

bh .Summary so far...

Summary so far.. bh bh ..

Summary so far. bh bh 2 ...

.Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram.

What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram.

Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram. What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .

What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram.

What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram.

What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram.

What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram.

Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram. What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .

Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram. What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .

Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram. What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .

Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram. What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? .

What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? What will the area formula be now that it is a rectangle? .Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram.

What happens if we slice off the slanted parts on the ends? What will the area formula be now that it is a rectangle? bh .Parallelogram Let¶s look at a parallelogram.

just like the side of a rectangle! bh .Parallelogram Be careful though! The height has to be perpendicular from the base.

Parallelogram Be careful though! The height has to be perpendicular from the base. just like the side of a rectangle! bh .

Parallelogram Be careful though! The height has to be perpendicular from the base. just like the side of a rectangle! bh .

Rhombus
The rhombus is just a parallelogram with all equal sides! So it also has bh for an area formula.

bh

Practice!
Parallelogram
9 in 3 in

Rhombus
4 cm

2.7 cm

Parallelogram
9 in 3 in

27 in2

Rhombus
4 cm

2.7 cm

10.8 cm2

.Let¶s try something new with the parallelogram.

you saw that you could use two trapezoids to make a parallelogram.Let¶s try something new with the parallelogram. Earlier. .

. you saw that you could use two trapezoids to make a parallelogram.Let¶s try something new with the parallelogram. Let¶s try to figure out the formula since we now know the area formula for a parallelogram. Earlier.

Trapezoid .

Trapezoid .

Trapezoid So we see that we are dividing the parallelogram in half. What will that do to the formula? .

What will that do to the formula? bh .Trapezoid So we see that we are dividing the parallelogram in half.

Trapezoid So we see that we are dividing the parallelogram in half. What will that do to the formula? bh 2 .

What is wrong with the base? bh 2 .Trapezoid But now there is a problem.

by calling the top base. base 1. bh 2 . The heights are the same. so no problem there. By adding them together.Trapezoid So we need to account for the split base. and the bottom base. base 2. we get the original base from the parallelogram.

base 1. The heights are the same. and the bottom base. By adding them together.Trapezoid So we need to account for the split base. base 2. base 2 base 1 base 1 base 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 . by calling the top base. so no problem there. we get the original base from the parallelogram.

Practice! 3m Trapezoid 11 m 5m .

Answers 3m Trapezoid 11 m 5m 35 m2 .

bh ...Summary so far.

.. bh .Summary so far.

Summary so far... bh .

.Summary so far.. bh bh .

. bh bh 2 .Summary so far..

.. bh bh 2 .Summary so far.

bh bh 2 .Summary so far...

bh bh 2 ..Summary so far..

..Summary so far. bh bh 2 .

.Summary so far. bh bh 2 ..

bh bh 2 ..Summary so far..

bh bh 2 .Summary so far...

. bh bh 2 ..Summary so far.

.. bh bh 2 .Summary so far.

. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .Summary so far..

. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 ..Summary so far.

.Summary so far.. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .

Summary so far... bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .

.Summary so far.. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .

.Summary so far.. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .

So there is just one more left! .

you can make a kite.So there is just one more left! Let¶s go back to the triangle. . A few weeks ago you learned that by reflecting a triangle.

Kite So there is just one more left! Let¶s go back to the triangle. you can make a kite. A few weeks ago you learned that by reflecting a triangle. .

What is the area of a triangle formula again? .Kite Now we have to determine the formula.

Kite Now we have to determine the formula. What is the area of a triangle formula again? bh 2 .

Kite Now we have to determine the formula. bh 2 . What is the area of a triangle formula again? Fill in the blank. A kite is made up of ____ triangles.

What is the area of a triangle formula again? Fill in the blank.Kite Now we have to determine the formula. A kite is made up of ____ triangles. bh 2 So it seems we should multiply the formula by 2. .

Kite bh *2 = bh 2 .

What is the base and height of a kite? The green line is called the symmetry line.Kite bh *2 = bh 2 Now we have a different problem. and the red line is half the other diagonal. .

Kite Let¶s use kite vocabulary instead to create our formula. Symmetry Line*Half the Other Diagonal .

Practice! Kite 10 ft 2 ft .

Answers Kite 10 ft 2 ft 20 ft2 .

..Summary so far. bh .

.Summary so far.. bh .

bh ..Summary so far..

. bh bh ..Summary so far.

.Summary so far. bh bh 2 ..

.. bh bh 2 .Summary so far.

.Summary so far. bh bh 2 ..

Summary so far...
bh
bh
2

Summary so far...
bh
bh
2

Summary so far...
bh
bh
2

Summary so far... bh bh 2 .

..Summary so far. bh bh 2 .

bh bh 2 ...Summary so far.

bh bh 2 ...Summary so far.

bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .Summary so far...

bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 ..Summary so far..

Summary so far... bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .

. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 ..Summary so far.

Summary so far.. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 ..

..Summary so far. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .

..Summary so far. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .

Summary so far... bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 .

Summary so far. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 ...

Summary so far. bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 Symmetry Line * Half the Other Diagonal ...

Final Summary Make sure all your formulas are written down! bh bh 2 (b1 + b2)h 2 Symmetry Line * Half the Other Diagonal .