Tokugawa Shogunate

By: Elena Chao Francis Tien Jason Wu

Main Point 

Samurai Bushido  

Sengoku Period 

Tokugawa Shogunate

Tokugawa Leyasu became the winner of the civil war . Generals controlled all power.and created the Edo Period.8th Century 12th Century 17th Century 19th Century The emperor of Japan held control of the land. Japan became the country that we see today . and created Shogunate. After Meiji Restoration.

peasants. Built by the Tokugawa Shogunate (1603 to 1868). During this period of time.even warrirors called samurai had leisure time to study martial arts. Strict 4 class system listing from top to bottom: samurai.    . artisans. and merchants.Tokugawa Shogunate  Sengoku Period Edo Period. Japan went through piece and quiet--. tea ceremony etc.

warriors amassed enough power. but they usually use only a small part out of their whole name. samuraiA samurai usually takes one kanji from his father or grandfather and another new kanji for their name. and created the samurai-dominated government.The Rise of Samurai  Samurai warriors were retainers of the emperor. After many years. ) whole name would ).  EXAMPLE) Oda Nobunaga's( be: be: Oda Kazusanosuke Saburo Nobunaga ( .

bureaucrats. .The Change of Samurai   During the Tokugawa Shogunate (Edo period). a long ancient sword. instead of being warriors. many samurai became courtiers. became the emblem of power. the katana. Then. and administrators.

The Falling of Samurai  1873: Emperor Meiji tried to end the power of Samurai. The rule of the Samurai class was not over. 19th Century: the Samurai class was finally abolished.   . and tried to be more westernwestern-style.

( = Bu shi . way)  . a long narrow sword. symbolized loyalty.Bushido  The idea of ³Bushido´ came from ³Kojiki´ (the book written by Yamato Takeru.   teaches that the katana. Carl Steenstrup is known for translating several works of Japanese literature. duty. Most of them were about the history of Bushido.  "Way of the Warrior". which was a code of conduct for warriors. selfobediece.Do u. warrior) ( . the son of emperor Keiko). and honor. is the soul of a smaurai. self-sacrifice.

and was ended by the Tokugawa Shogunate.Sengoku Period    15th century to 17th century The time of social upheaval. Important people during that time: Oda Nobunaga Toyotomi Hideyoshi Tokugawa Levasu .

1582 lived a life of continuous military conquest. 1534 ± June 21. .Oda Nobunaga    June 23. counquered a third of Japanese territory before his death in 1582.

1559: Nobunuga became the ruler of Owari (Unification of Owari Province ). Shiba Yoshimune challenged Nobunaga's place as Owari's new ruler.Rise of Power     1551: Oda Nobuhide died unexpectedly. Nobunaga allied with the Imagawa and Kira clan. .

Mitsuhide decided to betray Nobunaga at the Incident at Honnoji. and ordered Akechi Mitsuhide to assist Hideyoshi.Old Age  1582: Hashiba Hideyoshi ( Toyotomi Hideyoshi) invaded Bichu Province. Nobunaga¶   . causing Nobunaga¶s suicide. Nobunaga ordered Niwa Nagahide to prepare for an invasion of Shikoku .

1598 Became a daimyo due to his former liege lord. Oda Nobunaga s death.Toyotomi Hideyoshi   February 2. . 1536 September 18.

1561: Hideyoshi married Nene who was Asano Nagamasa 's adopted daughter.Introduction    He was born of no traceable samurai lineage. . Had no surname. and his childhood given name was Hiyoshi-maru (Bounty of the HiyoshiSun).

   . 1582: Hashiba Hideyoshi defeated Akechi Mitsuhide at the Battle of Yamazaki. Hideyoshi became one of Nobunaga's most noted generals. then stayed with Oda Nobunaga as a lowly servant (sandal(sandal-bearers). eventually taking the name Hashiba Hideyoshi. 1567: Nobunaga captured Inabayama Castle because of Hideyoshi's efforts.Rise of Power  1557:he returned to Owari Province and joined the Oda clan . Hideyoshi.

Afterwards. Hashiba Hideyoshi took the power into his own hands. His health began to worsen. He named his nephew Hidetsugu. who became his heir. Few years after. took control of Etchu Province and Kyushu. Hideyoshi conquered Kii Province and Shikoku.The Climax of Toyotomi Hideyoshi  After Nobunaga died.   . 1586: Hideyoshi was given the name Toyotomi by the imperial court.

but remained in power until his death in 1616.Tokugawa Ievasu  January 31. who established his government in Edo (Modern Tokyo) which became a major fishing indusrty. 1615: Toyotomi Clan was destroyed. 1603: the emperor assigned Ieyasu as Shogun. Ieyasu was the most powerful man in Japan after Toyotomi Hideyoshi had died in 1598. 1605: renounced from office. allowing the Tokugawa to capture Osaka Castle. 1543 ± June 1. 1616 seized power in 1600 (Battle of Sekigahara).      .

Ieyasu traded with western countries and established connections with the English and Dutch. Ieyasu employed many strong generals: 1. After that. 5. Ieyasu broke with the Imagawa and captured the base of Kaminojo. which brought tight control to ancient Japan.Rise of Power   Ieyasu decided to ally with the Oda clan. 4. In 1561.  Ishikawa Kazumasa Koriki Kiyonaga Hattori Hanz Sakai Tadatsugu Sakakibara Yasumasa They were the saviours of the ending Sengoku Period.  During the Battle of Sekigahara: Ieayasu defeated many of Hideyori's loyalists.   . Ieyasu redistributed the land other daimyos had gained. 3. giving him wealth and power. then Ieyasu created ³Tokugawa Shogunate´. 2.

However. 18671867-68: the Tokugawa government collapsed due the anti-government feelings of anticitizens who wanted restoration of imperial power. B. C.  18th century: Pressure occurred when Russians tried to conduct trade with the Japanese and failed. Tokgawa's calm was shattered when Matthew Perry's U.Collapse of the Tokugawa Government  Gov.    . 19th Century: European and American nations teamed up with Russia and forced Tokugawa to open trade ports. was declining for some reasons: A. there was very limited trade until the Meiji Restoration(1868). Riots started to form Disasters and famines occurred frequently Financial problems dealing with high taxes.S. steamships arrived in Japan in 1853.

THE END Thanks for listening! .

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