Lakota Ceremonies

By Victor Douville



Lakota Ceremonies
By Victor Douville

Copyright © 2006 by Victor Douville Published by Sinte Gleska University
5/1/2011 2

dating back to more than five thousands years ago. The age of some ceremonies like the vision quest and the sun dance were tied together and can be found in archaeology sites. This shows a great diversity of areas that the Lakota may have traveled and visited. Some ceremonies connect to the north. in the west. some came from the south and others originated from east and west. 5/1/2011 3 .Origins of the Ceremonies The Lakota ceremonies evolved from geographic regions and trends that radiated from all directions.

.. (vision quest) Hunka Kagapi (making a relative) Inikagapi .(pipe) Ceremony Cincaton Okihipi ......(name giving) Wasiglapi ..........The Ceremonies           Cannunpapi ...(mourning ceremony) Wiwanyank Wacipi .........(puberty age) Rites Hanbleceyapi .....................(sun dance) 4 5/1/2011 .....(sweat ceremony) Kiciyuzapi (marriage) Rites Lowanpi (sing for a cure or quest) Ocastonpi..

Douville collection of drawings Pipe rite is always performed with almost all of the ceremonies The main purpose of the pipe is to invoke all of the directions and the spiritual beings 5 5/1/2011 .Cannunpa Rite   Courtesy of V.

Cincaton Okihi Kagapi    Courtesy of Lakota Studies collection of Anderson photos 5/1/2011  Puberty rites for females are called coming out or becoming a woman-the following are three puberty rites Tapa Wankal Iyeyapithrowing of the ball Tatanka Awicalowanpi.buffalo sing Isnala Awicalowanpisinging over her alone 6 .

The gift is usually a horse 5/1/2011  Throwing of the Ball rite symbolizes that a girl now becomes a women Buffalo hide balls are painted red and when appropriate.Tapa Wankal Iyeyapi   For each ball thrown a gift is given to the young boy who catches it. they are thrown into a crowd of young boys This symbolizes they are eligible to wed 7 .

Tatanka Awicalowanpi   Courtesy of Lakota Studies collection of Anderson photos 5/1/2011 The Buffalo Sing Over Her rite are songs evoking the spirit of the female buffalo which embodies generosity and feminine powers of Unci Maka This is also a reminder to observe the moral & social laws brought by the White Buffalo Calf Woman 8 .

Isna Awicalowanpi   Courtesy of Seth Eastman Painting from Afton Historical Society Press. Afton. MN 5/1/2011 Singing Over Her Alone rites are songs that remind how great the power the young woman posses when menses first comes This is why a young girl-woman is isolated in a tipi where her power is contained and she is taught the ways of a woman 9 .

Hanbleceyapi    Courtesy of V.Douville collection of drawings 5/1/2011 Vision Quest is an initiation rite for a boy who becomes a man This rite is also a way for a medicine man to help in seeking a cure Others do vision quests to seek or pursue other needs 10 .

Hunka Kagapi Hunka or Ocaston Paraphernalia    Making a relative was originally between two tribes to create peace Waliyacin(adopt one in place of deceased offspring because of close resemblance) Cincaya(have or adopt as a kin) 11 5/1/2011 Photo courtesy of Victor Douville .

Douville collection of drawings 5/1/2011 Make a Sweat Rite Purpose is to cleanse the mind.Inikagapi    Courtesy of V. spirit and the body that is troubled Specifically used for something bad that happened to a person and the sweat ceremony can sometimes be the answer 12 .

Afton.Kiciyuzapi    Courtesy of Seth Eastman painting from Afton Historical Society Press. MN  Marriage rite This rite was to join 2 people in marriage It was not institutionalized but regulated by the tiospaye and not by civil law It was a simple rite 5/1/2011 13 .

Douville collection of drawings A curing ceremony To seek a way to heal or cure a relative To seek something or someone that was lost To gain power to cure or heal by medicine man 14 5/1/2011 .Lowanpi     Courtesy of V.

also creates a kin Naming occurs 2 times.Ocaston Kagapi Handing Down a Name  Making a name rite Grandparent¶s Name Son or Daughter Grandchildren This is for hereditary names only 5/1/2011   A hunka. when achieving a deed 15 . being named . one tying a feather to a birth and later in life.

Wasiglapi (Mourning Rites)     Ahankitapi (a wake) Wanagi Gluhapi (spirit owning) Wanagi Iyeyapi (sending a spirit) Istamni Pakintapi (wiping of tears) 16 Courtesy of Seth Eastman Painting from Afton Historical Society Press. MN 5/1/2011 . Afton.

MN 5/1/2011 A wake Public viewing of a deceased relative for 4 days Seek immediate relief by intense bereavement with physical self torture 17 .Ahankitapi    Courtesy of Seth Eastman Paintings from Afton Historical Society Press. Afton.

Wanagi Gluhapi The bundle contains a lock of hair. tobacco and other items Tripod Bundle Tripod is covered by a buffalo robe when placed outside    Keeping of kin s soul or spirit A lock of hair (scalp lock) is placed in a bundle with other appropriate items The bundle is placed in a tipi for the purpose of housing the bundle and taking care of it 18 5/1/2011 . sweat grass.

a commemoration feast is held and the spirit is released to where it came 19 .Wanagi Iyeyapi   Wanagi Tacanku (Ghost Trail) 5/1/2011 Sending a spirit to the Wanagi Ta Canku After about 1 year.

Istamni Pakintapi     Courtesy of Lakota Studies collection of Anderson Photos 5/1/2011 Wiping of tears rite After the releasing of the spirit of the kin. the mourners are brought to the center They are given water and counseled This is a long term seeking of relief and comfort 20 .

Wiwanyang Wacipi Sun Dance ceremony Sage  Requires a pledge & 1 year preparation Braided Hunka Raw Hide marking Rope to be Ceremony begins Eagle Bone Whistle tied on the within 7 days Sun Flower skewers Medallion-the sun  The last day is the Piercing flower always Pins(skewers) piercing portion faces toward the Wooden awl sun but never  It is done for the directly at it for piercing good health and welRabbit Fur Ankle Bracelets-rabbit shows great humility by trembling before the great powers fare of the nation Rabbit Fur Wrist Bands THE PLEDGER  5/1/2011 Artwork courtesy of Archie BSH 21 .

5/1/2011 22 . It involves taking a hallucinatory drug to help induce the desired religious intent. Another ceremony is Peyote. This ceremony appears to be primarily concerned with the power of the medicine man who can successfully unbind himself and emerge with a prediction or finding a lost item or a person. Peyote originated from the Southwest.Other Ceremonies Yuwipi (wrap oneself up) is similar to the Midiwin ceremony of the Santee and the Great Lakes tribes and like the Lowanpi ceremonial aspect that deals with finding lost items and persons . during the era of the Ghost Dance.

They sooth and nurture the growing of the youth and they are a therapeutic remedy to hardships encountered by the people on their long journey throughout life. to the adolescent. They strengthen and guide the people from the first step to the last.The Significance of Lakota Ceremonies They are the building blocks of a successful way of life. to the adulthood and old age. 5/1/2011 23 . starting from the infancy level. Ceremonies started out as age graded practices and this is reflected in the way they are conducted.

Hecegla 5/1/2011 24 .

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